Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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The Utilization of Fermented Corn Cob by MOIYL on Dry Matter and Organic Matter Digestibility on Local Rabbit ., Noviani; ., Yunilas; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Hanafi, Nevy Diana; Umar, Sayed
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Rabbits are non ruminant herbivores which have forage requirements. The availability of forage is not sustainable throughout the year due to the influence of the season and the lack of agricultural land. In these conditions, making alternative feed is needed as a substitute forage. One alternative animal feed that has the potential and can be utilized is corn cob waste. The study aims to evaluated the value of dry matter and organic matter digestibility of feed containing corn cob fermented by MOIYL on local rabbit. Research conducted at Desa Bandar Klippa Deli Serdang, North Sumatera Province, from January – March 2018. The study used 20 local rabbit with initial weight 404,4 ± 9,14 gram and design experiment used completely randomized design (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatment consisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1=10%, P2= 20, and P3= 30%. Variable measured were consumption of dry matter and organic matter, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter. The results showed that fermented of corn cob with MOIYL provide a significant effect (P<0,01) on level 30% increase dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The conclusion of this study is fermented corn cob by  MOIYL up to  the level 30% can increase the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter on local rabbit. Keywords : corn cob, fermantation ,  MOIYL, digestibility, local rabbit
ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING PUBLIC BEEF CONSUMPTION IN PANDAN SUB-DISTRICT, CENTRAL TAPANULI DISTRICT Siregar, Ismail Fauzi; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Umar, Sayed
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Demands of animal foods from livestock (meat, eggs and milk) over time tends to increase in line with population growth, income, nutrition awareness, and improvement in education levels. But even though it has increased, the level of meat consumption of the Indonesian people is still categorized as very low. This study aims to determine the social and economic characteristics of households and analyze the factors that influence consumption of household beef in Pandan District. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis, namely by observing directly the social and economic conditions of the household, then using a questionnaire to obtain data on the socio-economic conditions of the household. The method of multiple linear regression analysis is used to analyze the factors that influence the consumption pattern of the household beef. The results of the study show that consumers of beef in Pandan Sub-district have different socio-economic characteristics, both in terms of education, age, number of family members and income. The socio-economic characteristics of beef consumers, namely education, age, number of family members and income significantly influence the amount of consumption simultaneously. Age, number of family members and income have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption, while the education variable does not have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption.
Effectiveness of Gambir (Uncariagambir Roxb) on the Performances of Infected Broiler Chickens by Escherichia coli. Manik, Dora Villa; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Ginting, Nurzainah; ., Hasnudi
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Gambir has the potential as an antibacterial which is traditionally used as a drug for diarrhea. This study examines the effectiveness of gambir on performance which includes feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion and income over feed cost (IOFC) in broiler chickens infected with E. coli. It was held in November - December 2017 at the Laboratory of Biology, Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture University of Sumatera Utara, using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment consisted of P0A = without infection and without treatment, P0B = infection with E. coli and P1, P2, P3, respectively E. coli infection + Gambir solution 2%, 4%, 6% and P4 = E. coli + infection Tetracycline antibiotics. The results showed that the administration of gambir solution at a dose of 2% - 6% was significantly (P<0.05) effective in  improving the performances of broiler chickens infected with E.coli and able to compensate for the use of commercial antibiotics in the form of tetracycline. The highest IOFC is in the 4% gambir solution.Keywords: gambir, escherichia coli, broiler performance.
