Sudarmanto, Yohanes
Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Published : 3 Documents
Articles

Found 3 Documents
Search

The Risk of Work Posture Did Not Affect on Worker’s Disability Index with Low Back Pain Complaints in PT Muroco Jember Rahmawati, Anis; Sudarmanto, Yohanes; Hasan, Muhammad
Journal of Agromedicine and Medical Sciences Vol 5 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Medical Faculty of Jember University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ams.v5i1.6793

Abstract

The existence of various industrial centers in Jember Regency has an impact on the high absorption of labor coming from the local community, because most of the production activities are still done by using the power / physical strength of man. Low back pain (LBP) is one of the symptoms of musculoskeletal pain in the lower back, not a disease or diagnosis for a disease. The high risk factor of LBP complaints occurring in industrial workers is the work posture. Patients with chronic LBP complaints may experience affective disorders such as depression and psychosomatic disorders that will lead to a poorer prognosis, while also often experiencing disabilities that implicate the quality of life of patients. This study aims to determine the risk of work posture on worker’s disability index with low back pain complaints in PT Muroco Jember. The type of this research is observational analytic with cross sectional research design which conducted on 31 workers of PT Muroco which fulfill the criteria of inclusion and exclusion. The risk of work posture was obtained by employee observation and completion of the modified quick exposure check questionnaire while the disability index was obtained by filling the modified oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire. The result of the Gamma correlation between the two variables is p = 0,135. It shows that there is no correlation between risk of work posture and worker’s disability index with low back pain complaint in PT Muroco Jember.
Pengaruh Kebisingan Terhadap Tekanan Darah dan Nadi pada Pekerja Pabrik Kayu PT. Muroco Jember Mukhlish, Wahyu Ikhwan Nanda; Sudarmanto, Yohanes; Hasan, Muhammad
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 17, No 2 (2018): Oktober 2018
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.121 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.17.2.112-118

Abstract

Latar belakang: Kebisingan merupakan bunyi yang memiliki intensitas di atas batas normal dan dapat mengganggu kesehatan pada orang yang terpapar. Paparan kebisingan terjadi dalam proses produksi pada industri pabrik kayu, sehingga pekerja menjadi pihak utama yang terdampak. Dampak yang terjadi utamanya pada sistem kardiovaskular. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh kebisingan terhadap tekanan darah dan denyut nadi pada pekerja pabrik kayu PT. Muroco Jember.   Metode: Penelitian ini berjenis analitik observasional dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Responden penelitian berjumlah 24 orang yang diambil dengan teknik total sampling. Pengukuran kebisingan menggunakan alat sound level meter. Pengumpulan data karakteristik pekerja menggunakan kuesioner. Responden penelitian diukur sebelum dan setelah bekerja, dengan menggunakan sphygmomanometer air raksa untuk tekanan darah dan penghitungan manual denyut nadi pada arteri brachialis. Analisis data menggunakan uji komparasi paired t-test pada level signifikansi 5%.  Hasil: Intensitas kebisingan dari 4 sektor kerja menunjukkan hasil yang beragam. Intensitas kebisingan terendah pada sektor produksi A yaitu 82,9 dB(A), sedangkan tertinggi pada sektor sawmill B yaitu 98,1 dB(A). Sebagian besar responden (66,7%) berusia 29-40 tahun dengan masa kerja responden (62,5%) kurang dari 2 tahun. Sebanyak 91,7% responden tidak memakai APT pada saat bekerja. Berdasarkan uji komparasi paired t-test, didapatkan pengaruh paparan kebisingan akut antara sebelum dan setelah bekerja terhadap tekanan darah sistolik (p= <0,001), diastolik (p=0,049), dan denyut nadi (p=0,020).Simpulan: Terdapat peningkatan yang signifikan terhadap tekanan darah sistolik, diastolik, denyut nadi antara sebelum dan setelah bekerja dalam paparan kebisingan akut pada pekerja pabrik kayu PT. Muroco Jember. Diperlukan penelitian dengan mengendalikan variabel lain yang mengganggu untuk kesempurnaan penelitian selanjutnya. ABSTRACT Title: The Effect of Noise on Blood Pressure and Pulse Rate in Workers at PT. Muroco Jember Wood FactoryBackground: Noise is a sound that has an intensity above the normal limit and may interfere with the health of the exposed person. Exposure to noise often occurs in the production process at the wood processing factory, so that workers become the main person affected. The impact mainly occurs in cardiovascular system. This study aims to analyze the effect of noise on blood pressure and pulse rate in workers at PT. Muroco Jember wood factory.Method: This is an observational analytic research with cross sectional design. The respondents amounted to 24 people taken with total sampling technique. The measurement of noise intensity was using sound level meter. Data collecting of worker characteristics was using questionnaires. Respondents were measured before and after work, using a mercury sphygmomanometer for blood pressure and manual palpation of pulse rate in the brachial artery. Data was analyzed with paired t-test comparative at 5% significance level.Result: The noise intensity of 4 sectors of the factory showed diverse results. The lowest noise intensity is in production sector A, 82.9 dB (A), while the highest is in sawmill B sector, 98.1 dB (A). Most of the respondents (66.7%) were 29-40 years old with respondents working period (62.5%) were less than 2 years. As many as 91.7% of respondents did not use ear protection device while working. Based on paired t-test, there was an effect of acute exposure between before and after working on systolic blood pressure (p < 0,001), diastolic (p = 0.049), and pulse rate (p = 0.020)Conclusion: There was a significant increase in systolic, diastolic blood pressure, and pulse rate between before and after work in an acute noise exposure in worker at PT. Muroco Jember wood factory. Further research is required by controlling other disturbing variables for a better research.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TERHADAP KEPATUHAN MINUM OBAT PASIEN TUBERKULOSIS PARU FASE LANJUTAN DI KECAMATAN UMBULSARI JEMBER Mientarini, Elita Ismi; Sudarmanto, Yohanes; Hasan, M
IKESMA Vol 14 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : FKM - UNEJ

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/ikesma.v14i1.10401

Abstract

Tuberkulosis (TB) is a infectious disease caused by t Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Indonesia is the second country with highest number of TB cases in the world after India. Medication adherence is essential for successful TB treatment. One of the factors that can influence someone adherence to TB treatment is knowledge and attitude. This study aimed to know the correlation between knowledge and attitude towards the adherence of medication in tuberkulosis pulmonary patient on continuation phase in umbulsari jember. This study was an obsevational analytic using cross sectional with total sample technique method. Data were obtained through questionnaire (knowledge questionnaire, HRHS, and MMAS-8) then analyzed with Spearman correlation test (p= &lt;0,05). The results showed a significant&nbsp; between compliance with knowledge at the level of know with the value of p = 0.041. While the results of the correlation of compliance with knowledge at the level of understanding and application and between attitudes and compliance obtained results not signifikan.