Mardiwiyoto, Harsono
Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

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Keefektifan Metode Microskill Untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Supervisi Klinik Sunarko, Sunarko; Emilia, Ova; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 2 (2012): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.179 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25092

Abstract

Background: Clinical education requires competent supervisor to guide student. Supervisory competency should be trained and closely monitored to ensure quality learning process taking place. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of micro-skill supervisory model to improve the supervision quality among nursing student. Method: The research used quantitative approach with quasi experimental design. Subject consisted 91 students of the third year Nursing students at Magelang Health Polytechnic. Students were divided into two groups: intervention group (44 students) and control group (47 students) using purposive sampling. Research questionnaire consisted of 21 items which were derived from 5 micro skill domains was used. Intervention was supervision using micro-skill model during 2 weeks in a rotation of clinical practice.Results: There was no difference of quality clinical supervision was used in the control group while in experiment group the pre and post test score was significantly different. The experiment group had higher quality of supervision. The study showed that only 9 items showed significant improvement of supervision and 12 items did not show any improvement.Conclusion: Clinical teaching using micro skill model is more effective in improving the quality of nursing student clinical supervision compare to the conventional method. 
Hubungan antara Persepsi Situasi Pembelajaran dengan Pendekatan Belajar Mahasiswa Blok Muskuloskeletal di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Pelita Harapan Wijayanto, Rhendy; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Kumara, Amitya
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 3 (2012): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (621.91 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25107

Abstract

Background: Comprehension on student’s learning approach is an essential issue because it deals with the learning quality. Student’s perception on learning environment is a factor that influences student’s learning approach. The aims of this study were to describe student’s perception on learning environment, student’s learning approach, relationship between student’s perception on learning environment with learning approach applied in musculoskeletal block at Faculty of Medicine Pelita Harapan University.Method: This research was conducted using mixed method which combines two approaches type. A quantitative approach was the main approach, while qualitative approach acted as facilitatory approach. As many as 106 students of musculoskeletal block participated as sample.Results: Descriptive analysis showed that students perception was good on teaching quality (77.36%), clear goals (59.43%), and learning ability acquired (88.68%). Meanwhile 68.87% of sample had unsatisfied perception on assessment and on workload (73.58%). The correlation of learning environment perception to learning approach revealed p value>0.05 which was not statistically significant. Qualitative findings showed the role of internal motivation in determining learning approach adopted by student. Internal motivation comprised interest in subject, previous knowledge, and self-esteem.Conclusion: Student’s perception of learning environment is not a predictor of learning approach applied by student in musculoskeletal block. Internal motivation take part in determining students’ learning approach. 
Faktor-faktor Yang Dianggap Sebagai Prediktor Terhadap Keefektifan Kelompok Tutorial Problem Based Learning (PBL) Istadi, Yani; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 2 (2012): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.258 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25130

Abstract

Background: The tutorial plays a central role in problem-based learning (PBL). The effectiveness of small group tutorials is one of the key aspects to the students’ success in exam. This study aimed to identify factors perceived as the predictors for effectiveness of PBL tutorial group.Method: The subjects of the study were all of the students (year of 2008) of the Medical College of Sultan Agung Islamic University who were taking tropical disease module. The adapted version of the scales adopted in this study included the scale developed by Van den Bossche et al. for assessing team effectiveness, beliefs about the interpersonal context and group’s learning behavior dimension, scale developed by Dolmans & Ginns for assessing tutor’s performance, scale developed by Munshi et al. for assessing quality of case problem, scale developed by Lepper et al. for assessing learning motivation. Quantitative approach with correlation and double regression analysis was applied.Results: The 223 subject included in the study consisting of 84 (37.3%) male and 139 (62.3%) female students. There was a significant correlation between effectiveness of tutorial group and a tutor’s performance (r = 0.456, p < 0.01), quality of case problem (r = 0.366, p < 0.01), beliefs about the interpersonal context dimension (r = 0.631, p < 0.01), group’s learning behavior (r = 0.559, p<0.01) and motivation (r = 0.137, p<0.05). There was a correlation between the variables of tutor’s performance, beliefs about the interpersonal context dimension, and learning behavior and group effectiveness indicated by the regression coefficient of 0.739 (p < 0.05). These three variables contributed to the group effectiveness as much as 54% with F value 87.857. The quality of case problem and motivations were not the predictive factors for group effectiveness.Conclusion: Improving tutorial group effectiveness requires improving factors beliefs about the interpersonal context dimension, group’s learning behaviors dimension and tutor’s performance. A favorable learning atmosphere is needed to improved motivation and better quality of case problem.
Penggunaan Audit Klinis Sebagai Cara Pembelajaran untuk Meningkatkan Perilaku Peserta Didik PPDS Onkologi Radiasi Periode September 2010 - Maret 2011 Djuita, Fielda; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Emilia, Ova; Soehartati, Soehartati
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.175 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25139

