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Kinerja Faktor Produksi Kopi Arabika (Coffea arabica L.) di Lembah Gumanti, Kabupaten Solok, Sumatera Barat Putri, Afrianingsih; Yusmani, Yusmani; Paloma, Cindy; Zakir, Zelfi
Industria: Jurnal Teknologi dan Manajemen Agroindustri Vol 7, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Agro-industrial Technology, University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Abstrak Produk agroindustri komoditi kopi memiliki prospek untuk dikembangkan di pasar domestik dan internasional. Namun, untuk pengembangkan sektor tersebut masih mengalami berbagai masalah mulai dari ketersediaan bahan baku hingga saat produk dipasarkan. Pasokan bahan baku kopi harus didukung oleh produksi kopi. Pemilihan dan kombinasi penggunaan faktor produksi secara optimal dan efisien menentukan jumlah produksi kopi. Namun, saat ini masih ada petani kopi yang belum mengoptimalkan penggunaan faktor produksi. Kabupaten Solok sebagai salah satu daerah penghasil kopi Arabika di Sumatera Barat dan Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti adalah penghasil kopi utama di daerah tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis faktor yang memengaruhi produksi kopi Arabika dengan metode survei pada 30 petani kopi yang dipilih secara acak sederhana. Variabel yang digunakan dalam penelitian yakni jumlah produksi, produktifitas, penggunaan pupuk urea, modal, pengalaman berusaha tani dan tenaga kerja. Penelitian menggunakan data primer dan sekunder yang kemudian dianalisis secara kuantitatif dengan menggunakan model fungsi Cobb Douglass. Hasil analisis menyatakan variabel produktifitas, modal dan tenaga kerja dengan nilai koefisien masing-masing 0,981; 2,279 dan 3,140 berpengaruh terhadap produksi kopi. Variabel umur tanaman dan penggunaan pupuk urea  dengan koefisien 0,098 dan 0,131 berpengaruh positif sedangkan pengalaman berusaha tani dengan koefisien -0,290 berpengaruh negatif tapi variabel tersebut tidak signifikan.Kata kunci: agroindustri, kopi, faktor produksi Abstract Agroindustry product that has the potential to be developed in the domestic and international market is the coffee commodity. This commodity has various problems such as the availability of raw materials, product marketing, and other issues. The supply of coffee raw materials must be supported by coffee production. With selecting and combining production factors optimally can determine coffee production. However, in reality, coffee farmers still cannot optimize the use of production factors. Lembah Gumanti district at Solok regency is one of the Arabica coffee producers in West Sumatra. This study aims to determine the factors that affect Arabica coffee production. The method used is a survey method with a sample of 30 coffee farmers selected by simple random sampling. Variables used in this study is total production, land area, the use of urea fertilizer, capital, farmer experience, and labor. The data collected are primary and secondary data which then analyzed quantitatively by using Cobb Douglass function model. The analisys showed that productivity, capital and labor variables have a significant effect on coffee production with coefficients of 0.981; 2.279 and 3.140. Plant age variables and the use of urea fertilizer have a positive impact with a coefficient value of 0.098 and 0.131 while the farmer experience variable has a coefficient of -0.290 and not have a significant impact on coffee production.Keywords: agroindustry, coffee, production factor 
Pengaruh Orientasi Kewirausahaan Terhadap Kinerja Produk Pada Agroindustri Kopi di Kota Bukittinggi Putri, Afrianingsih; Hariance, Rika; Nofialdi, Nofialdi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 6, No 1 (2017): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Putri et al, 2017. The Effect of Entrepreneurship Orientation on  Product Performance of Coffee Agroindustry in Bukittinggi. JLSO 6(1):1-6.Succes of business development determined by the entrepreneur ability to develop ideas and search for business opportunities. Creativity in developing ideas is one of the most quality an entrepreneur should have in order to achieve business success. Entrepeneur can be achieve the quality if the have a clear orientation toward product and market. The purpose of this study is to detemermine the effect of entrepreneurship orientation on product performance of coffee agroindustry in Bukit tinggi. Sample for this study was token randomly as much as 30 coffee agroindustry in city of Bukit tinggi. The data were analized using regression analysis with independent variables of entrepreneurship orientation while the dependent variable was product performance. The result shows that variables include entrepreneurship orientation : goal, product creation, innovation and risk simultaneously affect the product performance. However, partially only innovation ability affect the product performance.