Hidayati, Siti Aisyah
Master of Management, Mataram University

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Journal : JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL

PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN HUTANG PADA USAHA KECIL DAN MENENGAH (UKM) DI PULAU LOMBOK: SUATU PERSPEKTIF BEHAVIORAL FINANCE

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 8, No 1 (2019): JMM Maret 2019
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to find out what factors determine decision making of debt and what are the most dominant factors in  decision making of debt for SMEs on the island of Lombok.  This research is an explanatory research with quantitative approach. The population is all SMEs located in Lombok island. The sample is selected by Non probability sampling technique with a judgment sampling method where the SMEs that selected as samples are SMEs in handicraft industry of pottery and already exporting the products. Of the existing population, there are 25 (twenty five) SMEs that can be sampled. Respondents in this study are managers who also the owner of the SMEs. Data was collected using questionnaire. To achieve the research objectives, the data obtained will be processed according to needs using Factor Analysis.The results of this study indicate there are three groups of factors that determine  decision making of debt, namely the First Factor Group consists of: Variable Excessive Optimism, Variable Overconfidence, Variable Confirmation Bias and Variable Aversion to sure loss. This factor is named Factor Overconfidence. The Second Factor Group consisted of Representativeness Variables, Avaibility Variables and Anchoring and Adjustment Variables. This factor is named the Avaibility Factor. The third factor group consists of Affect Variables and Aversion Loss Variables. This factor is named the Factor of Loss Aversion. The most dominant factor in determining debt decision making for SMEs in Lombok Island is the Overconfidence factor group consisting of Variable Excessive Optimism, Variable Overconfidence, Variable Confirmation Bias and Variable Aversion to sure loss .Keyword:Behavioral finance, decision making of debt, SMEs

BEHAVIORAL FINANCE DAN PENGARUHNYATERHADAP PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN HUTANG (Studi Pada Usaha Kecil Dan Menengah (UKM) di Pulau Lombok )

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JMM Maret 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze: 1) The effect of overconfidence against debt decision-making on SME’s, 2) The Effect of the illusion of control against debt decision-making on SME’s, 3) The effect of availability against debt decision-making on SME’s.This research is a research-based approach to quantitative, with this type of research is explanatory research. The population of the research was all SME’s that are located on the island of Lombok. The technique of sampling done with Non probability sampling, i.e. using judgement sampling i.e. selecting SME’s engaged in pottery industry and already exports. Of the population, there are 35 (thirty five) SME’s which can be taken as a sample. The respondents in this study was a financial manager at the same time as the owner of each such SME’s. Data collection techniques used in this research is to use the question form. To achieve the research objectives and hypothesis testing, then the data acquired will be processed according to your needs by using statistical tools GSCA (Generalized Structured Component Analysis).The results showed: 1) Overconfidence has no significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by owner Managers, 2) Illusion of Control has significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by the SME owner managers, 3) Avaibility has no significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by the SME owner managers. This shows the SME’s managers in the selection of a rational debt as a source of funding. The rational attitude effected by the characteristics of respondents who was the Manager of the SME’s owner, i.e., the age of majority SME’s managers are still productive ranged from 37 to 54 years of age, mostly female, with a level of education mostly high school and college graduates, as well as long time effort over 10 years. Keywords: overconfidence, illusion of control, avaibility, decision making of debt

BEHAVIORAL FINANCE DAN PENGARUHNYATERHADAP PENGAMBILAN KEPUTUSAN HUTANG (Studi Pada Usaha Kecil Dan Menengah (UKM) di Pulau Lombok )

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 1 (2018): JMM Maret 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This research aims to analyze: 1) The effect of overconfidence against debt decision-making on SME’s, 2) The Effect of the illusion of control against debt decision-making on SME’s, 3) The effect of availability against debt decision-making on SME’s.This research is a research-based approach to quantitative, with this type of research is explanatory research. The population of the research was all SME’s that are located on the island of Lombok. The technique of sampling done with Non probability sampling, i.e. using judgement sampling i.e. selecting SME’s engaged in pottery industry and already exports. Of the population, there are 35 (thirty five) SME’s which can be taken as a sample. The respondents in this study was a financial manager at the same time as the owner of each such SME’s. Data collection techniques used in this research is to use the question form. To achieve the research objectives and hypothesis testing, then the data acquired will be processed according to your needs by using statistical tools GSCA (Generalized Structured Component Analysis).The results showed: 1) Overconfidence has no significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by owner Managers, 2) Illusion of Control has significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by the SME owner managers, 3) Avaibility has no significant effect on decision-making on debt undertaken by the SME owner managers. This shows the SME’s managers in the selection of a rational debt as a source of funding. The rational attitude effected by the characteristics of respondents who was the Manager of the SME’s owner, i.e., the age of majority SME’s managers are still productive ranged from 37 to 54 years of age, mostly female, with a level of education mostly high school and college graduates, as well as long time effort over 10 years. Keywords: overconfidence, illusion of control, avaibility, decision making of debt