Abstract

Background: Clinical Audit is one of the formative evaluations that conducted to maintain and increase behavior and performance of the Radiation Oncology students, as an effort to maintain radiotherapy services and grant the quality of education. The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of clinical audit in improving students’ behavior.Method: This was a quasi-experimental research time series. We have done audit to the medical record chart of the residences at Policlinic I, II, III and stay at semester 3, 4, 5 in FK UI/RSUPNCM between September 2010 and December 2011 (T0). Audit had done by the author and one of the lectures. After analyzing the audit report, the reports were sent to the students one by one through email followed by forwarding it to the lecturer involved in this research. Then we continue the audit by performing the second clinical audit (T1) from January until March 2011. We used the mean score from the two auditors. The score divided into 4 groups as follows: hospital clinical record, treatment prescription, simulation and planning also evaluation during treatment. After that the author compared the audit score before and after intervention with t-test.Results: There were 16 Oncology Radiation students with 163 cases (To) and 156 cases (T1) who worked at Policlinic I, II and III. Behavior mean score is 1.9229 (T0), standard deviation 0.0514 and mean score after first intervention is 1.9764, standard deviation 0.0479 with p= 0.006.Conclusion: The students’ behaviors and performance are changed significantly after intervention.
Persepsi Mahasiswa dan Tutor tentang Kejadian Kritis Selama Diskusi Tutorial dan Jenis-jenis Interview Terhadap Kejadian Tersebut Fitri, Amelia Dwi; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Suryadi, Efrayim
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 3 (2013): November
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (812.46 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25179

Abstract

Background: Tutorial group discussion is one of the key features of problem based learning. The tutor-facilitated group discussion is not always work as planned. Critical incident during tutorial is one of the factors that may hinder group dynamics. Six factors hindering group dynamics (unequal participation, lack of cohesion, lack of motivation, lack of elaboration, lack of interaction, and personality problem), play role in critical incidents during tutorial. Tutor’s and students’ perception on critical incidents are affected by each individual point of view on the incidents. The point of view will influence intervention expected by students and actual intervention done by tutor. Tutor’s capability to do proper intervention is one of the factors needed to ensure group discussion to progress well. The aim of this research is to identify students and tutors perception on critical incidents during tutorial and types of intervention done by tutor to overcome these incidents.Method: This is a mixed-method research which combines quantitative and qualitative approaches. 352 students of 4 batches and 21 tutors involved in this research. Students and tutors’ perception on critical incidents were collected using questionnaire consist of 36 Likert-scale items, and 2 open-ended questions. Intervention done by tutors was further explored using focus group discussion with tutor and students, based on quantitative result.Results: Similar perception were found in both students and tutors regarding the factors influenced critical incidents during tutorial the most, which was unequal participation. Nevertheless, different perception was found between students and tutors on factor that hindered discussion which require tutor intervention; students with difficult personality, whereas tutors stated participation imbalance. The other five factors: tutor’s factors, feedback, assessment, quality of scenario, logistics, and scheduling issue were found to have role in critical incidents in tutorial. Tutor’s intervention to critical incidents had been done, even so, further development is needed.Conclusion: Students’ and tutors’ perception on critical incidents were in line in term of the most frequent incidents, but differ in factor that hinder discussion the most and require tutor’s intervention. There were many other factors that influenced critical incidents besides students’ factors. Interventions which had been done by tutors were not adequate in order to overcome arising critical incidents.
Efektivitas Metode Kolaboratif Learning dan Kooperatif dalam Pendidikan Kesehatan Berbasis Komunitas Hariyanti, Tita; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (427.617 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25192