Analysis of Factors Affecting The Demand of Broiler Chicken Meat In Binjai City Nasution, Ummi Hasunah; Mirwandhono, Edhy; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; ., Hasnudi; Daulay, Armyn Hakim
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Sumatera Utara

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Abstract

Consumption of broiler chicken meat increase year by year in line with publicawareness increased of animal products. The demand for broiler chicken meat in Binjai Cityshows a fluctuating increase that estimated by a number of factors that influence it.The purposeof this research was identify the factor of family’s dependent number (X1), educational level(X2), family income (X3), price of broiler chicken (X4), taste (X5), age of respondent (X6), andprice of substitution was egg (X7) to broiler chicken demand in Binjai City.The analysismethod used in this research was multiple linear regression analysis method by using SPSS22.0. Sampling technique with slovin method with the samples were100 consumers of broilerchicken meat. This research was conducted from October until November 2017.The results showed that value of determination (R2) was 0,704. Simultaneously, the variablesshowed that they gave significant effect (P<0,05) to the demand of broiler chicken meat.Partially, family’s dependent number, income, chicken meat’s prices and tastes had asignificant effect to the demand of broiler chickens while the educational level, age ofrespondents and the price of egg did not give significant effect on the demand of broilerchicken meat in Binjai City. The conclusion of this research showed that the taste was the mostsignificant (increase) variable to the demand of broiler chicken in Binjai City and thenfollowed by the family’s dependent number, price of broiler chicken meat and family income.Keywords: Demand, Broiler Chicken, Price, Binjai
Isolation and characteristics of cellulolytic bacteria based on corn waste as a fibrous feed bioactivator Wahyuni, Sri; ., Yunilas; Mirwandhono, Edhy; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Sembiring, Iskandar
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Corn waste is an agricultural product that has the potential to be used as animal feed. The aims of this study was to isolate corn waste bacteria and look for the degradation ability of bacterial fiber of corn waste as a fibrous feed bioactivator. This study was conducted in livestock production laboratory of livestock study program in faculty of agriculture, university of north Sumatra, period March to June 2018. This study used corn waste (corncob, corn straw, corn clobot, corn stalks, and corn root). Research methods used pour plate isolate methods. Parameters observed are macroscopic morphology (colony form, colony color, the edge of the colony , and colony elevesi), microscopic morphology (cell shape and gram coloring), and test the ability to degrade fiber in bacteria.  The isolation result obtained 8 isolates with varied shapes and there are 6 isolates that have ability to degrade fibers in bacteria include B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7. The conclusion of this study were obtained 8 cellulolytic bacteria isolates and B3 has a high potential to degrade the fiber.
The Utilization level of Corn Cob Fermented by MOIYL on Dry Matter and Organic Matter Digestibility on Local Rabbit Noviani, Noviani; Yunilas, Yunilas; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The study aims to evaluated the value of dry matter and organic matter digestibility of feed containing corn cob fermented by MOIYL on local rabbit. Research conducted at Desa Bandar Klippa Deli Serdang, North Sumatera Province, in January – March 2018. The study used 20 local rabbit with initial weight 404,4 gram ± 9,14 and design experiment used completely randomized design (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatment consisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1=10%, P2= 20, and P3= 30%. Variable measured were consumption of dry matter and organic matter, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter. The Results showed that fermented of corn cob with probiotics MOIYL provide a significant effect (P<0,01) increasing corn cob fermented by MOIYL to the level 30% increase dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The conclusion of this study is corn cob fermantation by  probiotics MOIYL till the level 30% can increase the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter on local rabbit.
Effectiveness of Gambir Solution (UncariagambirRoxb) on the Performances of Broiler Chickens were Infected by Escherichia coli. Manik, Dora Villa; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Ginting, Nurzainah; ., Hasnudi
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

DORA VILLA MANIK, 2018. "Effectiveness of Gambir Solution(UncariagambirRoxb) on the Performances of Broiler Chickens Infected byEscherichia coli".Supervised by MA'RUF TAFSIN and ARMYN HAKIMDAULAY.Gambir has the potential as an antibacterial which is traditionally used as a drugfor diarrhea. This study examines the effectiveness of gambir solution onperformance which includes feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversionand income over feed cost (IOFC) in broiler chickens infected with E. coli. It washeld in November - December 2017 at the Laboratory of Biology, AnimalHusbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture University of Sumatera Utara,using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications.The treatment consisted of P0A = without infection and without treatment, P0B =infection with E. coli and P1, P2, P3, respectively E. coli infection + Gambirsolution 2%, 4%, 6% and P4 = E. coli + infection Tetracycline antibiotics. Theresults showed that the administration of gambir solution at a dose of 2% - 6% wassignificantly (P<0.05) effective in improving the performances of broiler chickensinfected with E.coli and able to compensate for the use of commercial antibioticsin the form of tetracycline. The highest IOFC is in the 4% gambir solution.Keywords: Gambir, Escherichia coli, and broiler performance.
