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Syahri, Yolanda Fitria
Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

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POTENCY OF DREGS COCONUT FERMENTATION (COCOS NUCIFERA) AS AN ALTERNATIVE FEED FOR FISH AND POULTRY 'PA-BIO’ Syahri, Yolanda Fitria; Syahrir, S.
AgroTech Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2016): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v1i1.198

Abstract

People of Kolaka accustomed to using coconuts as well be used as a food supplement or a mixture of additives in processed foods, cakes and other confectionary. Therefore utilizing coconut pulp as feed fish and poultry should be made to minimize the potential for household waste. Feed from coconut pulp is a transfer of science and technology to the people who are expected to help poor people to be productive. Fermentation is one method to process coconut pulp into feed ingredients. The fermentation process is done by using spores of Aspergillus niger. The fermentation process is done in stages, by aerobic fermentation followed by anaerobic fermentation (enzymatic process). In short the process of making feed "PA-BIO" from coconut pulp is: Dregs of coconuts added water, stirred and steamed. Cooled and then stirred together with a mixture of minerals, Aspergillus niger spores are added and stirred again until evenly distributed. The mixture was then fermented aerobically and unaerobically. Dregs fermented and then dried and packaged for later in packing. Based on the results of research that the utilization of coconut dregs as cattle feed and fish is potential. Miskiyah et al. (2006), increase protein content after fermentation of coconut pulp 11.35% to 26.09%, or by 130% and decreased fat content of 11.39%. The results also showed that the feed produced quite safe for livestock, namely the aflatoxin content <20 ppb. Feed from coconut pulp is also good for fish farming. Goenarso et al. (2002) on tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.), the faster fish growth with increasing the feed protein content of 25%, 30%, 35%, 40% and 45%.
EMPOWERMENT OF COCOA FARMERS (THEOBROMA CACAO L.) DURING PRE AND POST-HARVEST IN EFFORT OF QUALITY IMPROVEMENT OF COCOA COMMODITY IN KOLAKA Syahri, Yolanda Fitria; Hastuti, H.
AgroTech Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2067.21 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i2.316

Abstract

Kolaka is known as "Kolaka Cocoa City". Cocoa is the main commodity of Kolaka Regency. Kolaka is one of the cities in Southeast Sulawesi. Southeast Sulawesi is one of the provisions in Sulawesi which is the center of cocoa production after South Sulawesi with total area of 260,458 ha and with production 142,156 tons (Ditjenbun, 2012). Cocoa production centers in southeast sulawesi are located in Latambaga and Samaturu Sub-districts. Partners in the IbM program are cocoa farmers of Induha Urban Village, Latambaga Sub-district and cocoa farmer in Samaturu Sub-district. Various cooperation programs have been conducted to improve the quality of cocoa commodities in Kolaka District. In its development, classical problems remain faced by partner farmers both in terms of production and business management. In terms of production, pre-harvest problems faced by farmers are cocoa pests and diseases, which cause the farmers’ dependence on pesticides and chemical fungicides as well as the age of plants, therefore, it is important to reduce the use of pesticides and chemical fungicides because in the long term it can have adverse impact on environmental sustainability and health. The problem of post-harvest for partner farmers is a low quality of cocoa production. Most cocoa farmers process cocoa fruits to be dried beans in a rough way so that ± 90% of the cocoa beans produced by farmers have a low quality with the main characteristic is not fermented. The problem faced by farmers  in the marketing chain is the oligopsoni market structure, where farmers are at the lowest position so that farmers do not have bargaining position. The objectives of IbM program were to 1) Reduce farmers’ dependence on pesticides and chemical fungicides with the utilization of environmentally friendly pesticides 2) Design the fermentor to improve the quality of cocoa beans 3) Enhance the bargaining position of farmers through the active role of Farmer group (Gapoktan)  in the marketing chain of cocoa
Growth of Pepper Cuttings (Piper ningrum L.) at various type of Plant growth regulator Kasriana, K.; Mustafa, Marlina; Syahri, Yolanda Fitria
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (868.838 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i1.939

Abstract

Pepper is an important crop in Indonesia because it is one of the country's foreign exchange sources because it is one of the export commodities. The availability of good plant materials will support increased production. Provision of growth regulators in vegetative propagation is very influential on the propagation of pepper plants. The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective combination of growth regulators for pepper cutting. This study was conducted using a randomized block design consisting of eight treatments namely Control (P1), metallic 2 mL L-1 water (P2), mastafol 2 mL (p3), Atonik 2 mL (P4), metallic 1 mL + Mastafol 1 mL (P5), metallic 1 mL + atonic 1 mL (P6), mastafol 1 mL + atonic 1 mL (P7), metallic 0.66 mL + Mastafol 0.66 mL + Atonic 0.66 mL (P8). Setek is grown on soil media: fuel husk: manure (2: 1: 1). The results showed that the best  Plant growth regulator  combination treatment for the growth of pepper cuttings was P7 (mastafol 1 mL L-1 water + atonic 1 mL L-1 water), which can be seen in the parameters of the number of roots, root length, root volume and number of shoots. The treatment of  Plant growth regulator  given did not significantly affect the character of leaf growth
Yield Potential Analysis of Cacao Clones in Various Location in East Kolaka Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Asriana, Besse; Mustafa, Marlina; Syahri, Yolanda Fitria
Agrotech Journal Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (783.358 KB) | DOI: 10.31327/atj.v2i1.942

Abstract

The Southeast Sulawesi government has designated Kolaka Timur as one of the cocoa production centers in Southeast Sulawesi. One of the successes of the superior seed assembly business depends on the availability of complete and accurate information about the potential of cocoa to be chosen as elders for subsequent development, so that yield analysis and early selection in the analysis of genetic diversity of smallholder cocoa have been developed in that location. This research was carried out using the Split-Plot Design (RPT). Sampling was carried out in 3 main locations (L) with an area of ± 2 ha, in each of the main locations divided into three plots (P) namely plots one Sulawesi 2 clones, plots two local clones and plots 3 MCC02 clones. A sampling of cacao leaves and fruit was taken as many as 30 samples with three replications per location. The results showed that cocoa which has the potential for good yields to be developed in the East Kolaka Regency based on the analysis of the component production of dry seed weight was the MCC02 cocoa clone with an average of 35.33 grams of fruit (L2P3) respectively. The different locations show different levels of Cacao yield and adaptation