Rudyarti, Edwina
Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga

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THE CORRELATION OF CHEMICAL EXPOSURE AND PERSONAL HYGIENE WITH IRRITANT CONTACT DERMATITIS AMONG WORKERS IN THE PRODUCTION WORKER Rosanti, Eka; Rudyarti, Edwina; Diwa, Mochammad Azel Putra Sunda
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.648 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V2.I1.2018.8-13

Abstract

Background: The production process at PT. X using oxalic acid as a mixture of Gum Rosin and Turpentine. Oxalic acid is corrosive and toxic and readily oxidized by water and oxygen that can cause irritation, rashes, burns, and damage to the skin and can cause irritant contact dermatitis. Irritant contact dermatitis cases reached 85% in the workplace. This is caused by direct exposure to chemicals, lack of attention to hygiene, sanitation and the lack of use of personal protective equipment. Purpose: This study aimed to study the correlation of chemicals exposure and personal hygiene with the incidence of irritant contact dermatitis on production workers of PT. X. Methods: This was a quantitative research with cross-sectional approach. The population was 35 workes of PT. X. The sampling technique used total sampling, while data analysis by using  Pearson Correlation test. Results: The test results showed that there was a significant correlation between the exposure of the chemical with the occurrence of irritant contact dermatitis with p value = 0.047, whereas the correlation between personal hygiene with the incidence of irritant contact dermatitis with p value = 0.202 (insignificant). Conclusion: the exposure of chemicals significantly correlate with the occurence of contact dermatitis among the workers, while the personal hygiene had no correlation with the occurrence of irritant contact dermatitis of workers.
THE CORRELATION OF PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT SOCIALIZATION TOWARD THE CHANGING OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH BEHAVIOR OF MUSICAL INSTRUMENT CRAFTSMEN Hamdani, Muhammad Zakwan; Rudyarti, Edwina; Phuspa, Sisca Mayang
Journal Of Vocational Health Studies Vol 2, No 1 (2018): July 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Vocational Education, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.61 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jvhs.V2.I1.2018.14-19

Abstract

Background: Cultural conditions K3 in the industry Small Medium Enterprises (SME) craftsmen of traditional musical instruments is low only use 2 personal protective equipment that is protective mask and gloves. The condition can lead to accidents then exerts dissemination of the importance of personal protective equipment in order to minimize accidents. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the correlation between the socialisation of the importance of personal protective equipment (PPE) and the OSH behavior (knowledge and attitude toward the importance of PPE. Method: This was a quantitative research with Experimental approach. Craftsmen working population was taken as a respondent (24 workers). Data was taken by using a questionnaire and checklist. Related Data analysis used T-Test. Results: The results of this study scores showed the value of  p = 0.00 (p <0.05), which means that there were significant changes between the socialization of personal protective equipment and behavioral changes K3 workers craftsmen of traditional musical instruments industry in Paju District of Ponorogo. Further research is needed to study the behavior of K3 in the industry small medium enterprises on the other with the number of more samples and compare it to other industry small medium enterprises as well as a variable that has not been studied. Conclusion: Socialization of personal protective equipment can boost of knowledge and attitude for the workers to always use personal protective equipment in each work.