Utilization of fermented corn cob flour with "MOIYL" probiotics on local rabbit performance Arswandi, Irianto; ., Yunilas; Umar, Sayed; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The study aims to evaluated thedetermine the effect of gave fermented corncob by probiotic MOIYL to performance of local rabbit. Research conducted at DesaBandar Klippa Deli Serdang and Agriculture Faculty of North Sumatera University, inJanuary – March 2018. The study used design experiment by completely randomizeddesign (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatmentconsisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1 (10% corn cob fermented and 20%unfermented), P2 (20% corn cob fermented and 10% unfermented), and P3 (30% corncob fermented). Variable measured were feed consumption, daily body weight gain,feed conversion ratio and income over feed cost.The results showed that fermented ofcorn cob with probiotics MOIYL provide a significant effect (P<0,05) towards bodyweight gain, consumption and Income Over Feed Cost and does not have an effect (P>0.05) on the value of conversion. The conclusion from the results of this study is theprovision of fermented corn cobs using MOIYL can increase body weight gain,consumption and Income Over Feed Cost, and tend to reduce the value of feedconversion.
Marketing analysed of Kampung Chicken on the Traditional Market of Binjai City Sitanggang, Jun Benardo; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; Sembiring, Iskandar; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the characteristics of farmers, agents and retailers ofkampung chicken marketing, and kampung chicken marketing channels, marketing margins,farmer share, profit ratio, and cost of kampung chicken, as well as analysed the marketingefficiency of kampung chicken in Binjai City. This research was conducted in June 2018 -August 2018. The method used in data collection by using the Jenuh sampling (sensus), whilethe sample of breeders and other marketing institutions with search method. Data collection wascarried out using interview questionnaire techniques.Data analysis included marketing costs, marketing margins, farmer share and cost benefit ratioof each marketing channel. The results of this study indicate that there are two marketingchannels. The marketing margin on channel II shows margin Rp. 15.157,-. the farmer’s inchannel I 76.19% and ratio of profit Rp. 2.4 per kg on channel II. The marketing channel forkampung chicken in the Traditional Market of Binjai City is efficient.
Effect of duration of time and dosage on fermentation of cacao pod by using Indigenous Microorganism YL (MOIYL) Wulandari, Eka; Wahyuni, Tri Hesti; ., Hasnudi; Ginting, Nurzainah; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The main problem with cocoa pod is the high crude fiber content and lowcrude protein. A treatment needed to change the nutritional content, one of which isfermentation. In this study, fermentation used Indigenous microorganisms which wereYL (MOIYL). This research lasted for 3 months which was carried out from July toSeptember 2018 at the Laboratory of Animal Production and the Laboratory of AnimalNutrition Sciences at the Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatra. Theresearch design used was Factorial 4 x 4 Completely Randomized Design (CRD), with 3replications where factor 1 was the various levels of inoculum of Indigenous YL(MOIYL) and factor 2 was the length of fermentation (incubation) with measuredparameters of crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, and ash content using proximateanalysis.The results showed that cocoa pod fermentation using Indigenous YL (MOIYL)microorganisms could improve the quality of nutrient content including the highestwater content with a dose of 3% with a 7 day fermentation of 11.75% and the lowestwithout Moiyl with 21 days fermentation time of 10.02%. highest crude protein with 5%dose with 7 days fermentation of 11.89% and the lowest without Moiyl with 28 daysfermentation of 7.18%, highest crude fat at 5% with 7 days fermentation at 1.33% andthe lowest without Moiyl with 28 days fermentation time is 1.22%, while the highestcrude fiber is 5% with 7 days fermentation of 21.3% and the lowest is 5% with 28 daysfermentation of 23.93%, the highest dry matter is 3% with 7 days fermentation timeequal to 88.24% and the lowest without Moiyl with 7 days long 89.95%, highest ashcontent with d osis 1% with a 7 day fermentation time of 9.52% and the lowest ashcontent without Moiyl with a 7 day fermentation time of 11.17%. The results of thisstudy concluded that cocoa pod fermentation using 5% Indigenous YL (MOIYL)microorganisms and 7 days fermentation time could increase water content, crudeprotein, and crude fat, while crude fiber, dry matter, and ash content decreased.