Pengaruh Likuiditas Dan Leverage Terhadap Financial Distress Pada Perusahaan Perdagangan, Pelayanan Jasa Dan Investasi Yang Terdaftar Di BEI Tahun 2016-2017

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 3 (2018): JMM September 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This study aimed to examine the effect of liquidity as measured by current ratio and leverage as measured by debt to equity ratio toward financial distress in trade, services and investment companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX).This study is considered the causative research. The sample is all trade, services and investment companies listed on the Stock Exchange in 2016 until 2017. The sample was determined by the method of purposive sampling, to obtain a sample of 32 companies. Types of data used are secondary data obtained from the Indonesian Capital Market Directory and www.idx.co.id. The method of analysis used is logistic regression analysis.Based on the results of logistic regression analysis with a level of 5 percent, liquidity has a negative effect on financial distress in the companies and leverage has a positive and significant effect on financial distress in the companies. Based on the results of this research, it can be used as a corrective action before it develops into severe financial distress and lead to bankruptcy.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh likuiditas yang diukur dengan current ratio dan leverage yang diukur dengan debt to equity ratio terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan perdagangan, pelayanan jasa dan investasi yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia.Penelitian ini tergolong penelitian kausalitas. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh perusahaan perdagangan, pelayanan jasa dan investasi yang terdaftar di BEI tahun 2016 sampai 2017 sebanyak 134 perusahaan. Sampel penelitian ini ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling, sehingga diperoleh 32 perusahaan sampel. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari Indonesia Capital Market Directory dan www.idx.co.id. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi logistik.Berdasarkan hasil analisis regresi logistik dengan tingkat signifikansi 5 persen, likuiditas berpengaruh negatif terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan, dan leverage mempunyai pengaruh positif terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, disarankan bagi perusahaan agar dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pertimbangan dalam melakukan tindakan-tindakan perbaikan sebelum financial distress berkembang menjadi parah dan menyebabkan kebangkrutan.Keywords:Bankruptcy; Financial Distress; Leverage; Liquidity.

MENTAL ACCOUNTING DAN DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP KINERJA PERUSAHAAN MELALUI PENEMPATAN MODAL KERJA PADA USAHA KECIL DAN MENENGAH DI PULAU LOMBOK

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 16, No 1 (2016): JRM MARET 2016
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This study aims at analyzing: 1)  the effect of mental accounting on placement of funds  for working capital in small- and middle-scale business, 2) the effect of  placement of funds  for working capital on company performance in small-and middle-scale business, and 3) the effect of mental accounting on company performance through placement of funds  for working capital in small- and middle-scale business.The population of this study was all the small- and middle-scale businesses in Lombok Island. Samples were collected by using judgment sampling of non probability sampling. The samples taken were the small- and middle-scale businesses of pottery industry which have exported their goods. The respondents were the managers and owners of small- and middle-scale businesses. The method of data analysis employed in this study was Generalized Structured Component Analysis.                The finding of this study showed that  mental accounting is rational by nature and have significant effects on company performance through placement of funds for working capital in small-and middle-scale business.This phenomenon is grounded from the fact that most managers and owners of those small- and middle-scale businesses are men who are on their productive age, and have more than 10 years of experience.  The placement of funds for working capital is shown by the efficiency of cash, receivable  and inventory management which in turn improve the company performance. Keywords: mental accounting, working capital, company performance

PENGARUH PROFITABILITAS TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN DENGAN PENGUNGKAPAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) SEBAGAI VARIABEL PEMODERASI Studi Empiris Pada Perusahaan Pertambangan yang Terdaftar di Jakarta Islamic Index Periode 2010 - 2017

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JMM Juni 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze how the influence of profitability on company value and how the influence of profitability on company value with CSR disclosure as a moderating variable. With the purposive sampling method, there are four samples of mining sector companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index for the period 2010-2017. Data is processed using SPSS version 23. The analysis technique in this study uses simple linear regression and Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). MRA is used in this study to analyze CSR Disclosure as a variable that moderates the effect of the independent variable Profitability on the dependent variable Company Value.The result of the research which has been done by using multiple linear regressions shows that profitability has significant and positive influence to the firm value. Meanwhile, the analysis of moderating variable with the interaction test method of MRA shows that the disclosure of corporate social responsibility does not moderate the influence of profitability on the firm value.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bagaimana pengaruh profitabilitas terhadap nilai perusahaan dan bagaimana pengaruh profitabilitas terhadap nilai perusahaan dengan pengungkapan CSR sebagai variabel pemoderasi. Dengan metode purposive sampling, didapatkan empat sampel perusahaan sektor pertambangan yang terdaftar di Jakarta Islamic Index periode 2010 – 2017.  Data diolah menggunakan SPSS versi 23. Teknik analisis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan regresi linier dan Moderated Regresion Analisys (MRA). MRA digunakan di dalam penelitian ini untuk menganalisis Pengungkapan CSR sebagai variabel yang memoderasi pengaruh antara variabel independen Profitabilitas pada variabel dependen Nilai Perusahaan. Hasil penelitian dengan regresi linear berganda menunjukkan bahwa profitabilitas berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap nilai perusahaan. Sedangkan analisis variabel moderating dengan metode uji interaksi MRA menunjukkan bahwa pengungkapan corporate social responsibility tidak memoderasi pengaruh profitabilitas pada nilai perusahaanKeywords:Profitabilitas, ROA, Nilai Perusahaan, Tobin’s Q, Pengungkapan CSR

