Mundiastuti, Luki
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Daya Terima dan Uji Kekenyangan pada Bakso yang disubtitusi Jantung Pisang dan Modified Cassava Flour (Mocaf) Saroh, Siti Mei; Mundiastuti, Luki
Amerta Nutrition Vol 2, No 2 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.699 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v2i2.2018.155-162

Abstract

Background: One of the efforts to reduce the prevalence of obesity is by increasing the consumption of dietary fiber. Dietary fiber can reduce weight, because it can enhance satiety and prevent excessive calorie consumption. Banana and Modified Cassava Flour (mocaf) are source of fiber . The substitution of banana blossom and mocaf in the meatball-one of favorite food is expected to be one of alternative solution of a healthy and fiber-rich food to reduce the prevalence of obesity.                                                                                                  Objective: The purpose of this research was to determine the acceptability , and Satiety study of banana blossom and mocaf meatball .Methods: The first stage of the study using a factorial crossed design, 3 best formulas were selected from 7 formulas by 3 professional panelists, then the best 3 formulas were selected by 25 untrained panelists. At the satiety test stage using a cross-over trial design. Subjects were students Universitas Airlangga Students, age criteria 12-25 years, BMI 18.5-28 kg.Results: The best formula was F3 in terms of acceptance value and dietary fiber content. There was no significant difference in hunger after meal (p=0.122) on both test foods. There was no significant difference in satiety feeling after meals (p=0.080).Conclusion: There was no significant difference for hunger and satiety between the F3 meatballs substituted with 20% banana blossom and 10% mocaf with control meatballs. This is due to insufficient fiber content to give a satiety effect.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Salah satu upaya untuk menurunkan prevalensi obesitas adalah dengan peningkatan konsumsi serat pangan yang dapat meningkatkan kekenyangan dan mencegah konsumsi kalori berlebih. Subtitusi jantung pisang dan tepung mocaf yang kaya serat pada bakso yang digemari masyarakat, diharapkan bisa menjadi alternatif makanan yang sehat dan kaya serat untuk mengurangi prevalensi obesitas.Tujuan: Mengetahui daya terima, dan uji kekenyangan terhadap produk bakso Jantung Pisang dan tepung mocafMetode: Penelitian tahap pertama menggunakan rancangan percobaan faktorial menyilang, 3 formula terbaik dipilih dari 7 formula oleh 3 panelis terlatih, selanjutnya 3 formula terbaik dipilih oleh 25 panelis tidak terlatih. Pada tahap uji satiety menggunakan desain cross-over trial. Subjek adalah mahasiswa Universitas Airlangga, umur 12-25 tahun, IMT antara 18,5-28 kg/m2. Penelitian cross-over trial dilakukan pada 14 subjek yang sehat yang memenuhi kriteria. Masing-masing 200 g Bakso biasa (F0) dan bakso modifikasi diberikan saat waktu sarapan pada hari yang berbeda. Penilaian hunger dan satiety diambil dengan kuisioner Visual Analog Scale (VAS).Hasil: Formula terbaik adalah F3 ditinjau dari daya terima dan kandungan serat. Tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan dalam rasa lapar setelah makan (p=0,122) pada kedua makanan uji. Tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan rasa kenyang setelah makan (p=0,080).Kesimpulan : Tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan untuk rasa lapar dan rasa kenyang antara Bakso F3 yang disubtitusi 20 % jantung pisang dan tepung 10 % tepung mocaf dengan bakso kontrol. Hal ini terkait kandungan serat pada bakso modifikasi (F3) yang tidak cukup untuk memberikan efek kekenyangan. 
DAYA TERIMA DAN ZAT GIZI PANCAKE SUBSTITUSI KACANG MERAH (PHASEOLUS VULGARIS L) DAN DAUN KELOR (MORINGA OLEIFERA) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF JAJANAN ANAK SEKOLAH[Acceptability and Nutrient Content of pancake Substituted with Red Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L) and Moringa Leaves (Moringa oleifera) as an Alternative Snack for School Aged Children] Heluq, Dinda Zhara; Mundiastuti, Luki
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 13, No 2 (2018): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.122 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v13i2.133-140

