Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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The Utilization of Fermented Corn Cob by MOIYL on Dry Matter and Organic Matter Digestibility on Local Rabbit

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Rabbits are non ruminant herbivores which have forage requirements. The availability of forage is not sustainable throughout the year due to the influence of the season and the lack of agricultural land. In these conditions, making alternative feed is needed as a substitute forage. One alternative animal feed that has the potential and can be utilized is corn cob waste. The study aims to evaluated the value of dry matter and organic matter digestibility of feed containing corn cob fermented by MOIYL on local rabbit. Research conducted at Desa Bandar Klippa Deli Serdang, North Sumatera Province, from January – March 2018. The study used 20 local rabbit with initial weight 404,4 ± 9,14 gram and design experiment used completely randomized design (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatment consisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1=10%, P2= 20, and P3= 30%. Variable measured were consumption of dry matter and organic matter, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter. The results showed that fermented of corn cob with MOIYL provide a significant effect (P<0,01) on level 30% increase dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The conclusion of this study is fermented corn cob by  MOIYL up to  the level 30% can increase the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter on local rabbit. Keywords : corn cob, fermantation ,  MOIYL, digestibility, local rabbit

ANALYSIS OF THE FACTORS AFFECTING PUBLIC BEEF CONSUMPTION IN PANDAN SUB-DISTRICT, CENTRAL TAPANULI DISTRICT

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Demands of animal foods from livestock (meat, eggs and milk) over time tends to increase in line with population growth, income, nutrition awareness, and improvement in education levels. But even though it has increased, the level of meat consumption of the Indonesian people is still categorized as very low. This study aims to determine the social and economic characteristics of households and analyze the factors that influence consumption of household beef in Pandan District. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis, namely by observing directly the social and economic conditions of the household, then using a questionnaire to obtain data on the socio-economic conditions of the household. The method of multiple linear regression analysis is used to analyze the factors that influence the consumption pattern of the household beef. The results of the study show that consumers of beef in Pandan Sub-district have different socio-economic characteristics, both in terms of education, age, number of family members and income. The socio-economic characteristics of beef consumers, namely education, age, number of family members and income significantly influence the amount of consumption simultaneously. Age, number of family members and income have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption, while the education variable does not have a partial effect on the amount of beef consumption.

Effectiveness of Gambir (Uncariagambir Roxb) on the Performances of Infected Broiler Chickens by Escherichia coli.

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Gambir has the potential as an antibacterial which is traditionally used as a drug for diarrhea. This study examines the effectiveness of gambir on performance which includes feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion and income over feed cost (IOFC) in broiler chickens infected with E. coli. It was held in November - December 2017 at the Laboratory of Biology, Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture University of Sumatera Utara, using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment consisted of P0A = without infection and without treatment, P0B = infection with E. coli and P1, P2, P3, respectively E. coli infection + Gambir solution 2%, 4%, 6% and P4 = E. coli + infection Tetracycline antibiotics. The results showed that the administration of gambir solution at a dose of 2% - 6% was significantly (P<0.05) effective in  improving the performances of broiler chickens infected with E.coli and able to compensate for the use of commercial antibiotics in the form of tetracycline. The highest IOFC is in the 4% gambir solution.Keywords: gambir, escherichia coli, broiler performance.

Isolation and characteristics of cellulolytic bacteria based on corn waste as a fibrous feed bioactivator

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Corn waste is an agricultural product that has the potential to be used as animal feed. The aims of this study was to isolate corn waste bacteria and look for the degradation ability of bacterial fiber of corn waste as a fibrous feed bioactivator. This study was conducted in livestock production laboratory of livestock study program in faculty of agriculture, university of north Sumatra, period March to June 2018. This study used corn waste (corncob, corn straw, corn clobot, corn stalks, and corn root). Research methods used pour plate isolate methods. Parameters observed are macroscopic morphology (colony form, colony color, the edge of the colony , and colony elevesi), microscopic morphology (cell shape and gram coloring), and test the ability to degrade fiber in bacteria.  The isolation result obtained 8 isolates with varied shapes and there are 6 isolates that have ability to degrade fibers in bacteria include B2, B3, B4, B5, B6, B7. The conclusion of this study were obtained 8 cellulolytic bacteria isolates and B3 has a high potential to degrade the fiber.