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Biosorben cangkang pensi (Corbicula moltkiana) sebagai penyerap zat warna metanil yellow ditinjau dari pH dan model kesetimbangan adsorpsi Zein, Rahmiana; Ramadhani, Putri; Aziz, Hermansyah; Suhaili, Refilda
Jurnal Litbang Industri Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Institution for Industrial Research and Standardization of Industry - Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.781 KB) | DOI: 10.24960/jli.v9i1.4661.15-22

Abstract

Penelitian cangkang pensi (Corbicula moltkiana) sebagai penyerap zat warna metanil yellow telah dilakukan dengan sistem batch. Kondisi optimum penyerapan terjadi pada pH 4 dan konsentrasi awal 100 mg/L. Proses adsorpsi terjadi mengikuti model isoterm Langmuir dengan nilai R2 adalah 0,886 pada monolayer dengan kapasitas adsorpsi maksimum (qmax) diperoleh 2,591 mg/g. Hasil analisis gugus fungsi cangkang pensi dengan FTIR menunjukkan adanya interaksi antara molekul zat warna metanil yellow dan gugus fungsi. Analisis morfologi permukaan cangkang pensi menggunakan SEM menunjukkan bahwa pori-pori cangkang pensi telah diisi oleh molekul zat warna metanil yellow. Cangkang pensi dapat digunakan sebagai bahan penyerap zat warna metanil yellow di dalam larutan. ABSTRACTThe study of the Pensi Shell (Corbicula moltkiana) to adsorb metanil yellow (MY)dyes  has been investigated. This study was determined by batch system. The optimum conditions of metanil yellow dyes adsorption occurred at pH 4 and initial concentration 100 mg/L. The adsorption process was properly described by Langmuir isotherm model which was indicated by the value of R2=0,886. This confirmed that the adsorption process was monolayer with maximum adsorption capacity (qmax) was 2,591 mg/g. Functional groups analysis by FTIR showed the interactions MY molecule on pensi shell functional groups. Analysis of morphology surface of pensi shell by SEM indicated that the pore was filled by MY molecules. Pensi shell could be used as adsorbent of metanil yellow dyes in aqueous solution.
PENENTUAN KANDUNGAN ANTIOKSIDAN DALAM RIMPANG KENCUR YANG DIEKSTRAKSI DENGAN BANTUAN GELOMBANG ULTRASONIK Suhaili, Refilda
CHEMPUBLISH JOURNAL Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Chempublish Journal
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.163 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/chp.v3i2.5769

Abstract

Kaempferia galanga L. rhizome is used a traditional medicine and as seasoning. Kaempferia galanga L. rhizome has many bioactivies beneficial to antioxidant. Extraction of antioxidant by maceration method takes a long time and the extraction process is not perfect so ultrasonic assisted extraction (UAE) are used to accelerate the extraction process. The propose of the research is to extract antioxidant from Kaempferia galanga L. rhizome by UAE and to determinate the antioxidant content by 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrilhydrazyl (DPPH) method. The optimum condition for extraction were 20 mL methanol as the solvent, the weight of sample 1,5 g, and extraction time 60 minutes. The total antioxidant content from Kaempferia galanga L. rhizome extraction by maceration and UAE were 0.6688 ± 0.02 and 0.8126 ± 0.02 mg/g DW. This study also validated the method of determining the total antioxidant content extracted with ultrasonic. The results of the method validation obtained linearity (r) = -0.9984, LoD value = 0.0283 mg/L, LoQ value = 0.0947 mg/L, precision (SDR = 1.97% and HORRAT = 0.96) and percent recovery 103.21%. Based on the method validation value, it can be said that the determination of the total antioxidant content in the kencur rhizome extracted with the help of UAE can be applied.