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Jarak Rumah Ke Tempat Pembuangan Akhir, Kualitas Fisik Rumah Terhadap Kadar Gas Metana (CH4) Dalam Rumah Di Kelurahan Batulayang Kecamatan Pontianak Utara, Kota Pontianak

Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 19, No 4 (2016)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Humaniora dan Manajemen Kesehatan

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Abstract

Gas that highly produced from decomposition of garbages at fi nal spot waste disposal is methane.Methane gas is one of gases that can cause poisoning and source of air pollutants which cause health problems such as respiratory disorders. The study aimed to determine the relationship between distance and physical qualities of houses with levels of methane gas inside houses surrounding the fi nal spot waste disposal, the TPAS in Batu Layang Village, North Pontianak year 2015., It was an observational study with a cross sectional design. Samples were all, 34 houses around the TPAS in Batu Layang Village. The analysis was by chi-square test. Most inhabitants were educated 60% of elementary and junior high school and 68% labors. More than half, 19 (55.9%) had at the average methane gas levels in houses with high category of 0.25 ppm. The majorities 84.2% distance of houses to the TPAS and house conditions with types of 81.3 % fl oor, 83.3% wall and 66.7% large ventilation were not as the requirements. The types of fl oor and wall that were not as the requirements and distance of houses to the TPAS were risk to methane gas in the house as 8.66 (95%CI 1.76–42.60), 7.22 (95% CI:1.26–41.14), and 4,66 (95% CI 0.94–23.03) times higher than house conditions as the requirements and near distance to the TPAS. Near distance of houses to the TPAS and types of fl oor, wall not as requirements caused methane gas into the houses. Meanwhile large house ventilation was not associated with methane levels in the houses likely because the distance and types of fl oor, wall had more infl uences Inhabitants who live surroundings the TPAS should cover fl oors with rugs and make wall of house from woods with well arranged. Moreover, they should plant shade trees to absorb and reduce gases to gases from the TPAS, especially methane. AbstrakGas yang paling banyak dihasilkan dari proses pembusukan sampah di Tempat Penampungan Akhir Sampah (TPAS) adalah metana. Gas metana merupakan salah satu gas yang dapat menyebabkan keracunan dan sumber pencemar udara sehingga dapat menimbulkan gangguan kesehatan antara lain gangguan saluran pernafasan. Penelitian ini bertujuan menentukan hubungan antara jarak dan kualitas fisik rumah dengan kadar gas metana dalam rumah di sekitar TPAS Kelurahan Batu Layang, Pontianak Utara pada tahun 2015. Jenis penelitian adalah observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Sampel adalah keseluruhan 34 rumah penduduk yang berada di sekitar TPAS Kelurahan Batu Layang. Analisa dengan uji chi-square. Sebagian besar penduduk, 60% berpendidikan SD dan SMP dan 68% sebagai buruh. Lebih dari separuh 19(55,9%) rumah memiliki rata-rata kadar gas metana dalam rumah dengan kategori tinggi 0,25 ppm. Sebagian besar 84,2% jarak rumah dengan TPAS Kelurahan Batu Layang serta kondisi 81,3% lantai, 83,3%, dinding dan 66,7% ventilasi rumah tidak memenuhi syarat. Jenis lantai, dinding rumah yang tidak memenuhi syarat dan jarak rumah yang dekat terhadap TPAS di Kelurahan Batu Layang masing-masing berisiko terpapar gas metana 8,66 (95% CI 1,76–42,60), 7,22 (95%CI: 1,26–41,14), dan 4,66 (95%CI 0,94–23,03) kali lebih besar dibandingkan yang kondisi rumah memenuhi syarat dan jauh terhadap TPAS. Jarak dekat terhadap TPU dan jenis lantai, dinding rumah yang tidak memenuhi syarat memudahkan masuknya gas methane kedalam rumah. Sedangkan luas ventilasi rumah tidak berhubungan dengan kadar metana dalam rumah kemungkinan karena jarak dan jenis lantai, dinding yang lebih berpengaruh. Masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar TPAS seharusnya melapisi lantai dengan karpet dan membuat dinding rumah dari papan yang disusun dengan baik. Selain itu, masyarakat yang tinggal di sekitar TPAS untuk menanam pepohonan yang rindang agar menyerap dan mereduksi gas-gas dari TPAS terutama metana. 

The Effect of Rekattidiri Ovitrap towards Aedes aegypti Larval Density

International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 6, No 1: March 2017
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

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Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) is a health problem in Indonesia. The entire region of Indonesia at risk of contracting dengue disease. The study aims to prove the effect of modifications ovitrap rekattidiri on the density of larvae (HI: House Index, CI: Container Index and BI: Breteu Index) as well as comparing the differences between the mean larvae trapped between ovitrap Rekattidiri with standard ovitrap. Using a quasi experimental design, time series experimental design with Control group. Population subjects were Aedes aegypti at the endemic sites in Pontianak, West Borneo. The results showed larval density index in the intervention area decreased each ie HI from 26% to 3%, CI of 6.95% to 2.19 %, and BI from 29% to 13%. The number of larvae trapped in ovitrap rekattidiri ie 70% (12,770 larvae) more than the standard ovitrap in the control and intervention, namely: 17% (3,057 larvae) and 13% (2,334 larvae). It is concluded that there are significant modifications Rekattidiri ovitrap against larval density index (HI p-value: 0.025, CI p-value: 0.052, BI value of p: 0.04) and there are differences between the mean larvae trapped in ovitrap Rekattidiri and standard ovitrap with p value: 0.001.