', Fitmawati
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SKRINING 9 JENIS TUMBUHAN ORDO SAPINDALES DI TAMAN HUTAN RAYA (TAHURA) SULTAN SYARIF HASYIM RIAU YANG BERPOTENSI SEBAGAI TUMBUHAN TERAPEUTIK Mangaratua, Simon; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Sultan Syarif Hasyim (SSH) Forest Park is one of the conservation areas in Riau Province. A total of 125 Spermatophyta species have been previously identified in thisregion. Those species are potencially used as therapeutic agens, especially Sapindales species. This study aimed to identify the Sapindales species from SSH forest park thathas therapeutic potencies based on their phytochemical test (alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, saponins, and tannins). This study had been carried out fromNovember 2013 to February 2014. The sampling method used in this study was an exploration method. Data was descriptively analyzed. The result showed that total of nine Sapindales species from four families were identified. The number of species that positively contained alkaloids, flavonoids, steroids, terpenoids, saponins, and tannins were 7, 3, 6, 2,6 and 4, respectively.
STUDI ETNOBOTANI FAMILI ZINGIBERACEAE DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL DI KECAMATAN SIAK HULU KABUPATEN KAMPAR Auliani, Annisa; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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The local people from Siak Hulu, Kampar have traditional knowledge about the use of plant for medicinal purposes. One of plant family mainly used for medicinal plant is Zingiberaceae. This research aimed to investigate the use of Zingiberaceae for traditional medicine in Siak Hulu, Kampar. This research had been carried out from June 2012 toDecember 2013. A total of four study sites were selected. The herbarium and plant identification were prepared in the Laboratory of Botany, Department of Biology, Facultyof Mathematic and Natural Sciences. The result showed that 10 Zingiberaceae species used by local people in Siak Hulu for traditional medicine were Curcuma Domestica, Zingiberofficinale, Kaemferia galanga, Alpinia galanga, Zingiber cassumunar, Zingiber Americans, Alpinia zerumbet, Alpinia conchigera, Zingiber officinale var. rubrum. All of the specieswere herb type. It was also found that the common way in using the medicinal plant was by being pounded.
KARAKTERISASI MORFOLOGI PISANG BATU (Musa balbisiana Colla) DI KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI Prayogi, Slamet; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Musa balbisiana Colla in Kuantan Singingi Regency can survive from the disease which causes banana in many other areas disappeared. Currently, there is no information about the diversity of M. Balbisiana from Kuantan Singingi. The purposesof this study were to record, to characterize, and to measure the diversity of M. balbisiana from Kuantan Singingi based on morphological characters. M. balbisiana Colla plants was sampled from three locations in Kuantan Singingi, they were Pangean, Cerenti, and Inuman. Morphological characters of M. balbisiana were analyzed using 88 characters. Analysis of UPGMA was conducted to find out the diversity of M.Balbisiana. We found six M.balbisiana cultivars, namely Aceh, Bungo, Kara, Jambi, Nipah, Beluluk. Similarity coefficient values between six banana cultivars ranged from 63%-89%. Cluster analysis based on 88 morphological characters of M. balbisianaproduced dendogram with 2 primary groups at percentage of similarity values of 66%.
IDENTIFIKASI TUMBUHAN ANTIDIABETES BERDASARKAN ANALISIS KUANTITATIF ASAM TANAT ', Trina; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Diabetes mellitus is a condition where the blood glucose is higher than normal condition. This condition will damage tissues in human body, and is usually caused by free radicals or by the decrease of the antioxidant defence activity. Tannic acid (tannin) is a member of antioxidant and antidiabetic agents. Antidiabetic plants used by the people are commonly unknown about their amount of tannic acid content. This study was aimed to investigate antidiabetic plants by analyzing its tannic acid content quantitatively. These compounds were compared with commercial antidiabetic drug. The determination of total tannic acid content in the plants was conducted using Folin Ciocalteu method. The results showed that the tannic acid consisted of antidiabetic drug, jackfruit bark, gambier sap, raru bark, jengkol bark, capo leaf, and sipait leaf with concentration of 21.01, 29.98, 40.95, 51.01, 51.84, 59.70 and 60.16 mg/g, respectively. The tannic acid content in the six antidiabetic plants were higher than those of commercial antidiabetic drug, therefore all of the tested plants is potential as antidiabetic drug.