PENGARUH LIKUIDITAS DAN LEVERAGE TERHADAP FINANCIAL DISTRESS PADA PERUSAHAAN PERDAGANGAN, PELAYANAN JASA DAN INVESTASI YANG TERDAFTAR DI BEI TAHUN 2016-2017

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JMM Juni 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This study aimed to examine the effect of liquidity as measured by current ratio and leverage as measured by debt to equity ratio toward financial distress in trade, services and investment companies listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX).This study considered the causative research. The population in this study are all trade, services and investment companies listed on the Stock Exchange in 2016 until 2017. The sample was determined by the method of purposive sampling, to obtain a sample of 32 companies. Types of data used is secondary data obtained from the Indonesian Capital Market Directory and www.idx.co.id. The method of analysis used is logistic regression analysis.Based on the results of logistic regression analysis with a significance level of 5 percent, liquidity has a negative effect toward financial distress in the companies and leverage has a positive and significant effect toward financial distress in the companies. Based on the results, it is suggested for the company, it can be used as consideration in performing corrective actions before it develops into severe financial distress and lead to bankruptcy. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh likuiditas yang diukur dengan current ratio dan leverage yang diukur dengan debt to equity ratio terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan perdagangan, pelayanan jasa dan investasi yang terdaftar di Bursa Efek Indonesia.Penelitian ini tergolong penelitian kausalitas. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh perusahaan perdagangan, pelayanan jasa dan investasi yang terdaftar di BEI tahun 2016 sampai 2017. Sampel penelitian ini ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling, sehingga diperoleh 32 perusahaan sampel. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari Indonesia Capital Market Directory dan www.idx.co.id. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis regresi logistik.Berdasarkan hasil analisis regresi logistik dengan tingkat signifikansi 5 persen, likuiditas berpengaruh negatif terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan, dan leverage mempunyai pengaruh positif terhadap financial distress pada perusahaan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, disarankan bagi perusahaan agar dapat digunakan sebagai bahan pertimbangan dalam melakukan tindakan-tindakan perbaikan sebelum financial distress berkembang menjadi parah dan menyebabkan kebangkrutan.Keywords: Bankruptcy; Financial Distress; Leverage; Liquidity.

PENGARUH PROFITABILITAS TERHADAP NILAI PERUSAHAAN DENGAN PENGUNGKAPAN CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) SEBAGAI VARIABEL PEMODERASI (STUDI EMPIRIS PADA PERUSAHAAN PERTAMBANGAN YANG TERDAFTAR DI JAKARTA ISLAMIC INDEX PERIODE 2010 – 2017)

JMM UNRAM - MASTER OF MANAGEMENT JOURNAL Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JMM Juni 2018
Publisher : Master of Management, Mataram University

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze how the influence of profitability on company value and how the influence of profitability on company value with CSR disclosure as a moderating variable. With the purposive sampling method, there are four samples of mining sector companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index for the period 2010-2017. Data is processed using SPSS version 23. The analysis technique in this study uses simple linear regression and Moderated Regression Analysis (MRA). MRA is used in this study to analyze CSR Disclosure as a variable that moderates the effect of the independent variable Profitability on the dependent variable Company Value.The result of the research which has been done by using multiple linear regressions shows that profitability has significant and positive influence to the firm value. Meanwhile, the analysis of moderating variable with the interaction test method of MRA shows that the disclosure of corporate social responsibility does not moderate the influence of profitability on the firm value. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis bagaimana pengaruh profitabilitas terhadap nilai perusahaan dan bagaimana pengaruh profitabilitas terhadap nilai perusahaan dengan pengungkapan CSR sebagai variabel pemoderasi. Dengan metode purposive sampling, didapatkan empat sampel perusahaan sektor pertambangan yang terdaftar di Jakarta Islamic Index periode 2010 – 2017.  Data diolah menggunakan SPSS versi 23. Teknik analisis dalam penelitian ini menggunakan regresi linier dan Moderated Regresion Analisys (MRA). MRA digunakan di dalam penelitian ini untuk menganalisis Pengungkapan CSR sebagai variabel yang memoderasi pengaruh antara variabel independen Profitabilitas pada variabel dependen Nilai Perusahaan. Hasil penelitian dengan regresi linear berganda menunjukkan bahwa profitabilitas berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap nilai perusahaan. Sedangkan analisis variabel moderating dengan metode uji interaksi MRA menunjukkan bahwa pengungkapan corporate social responsibility tidak memoderasi pengaruh profitabilitas pada nilai perusahaanKeywords : Profitability, ROA, Firm Value, Tobin’s Q, CSR Disclosures