Abstract

Nutritional problems among school aged children are still found in Indonesia. This problems caused by poor eating habit, such as the low consumption of vegetables and high consumption of snacks which only contain the high energy, fat, and sugar yet low in protein and micro nutrients. Improving the quality of snacks can be conducted to overcome the nutrition problems. This research was aimed to analyze the effect of substitution of red beans and moringa leaves to the acceptance and nutrient content (protein and calcium) in pancakes. This was an experimental study with the Completely Randomized Design. Five with repetitions with three formulas, i.e., a control formula and two modifi cation formulas (substituted with red beans and moringa leaves). The untrained panelist were 30 students of the fi fth-grade elementary school. Data was analyzed by Friedman and Wilcoxon Sign Rank (α=0.05) tests. The acceptance level demonstrated that the F1 was the most preferred formula by the panelists. There were no signifi cant differences in the aroma, fl avour, and texture (p>0.05) between formulas. Nonetheless, there was a signifi cant difference in color (p<0.05) between F0 and F1. The laboratory test showed that the protein and calcium content per 100 g of the F1 were, 5.27 g (7% higher than the F0) and 254,8 mg (304% higher than the F0) respectively. The F1 was the chosen formula because it had better acceptability and nutrient content than the control formula. The best acceptance, but also had. Thus, it is potential to become an alternative snack for school aged children.
Konsumsi Zat Gizi pada Balita Stunting dan Non-Stunting di Kabupaten Bangkalan Azmy, Ulul; Mundiastuti, Luki
Amerta Nutrition Vol 2, No 3 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.037 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v2i3.2018.292-298

Abstract

Background : Foods consumed by under five children determine their growth and development in the future. The lack of nutrient intake can lead to several nutritional problems, including stunting.Objectives: This research aimed to analyze nutrient consumption of stunted and non-stunted children aged 24 - 59 month in Bangkalan.Methods: This was an observational study with case-control design, conducted in Banyuajuh, Kramat, and Pejagan sub-district in Bangkalan district. The research sample consist of 48 children aged 24 - 59 month selected through simple random sampling. Data were collected using three-times food recall 24H non-consecutive days.Results: Majority of stunting children have low levels energy, fat, protein, carbohydrate, zinc and iron intake. While non-stunted chidren, have adequate nutrients intake. There was significant correlation between nutritional status (H/A) with intake of total energy (p = 0.015; OR = 4.048), protein (p = 0.012; OR = 1.6), fat (p = 0.002; OR = 1.7), carbohydrate (p = 0.014; OR = 1.7), and zinc (p = 0.026; OR = 1.7). But, none in iron consumption (p = 0.066).Conclusions : The results showed that non-stunted children have better nutrients intake compare to the stunted children. Moreover the results also showed significant correlation between consumption of total energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate,and zinc with nutritional status (HAZ), but not significantly corelated with iron intake.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang : Makanan yang dikonsumsi anak usia balita menentukan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan di masa yang akan datang. Kurangnya konsumsi zat gizi dapat menyebabkan beberapa masalah gizi, salah satunya yaitu stunting.Tujuan : Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis konsumsi zat gizi pada balita stunting dan non-stunting usia 24 – 59 bulan di Kabupaten Bangkalan.Metode : Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan desain case control. Penelitian dilaksanakan di desa Banyuajuh dan desa Kramat Kabupaten Bangkalan. Sampel pada penelitian ini berjumlah 48 balita yang berusia antara 24 – 59 bulan dan dipilih secara acak. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode recall selama 3 hari.Hasil :  Sebagian besar balita stunting memiliki tingkat konsumsi energi, lemak, protein, karbohidrat, seng, dan zat besi pada kategori kurang. Sedangkan pada balita non-stunting sebagian besar memiliki tingkat konsumsi zat gizi yang cukup. Terdapat hubungan status gizi dengan asupan energi (p = 0,015; OR = 4,048), protein (p = 0,012; OR = 1,6), lemak (p = 0,002; OR = 1,7), karbohidrat (p = 0,014; OR = 1,7), seng (p = 0,026; OR = 1,7), dan tidak ada hubungan zat besi (p = 0,066) dengan status gizi.Kesimpulan : Balita non-stunting memiliki tingkat konsumsi zat gizi yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan balita stunting. Terdapat hubungan antara asupan energi, protein, lemak, karbohidrat, dan seng dengan status gizi (TB/U), dan tidak ada hubungan antara asupan zat besi dengan status gizi (TB/U).
Aktivitas Fisik Saat Istirahat, Intensitas Penggunaan Smartphone, dan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Anak SD Full day School (Studi di SD Al Muslim Sidoarjo) Ramadhani, Sakinah; Mundiastuti, Luki; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 2, No 4 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.608 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v2i4.2018.325-331