STUDI ETNOBOTANI DALAM BUDAYA KULINER MELAYU RIAU DI KABUPATEN SIAK DAN UJI FITOKIMIA Supriani, Susi; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam

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Ethnobotany is the study of human and plant relationships such as the use of plants in culinary. However, the study of culinary herb in Indonesia including Siak, Riau Province, is still limited. The purposes of this research were to identify the plant species used in Siak Culinary and to test their phytochemical compounds. This research was conducted from Desember 2013 to Februari 2014. The sampling method used in this study was the purposive sampling method. All of the main plants used in Siak culinary were tested for their phytochemical compounds. The results showed that a total of 49 species were used in Siak Culinary, 31 species were cooked before being consumed while 18 species were freshly consumed. The phytochemical test showed that 16 species contained alkaloid, 14 species contained flavonoid, 41 species contained saponin, and 24 species contained tanin.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN KEKERABATAN CEMPEDAK (Artocarpus champaden Lour.) BERDASARKAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR PROVINSI RIAU Andani, Via; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Wisuda Februari 2015
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Kampar is one of the regency in Riau Province that has high diversity of cempedak (Artocarpus champaden Lour.). The diversity of cempedak in Kampar have not been reported, researched and characterized morphologically. This research was aimed to analyze the diversity of cempedak cultivars from various regions. This study had been conducted from September to Desember 2013, using exploration method. A total of 51 morphological characters from 30 individuals were observed and scored and then analyzed using NTSYSpc 2.02 and Minitab 16.0. Four cempedak cultivars identified in this study were Bubur (6 individuals), Hutan (14 individuals), Langkat (5 individuals), and Nangkadak (5 individuals). The coeffisien similarity were range from 0.23 to 0.72. The dendogram shows two main group, first group consist of 29 individuals, such as Bubur (5 individuals), Hutan (14 individuals), Langkat (5 individuals) and Nangkadak (5 individuals); the second group consisted of 1 individu (Bubur cultivar). Main group analysis showed that plant clustered is not based on the origin. Furthermore pearsoncorrelation analysis on 51 characters showed that there are positive correlations between 40 characters, and negative correlations between 6 characters.
ANALISIS HUBUNGAN KEKERABATAN DURIAN (Durio zibethinus Murr.)BERDASARKAN PENANDA MORFOLOGI DI KABUPATEN KUANTAN SINGINGI Baroroh, Nasri; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
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Durian (Durio zibethinus Murr.) is one of tropical fruit belongs to Bombacaceae family that has high economic value. Kuantan Singingi District one of durian distribution areas in Riau Province which has high diversity of durian. The purpose of this study was to identify the diversity of durian in Kuantan Singingi District. This study had been conducted from August 2013 to February 2014. Sampling was done using purposive random sampling and observation on morphological characters. Morphological data was analyzed by SIMQUAL and UPGMA procedures using the program NTSYS-pc. 2:02 and followed by correlation analysis, variability and principal components using Minitab 16:13. From a total of 32 individuals of durian, the similarity coefficient was ranged from 23% to 64%. The dendrogram formed two main groups that clustered based on the similarity of morphological characters. Pearson correlation analysis obtained 14 characters of 61 characters which were positively correlated with each other with the level of confidence was >98%. Result of principal component analysis formed two groups with 30% of the diversity value.
