Bidarti, Agustina
Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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SUPPLIER STRUCTURE AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SUPPLIER NETWORK PHASE RICE SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT IN SOUTH SUMATRA bidarti, agustina; Hadi Darwanto, Dwidjono; Hartono, Slamet; Jamhari, Jamhari
AGRARIS: Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development Research Vol 5, No 1: January-June 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the mapping, measure performance, and analyze problems in the structure of rice supply chain management on the supplier network phase in South Sumatra. Afterward, the result of this study is used as the basic consideration to improve the rice supply chain performance on indicators that have problems. Data collection was conducted by direct interview, questionnaire, and observation. This study used descriptive qualitative and several analysis tools as the data such as Supply Chain Operation Reference Model (SCOR), Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP), Objective Matrix (OMAX) and Traffic Light System (TLS). According to the rice supply chain mapping on supplier network phase, there are three rice supply chains. Based on the interview, the farmers’ main problem as the main producers of the rice supply chain in South Sumatra is the limitation of unhusked rice price information in harvesting in the financial flow of rice supply chain. Based on the weighting result by OMAX scoring system, the total index value is 7.28, or in the yellow category which means that the performance of LICM rice- industry company in South Sumatra has not achieved the expected performance in terms of rice supply chain even though the result is close to the pre-determined target.
Studi Empiris pada Pola Sumber Dana untuk Pembiayaan Usahatani Padi di Sumatera Selatan Hamzah, Maryanah; Bidarti, Agustina; Anggraini, Erise; Antoni, Mirza
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Hamzah et al, 2018. Empirical Study on the Pattern of Funding Sources for Rice Farming in South Sumatra. JLSO 7(2):196-203. The objective of the study was to identify the source and size of the financing portion of the rice farming from the loan and the terms and the interest rate charged. The interviews were conducted on 75 samples of rice farmers whose farming costs were partly derived from loans at three different land ecosystems in South Sumatra Province. The three types of ecosystems viz., tidal swamp land, technical irrigation, and swamp land were used in the study.  The results showed that there were seven financing sources that farmers used for fulfill their production cost if they not enough capital. Middlemen was biggest source with a portion of 45.28% and their own costs of 43.52, the rest is relatively small comes from money lenders, families, rice milling units, cooperative and friends. The interest rate charged varies from 3% to 50% per planting season. The lowest interest rate on lending money was to cooperatives and middlemen. However, if farmers borrow from middlemen, they must sell their rice to them. The highest interest rate from money lenders is 50%. All loans were being paid at after harvested time. Only borrow to families and friends were not charged interest and other terms. Farmers were forced to use non-formal lending institutions because banks located far away and they were afraid to come to the bank. It is suggested to reduce the dependence of rice farmers on non-formal lending institutions through developing a more effective agricultural cooperative.