Abstract

Background: obesity prevalence in elementary school student increased due to low physical activity rate also excessive food intake. The habit of watching tv, using computer and smartphone is also related to this obesity prevalence.Objective: Analyze physical activity at recess, intensity of smartphone use, and incidence of obesity among students at Full Day Elementary SchoolMethod: Using a case control with 110 elementary school children consisting of two groups, namely the normal nutritional status group of 55 respondents and the obesity status group of 55 respondents.Sampling was done by propotional random sampling. This study will compare physical activity at rest, and the intensity of smartphone use on obesity status and normal nutritional status. Analysis of this study data using chi-square test and logistic regression.Results : The results showed that there was a relationship between physical activity during the first break with obesity (p=0.010) and an OR value of 0.059 with a 95% CI (0.011-0.509) which meant that students who did physical activity first break by sitting at risk 0.059 times less to be obese. As for physical activity at the second rest (p=0.748), intensity of smartphone usage during weekdays (p=0.225), and intensity of smartphone use when there was no correlation with the incidence of obesity.Conclusion: Physical activity at the first break was related to the incidence of obesity in elementary school children Full Day School. As for the second resting activity, the intensity of smartphone usage during weekdays and weekends is not related to the incidence of obesity in elementary school children Full Day School.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Peningkatan obesitas disebabkan kurang melakukan aktivitas fisik dan kelebihan asupan makanan. Kebiasaan menonton tv, bermain komputer, dan smartphone yang dikaitkan dengan prevalensi obesitas saat ini.Tujuan:  Menganalisis hubungan aktivitas fisik saat istirahat dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone, pada anak dengan status obesitas dan status gizi normal di SD Full Day School.Metode: Mengunakan case control dengan 110 anak Sekolah Dasar yang terdiri dari dua kelompok yaitu kelompok status gizi normal sebanyak 55 responden dan kelompok status obesitas sebanyak 55 responden. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan propotional random sampling. Penelitian ini akan membandingkan aktivitas fisik saat istirahat, dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone pada status obesitas dan status gizi normal. Analisis data penelitian ini menggunakan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara aktivitas fisik saat istirahat pertama dengan obesitas (p=0,010) dan didapatkan nilai OR sebesar 0,059 dengan CI 95% (0,011-0,509) yang berarti bahwa siswa yang melakukan aktivitas fisik istirahat pertama berisiko 0,059 kali lebih kecil untuk mengalami obesitas. Sedangkan untuk aktivitas fisik saat istirahat kedua (p=0,748), intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekdays (p=0,225), dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekend (p=0,246) tidak terdapat hubungan dengan kejadian obesitas.Kesimpulan: Aktivitas fisik saat istirahat pertama berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak SD Full Day School. Sedangkan untuk aktivitas istirahat kedua, intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekdays dan weekend tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak SD Full Day School.
Perbedaan Kadar Zinc Rambut dan Asupan Makan pada Balita Stunting dan Non-Stunting di Puskesmas Wilangan Kabupaten Nganjuk Kristiani, Ririn; Mundiastuti, Luki; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 3, No 1 (2019): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (843.585 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v3i1.2019.24-32