POTENSI LIMBAH SAGU (Metroxylon sp.) DI KECAMATAN TEBING TINGGI BARAT KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MERANTI SEBAGAI SUBSTRAT PENGHASIL BIOGAS Anuar, Khaidir; Zul, Delita; ', Fitmawati
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari 2014
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Biogas is one of alternative energy sources that fulfills future fuel needs. This studyaimed to analyse the potency of sago waste as fermentation substrate for biogasproduction. This research was done experimentally by employing sago waste materialsobtained from Sago Factory Nambus River from District West Tebing Tinggi Sub-province Meranti and fresh cow rumen liquid was obtained from slaughterhouse inPekanbaru. The biogas volume was calculated by measuring the volume of water thatwas pushed every 3 days, where the volume of water driven was proportional to thevolume of biogas produced. The bacterial cell numbers was counted using plate countmethod employing Nutrient Agar (NA). The substrate fermentation temperature and pHwere measured every 3 days. The highest biogas volume was produced by fermenter III(45760 ml) containing solid sago waste, liquid sago waste, and rumen liquid with ratio 1: 1 : 1 and the lowest was produced by fermenter II (1600 ml). The total bacterialinvolved in biogas production ranges from 1,87x10 5 – 2,87x10 8 CFU/ml samples. Thetemperature and pH of substrate fermetation was relatively constant during biogasproduction. The results showed that sago waste is potential as substrate for biogasproduction.
EFEKTIVITAS PERENDAMAN TERHADAP NILAI KEKUATAN UYUNG SAGU (Metroxylon sagu) ASAL PULAU PADANG BERDASARKAN KARAKTER SERAT Riyani, Tiara Maulidza; ', Fitmawati; Iriani, Dyah
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
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Padang island is one of the islands that has the high Sago germplasm (Metroxylon sagu) in Kepulauan Meranti, Riau Province. This region has abundant sago bark waste called sago uyung but it has not been used properly. Sago uyung potentially produce a strong and termite resistant wood that can be used as handcraft raw material. This study aimed to analyze the effectiveness of wood soaking in three water types to the strength of uyung spined-sago of Padang island based on fiber characters. The uyungs of spined-sago were collected from three different habitats of sago, i.e. peat habitat, transition zone of peat and clay habitat as well as clay habitat, and treated in three water types, i.e. peat, sea and fresh water. The measurement and observation of fiber characters used a maseration method. This result showed that based on the treatments, uyung that soaked on the sea water gave the best result due to the longest and widest fiber. Moreover, based on the types of habitat, uyung from the transition zone of peat and clay habitat had the longest and widest fiber. The interaction of uyung from the transition zone of peat and clay habitat with sea water soaking was more effective in producing a strong sago uyung.
IDENTIFIKASI DAN UJI FITOKIMIA EKSTRAK ALAMI TANAMAN ANTIUROLITHIASIS Oktari, Tami; ', Fitmawati; Sofiyanti, Nery
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
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In Indonesia, medicinal plants have been used to treat several diseases including kidney stone disease (urolithiasis). Urolithiasis is caused by the accumulation of substances inhuman urine that will form a stone, which consists of solid microlite. This stone can grow bigger if it is not treated. The kidney stone problem is the third problem after urine tract and prostate infection. Therefore, it is necessary to find out the treatment for this disease, including by using the potential plants for antiurolithiasis such as Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Hibiscus tilliaceus, Sonchus arvensis, Sida rhombifolia, Strobilanthus crispus, and Tristaniopsis whiteana. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of six medicinal plants in dissolving kidney stones using in vitro methodand to identify their secondary metabolites that have the best potential as antiurolithiasis agent. Two tests were caried out, i.e. phytochemical test and in vitro test for detecting plant extract activity in disolving kidney stone. The extract used was pure extract. The kidney disolving test was performed at 37°C for 3 hours with 15 minutes agitation. The result of phytochemical test showed that Sonchus arvensis and Sida rhombifolia had the highest secondary metabolite content. The in vitro assay showed that all of six tested plants could disolve kidney stone. Two species (Hibiscus tilliaceus and Sonchusarvensis) gave the lowest weight of kidney stone, however there was no significant difference in each treatment (P>0,05).