Lizar, Rivaldi Fadhlul
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Evaluasi Nilai Nutrisi dan Karakteristik Complete Feed Berbahan Dasar Ampas Sagu dengan Teknik Fermentasi Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Penggunaan bahan pakan yang berasal dari limbah pertanian dan industri pertanian merupakan salah satu usaha untuk menekan biaya pakan. Penelitian tentang nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu dengan teknik berbeda telah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam Banda Aceh. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 pelakuan dan masing-masing perlakuan terdiri atas 5 ulangan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah P1 kontrol (Complete feed tanpa penambahan SBP dan tanpa fermentasi), P2 (ampas sagu difermentasi dengan SBP selama 14 hari kemudian dicampur menjadi Complete feed dan difermentasi hingga 21 hari), dan P3 (ampas sagu + Complete feed kemudian difermentasi menggunakan SBP selama 21 hari). Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah kandungan bahan kering, serat kasar, protein kasar, lemak kasar, abu, BETN, serta karakteristik fisik pakan berupa tekstur, warna dan bau. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa teknik fermentasi mempengaruhi nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu.  Evaluation of nutritive Values and Physical Charakteristics Complete Feed Based on Sago Residues by Application Different Technique FermentationAbstract. Utilization of feed coming from agricultural and agro-industrial by products is one of the efforts to reduce feed cost. The study about evaluation of nutritive values and physical characteristics complete feed based on sago residues by application different technique fermentations was conducted at Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. The experiment was designed by using completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments in this study were P1 as control (complete feed without fermentation), P2 (first sago residue was fermented for 14 days, then mixed with complete feed and fermented for 21 days), P3 (sago residue and complete feed were mixed and fermented for 21 days). Parameters observed in this study were dry matter, crude fiber, crude protein, crude fat, ash and N-free extract. In conclusion, different of technique fermentation influenced nutritive values and physical characteristic of fermented complete feed on the basis of sago residues.