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Background: The role of the learning methods is changing from teacher centered learning to student centered learning (SCL). One of the SCL methods is collaborative and cooperative learning. The past twenty years have seen an increase in collaborative and cooperative learning based pedagogies in colleges, but not in community based health education. The aim of this study is to identify the efectivity of collaborative and cooperative learning in community based health educationMethod: This research used quasi experimental non-randomized control group post test design. Respondent of the research are 111 geriatric cadres of Kecamatan Kepanjen and 72 geriatric cadres of Kecamatan Singosari.Results: Data shows that cadre’s knowledge in first training, 30 and 90 days after first training increased in both groups (p<0,001). There is no relationship between individual characteristic (age, education, occupation, time to work as a cadre, training) and increase of knowledge (p>0,05).Conclusion: Collaborative and cooperative method can increase cadre’s knowledge of stroke effectively and maintain memory retention longer than conventional method.
Faktor-Faktor yang Mempengaruhi Self Directed Learning Readiness pada Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama, Kedua, dan Ketiga di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Hasanuddin dalam PBL Nyambe, Hasan; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Rahayu, Gandes Retno
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (284.561 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25318

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Background: The study explores the factors that affecting the readiness to (self-directed learning readiness) in the context of PBL is still rare, especially when in fact unprepared students in the initiative and the desire for self-learning, a lack of understanding of students on independent learning and interpretation mischaracterized the self-learning (self directed learning) is still frequently encountered. This study aimed to measure simultaneously identify factors that influence student SDLR in the first, second and third at the Medical Faculty of Hasanuddin University.Method: through two stages (sequencing), which combines two research approaches, namely qualitative as the main approach (dominant) and quantitative approaches as facilitators (less dominant). data collection with questionnaires and focus group discussions. The number of subjects quantitative 399 people (143 people from the first year, 152 the second year and 104 people from the third year), while for FGD about 18 people who set out with purposive sampling. Distributing questionnaires carried out in advance to obtain SDLR categories of high, medium and low, followed by FGD each batch by category SDLRnya. The analysis starts with the transcription process then the coding process.Results: This study shows that the average score lowest SDLR owned by First-year students FK UNHAS while the highest SDLR owned by Second year students. Not found SDLR category lower because students have had plenty of experience of active and independent learning that develops steadily. There are several factors that affect SDLR construct the desire to learn, self-control and self-management.Conclusion: Factors that affect SDLR the first year students, second and third in the FK Unhas divided into two, namely: (1) internal factors which consist of physical health, the availability of leisure time, hobby or avocation, self maturity, and intelligence; (2) external factors which consists of the support of family and friends, faculty facilities, problems, relationships between peers, and the influence of parents and friends
DEVELOPING A MODEL OF PROFESSIONAL IDENTITY IN MEDICAL STUDENTS: THE ROLE OF MOTIVATION AND PARTICIPATION Susani, Yoga Pamungkas; Rahayu, Gandes Retno; Sanusi, Rossi; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 3 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (832.261 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.41831

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Background: It is very important to develop professional identity among medical students, as it will affect how they work in the future. Factors affecting professional identity in medical education context need to be explored. This study aimed to develop a model of professional identity in medical students which examine the role of motivation, self-efficacy, personal reflection, social interaction, curriculum in action perceived by students and participation in determining professional identity. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among medical students in Mataram University. A total of 303 pre-clinical (year 1 to 4) and clinical students (year 5 to 6) filled out the questionnaires. Partial least square - structural equation model analysis was performed.Results: The modification model had a good model fit (GoF 0.404). The average path coefficient was 0.303 (p<0.001) and the adjusted average R square was 0.321 (p<0.001). Forty percent of variance in professional identity could be explained by motivation (β=0.51, p<0.001, f2=0.281) and participation (β=0.32, p<0.001, f2=0.118).Conclusions: Motivation and participation of medical students may influence the professional identity. Based on the model, within the medical education processes, academic motivation of students should be maintained and fostered and participation should be supported.