karenina, Tili
Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Pemanfaatan Tumbuhan Liar Berbunga untuk Konservasi Musuh Alami Serangga di Ekosistem Kelapa Sawit di Lahan Sub-Optimal Sumatera Selatan Prabawati, Ghani; Herlinda, Siti; Pujiastuti, Yulia; karenina, Tili
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Prabawati et al, 2017. The Role of Wild Flowering Plants in Conserving Insect Natural Enemies in Lowland Oil-Palm Ecosystem of South Sumatera. JLSO 6(1):78-86.Wild flowering plants can be used in increasing the potential of insect natural enemies on oil palm plantations. This paper inventoried the diversity of natural enemies that interacted with wild flowering plants in the oil palm ecosystem. Wild flowering plants are used as feed sources and living places  which provide alternate hosts for natural enemies, namely predators and parasitoids. Some families of flowering plants associated with  parasitoids in oil palm ecosystem include Euphorbiaceae, Leguminosae, Fabaceae, Acanthaceae, Asteraceae, Polygonaceae, Rubiaceae, Capparidaceae, Lamiaceae, Turneraceae. Some plant species associated with predators in oil palm plantations include Antigonon leptosus, Elephantopus tomentosus, Nephrolepis biserata.
Efikasi Bioinsektisida Bacillus thuringiensis Barliner terhadap Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) pada Tanaman Padi Utama dan Ratun Hanif, Khoirul Ikhsanudin; Herlinda, Siti; Suwandi, Suwandi; Karenina, Tili
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Hanif et al, 2017. Efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis Barliner Bioinsecticide against  Gryllus bimaculatus De Geer (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) in Major Rice Crops and Ratooning Rice. JLSO 6(1):95-105. Crickets (Gryllus bimaculatus) are an important pests on rice that can reduce productivity. The application of Bacillus thuringiensis bioinsecticide is expected to be an alternative methode to control these pest. The objective of the study was to investigate optimal dose of B. thuringiensis in suppressing rice damage was caused by G. bimaculatus. The observation were conducted on rice cultivation in Pelabuhan Dalam Village, Pemulutan Subdistrict of Ogan Ilir Regency. The results showed that application of B. thuringiensis bioinsecticide had significant effects in suppressing rice crop damage by G. bimaculatus, but did not had significant effect on growth of rice plants.
Populasi Serangga Hama dan Artropoda Predator pada Padi Rawa Lebak Sumatera Selatan yang Diaplikasikan Bioinsektisida dari Beauveria bassiana dan Insektisida Sintetik Hanif, Khoirul Ikhsanudin; Herlinda, Siti; Irsan, Chandra; Karenina, Tili; Anggraini, Erise; Suwandi, Suwandi; Susilawati, Susilawati
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 8, No 1 (2019): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Hanif et al, 2019. Population of Pest Insects and Predatory Arthropods Inhabiting Freshwater Swamp Rice of South Sumatra Treated with Bioinsectide of Beauveria bassiana and a Synthetic Insecticide. JLSO (8)1:31-38.Entomopathogenic fungi, Beauveria bassiana, could  kill various species of insect pests, but  their impact on predatory arthropods needs to be studied. The aim of this study was to compare population of pest insects and predatory arthropods inhabiting rice sprayed with bioinsecticide of B. bassiana and conventional rice field using a synthetic insecticides. Bioinsecticide was made from conidia of B. bassiana and sprayed on rice canopy. The plot of conventional farmers was sprayed with synthetic insecticides made from Abamektrin. The results showed that the application of bioinsecticide of B. bassiana was not proven to reduce the pest insect population. The abundance of natural enemies of pest insects, such as  spiders and predatory insects was also more abundant in plots sprayed with  bioinsecticide than conventional plots that used synthetic insecticide. The synthetic insecticides have been shown to reduce the abundance of predatory insects and spiders. Bioinsecticides containing carrier of  liquid compost were proven to increase the growth and development of rice, which was an increase in the number of rice tillers per clump in plots applied by bioinsecticide. Thus, B. bassiana of bioinsecticide with liquid compost carrier material was safer and could maintain the abundance of predatory arthropods and increased rice growth.