Nasution, Rina Mahyurni
STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

Published : 3 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

The Effect of Work Environment and Behavior on Health Complaints in Female Waste Pickers at Terjun Landfill

Proceeding - Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health Vol 1 No 1 (2018): Sari Mutiara Indonesia International Conference on Health
Publisher : Sari Mutiara Indonesia University Press

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (440.544 KB)

Abstract

Background: Nowadays, female workers are vulnerable to workplace hazards. One of the groups who are highly vulnerable to the exposure of workplace hazards is female waste pickers. This study focused on breathing problems in female waste collectors. The present study aimed to determine the effect of work behavior and work environment on respiratory complaints in female waste pickers at Terjun Landfill in Medan City. Methods: It was a cross sectional study in which the independent variables were work behavior and work environment, while the dependent variable was health complaints, respiratory complaints in particular. Work behavior was measured by collecting the data of protective mask use, while the data of work environment was collected by exploring the concentration level of CH4 and H2S at Terjun Landfill in Medan City. A total of 53 female waste pickers were participated as research sample. The data was analyzed by performing multiple linear regression calculation. Conclusion: It was obtained that there was an effect of work behavior (p=0.047) and concentration level of CH4 (p= 0.000) on respiratory complaints in female waste pickers at Terjun Landfill. However, it was found that H­2S concentration level did not have an effect on respiratory complaints in female waste pickers at Terjun Landfill in Medan City. This study suggests that Sanitary and Park Office of Medan City can work together with related stakeholders to cultivate methane emissions (C­­H4) to become energy source to reduce air pollution at waste landfill, whereas to female waste collectors, this study suggests that they can regularly use protective mask to minimize the risk of hazardous gas at workplace.

Keluhan Gangguan Kulit pada Pemulung Wanita Di Tempat Pembuangan Akhir (TPA) Terjun

Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Desember 2018
Publisher : STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.527 KB)

Abstract

Female scavengers at Terjun Landfill when working are still found who have not used a complete PPE and are still lacking in personal hygiene, this can cause health problems, one of which is complaints of skin disorders such as itching, redness, and burning. The hypothesis in this study is that there is a relationship between working period, personal hygiene, and the use of PPE with complaints of skin disorders in female scavengers at TPA Falls. This research is an analytic observational survey research with cross-sectional approach. The population and sample in this study were all 53 female scavengers carried out at the Terjun Landfill in Marelan, Medan. Analysis of the data used is a multiple linear regression test. The results showed that there was a relationship between personal hygiene (p = 0.022) and PPE use (P = 0.025) with complaints of skin disorders in female dwellers at Terjun Landfill Marelan, while there was no relationship between work expectations with complaints of skin disorders in female scavengers. The results showed the need for cross-sectoral cooperation to improve the health status of scavengers, one of which was by conducting socialization on occupational safety and health, including in terms of personal hygiene at work and the importance of using PPE for scavengers.

Penetapan Kebijakan K3 serta Perencanaan K3 Dan Implikasinya terhadap Kejadian Kecelakaan Kerja di PKS Kebun Rambutan PTPN-III Tebing Tinggi

Jurnal Kesehatan Global Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Edisi Januari
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Kesehatan Masyarakat Institut Kesehatah Helvetia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pendahuluan; Penetapan kebijakan K3 serta perencanaan K3 yang baik akan berkorelasi dengan berkurangnya angka kecelakaan kerja, di beberapa perusahaan di Indonesia kecelakaan kerja masih terjadi meskipun perusahaan telah menetapkan kebijakan K3 dan perencanaan K3, begitupun dengan PKS Kebun Rambutan juga masih terjadi kecelakaan kerja, pada tahun 2014 terdapat 20 kasus kecelakaan kerja tipe ringan, tahun 2015 terdapat 14 kasus kecelakaan kerja tipe ringan, tahun 2016 terdapat 23 kasus kecelakaan kerja, 2 kasus diantaranya merupakan kecelakaan kerja berat. Tujuan; untuk mengetahui penetapan kebijakan K3 serta perencanaan K3 dan Implikasinya terhadap kejadian kecelakaan kerja. Metode; Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian kualitatif yaitu  penelitian yang bertujuan untuk mengetahui secara jelas dan mendalam tentang penetapan Kebijakan K3, perencanaan K3. Informan penelitian ini adalah pihak manajemen yaitu P2K3. Analisis data dilakukan dengan tiga proses yaitu reduksi data, penyajian data, dan penarikan kesimpulan. Hasil; Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penetapan kebijakan K3 sudah terlaksana dengan baik, hal ini terlihat dari komitmen manajemen sebagai pimpinan puncak, sedangkan yang menjadi kendala dalam hal perencanaan K3 sehingga berimplikasi terhadap terjadinya kecelakaan kerja adalah perbedaan persepsi didalam memaknai konsep bahaya. Kesimpulan;  penelitian ini adalah perbedaan didalam memaknai konsep bahaya akan berimplikasi terhadap kejadian kecelakaan kerja olehkarena itu disarankan kepada pihak manajemen PKS Kebun Rambutan untuk melaksanakan sosialisasi secara terus menerus tentang  K3 secara keseluruhan kepada semua pihak.