Abstract

Background: Chronic nutritional problems that occur in the world and Indonesia is stunted. Deficiency of nutrient intake is one of the direct causes of stunted. Zinc deficiency can cause growth failure, decreased appetite and failure of motor development. Zinc hair concentration is more appropriate to describe zinc status in the past and easier implementation, the handling is simpler and concentration is more sensitive.Objectives: Analyzing differences of zinc hair concentration and food intake (energy , protein, zinc and iron) on stunted and non-stunted at Wilangan Health Center.Methods: This was analytic observational with cross sectional study. Total of samples was 23 stunted toddlers and 23 non-stunted toddlers. Samples were taken randomly. Body height data using mikrotoice, zinc hair concentration with Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry, food intake with 3x24 hours food recall and questionnaire interviews. Data were analyzed by chi-square, independent t-test and logistic regression.Results: There was differences in hair zinc levels (p = 0.039), energy intake (p = <0.001), protein intake (p = <0.001), zinc intake (p = <0.001) and iron intake (p = 0.003).Conclusions: There was difference betwen low zinc hair levels, energy, protein, zinc and iron intake in toodlers stunted and non-stunted.  Hair zinc levels, energy, protein, zinc and iron intake in toodlers stunted was lower than non-stunted at Wilangan Health Health Center.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Permasalahan gizi kronis yang terjadi di dunia dan Indonesia salah satunya adalah stunting. Kurangnya asupan zat gizi merupakan salah satu penyebab langsung terjadinya stunting.  Defisiensi zinc dapat menyebabkan kegagalan pertumbuhan, penurunan nafsu makan dan kegagalan perkembangan motorik. Kadar zinc rambut lebih tepat untuk menggambarkan status zinc pada masa lampau dan pelaksanaan yang lebih mudah, penanganan lebih sederhana dan konsentrasinya lebih peka.Tujuan: Menganalisis perbedaan kadar zinc rambut dan asupan makan (energi, protein, zinc dan zat besi) pada balita stunting dan non-stunting di Puskesmas Wilangan.Metode: Rancangan yang digunakan yaitu observasional analitik dengan case control design. Jumlah sampel 23 balita stunting dan 23 balita non-stunting. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan secara acak. Data tinggi badan menggunakan mikrotoice, kadar zinc rambut dengan metode Spektrofotometri Serapan Atom, asupan makan dengan food recall 3x24 jam dan wawancara kuesioner. Data dianalisis dengan uji chi-square (kadar zinc rambut), dan t-test dependen (asupan makan).Hasil: Terdapat perbedaan kadar zinc rambut (p=0,039), asupan energi (p=<0,001), asupan protein (p=<0,001), asupan zinc (p=<0,001) dan asupan zat besi (p=0,003) pada balita stunting dan non-stunting.Kesimpulan: Terdapat perbedaan kadar zinc rambut, asupan energi, protein, zinc dan zat besi balita stunting dan non-stunting. Kadar zinc rambut, asupan energi, protein, zinc dan zat besi pada balita stunting lebih rendah dibandingkan balita non-stunting di wilayah Puskesmas Wilangan.
Hubungan Durasi Tidur dengan Kejadian Overweight dan Obesitas pada Tenaga Kependidikan di Lingkungan Kampus C Universitas Airlangga Damayanti, Rachmania Eka; Sumarmi, Sri; Mundiastuti, Luki
Amerta Nutrition Vol 3, No 2 (2019): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (328.544 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v3i2.2019.89-93

Abstract

Background: One of the many nutritional problems experienced by adults is obesity. Obesity can be influenced by various factors including short sleep duration. This often happens to the office worker community.Objectives: This research aim’s to analyze relationship between sleep duration with overweight and obesity among education staff in Campus C of Universitas Airlangga.Method: This study was using case control design. The case group was education staff with BMI ≥23 kg/m2 and the control group was education staff with BMI <23 kg/m2 and not pregnant as inclusion criteria. The sample was 80 people, divided into the case group was 40 people and the control group was 40 people. Samples were taken purposively. Dependent variables were overweight and obesity while the independent variable was sleep duration. Data was tested using logistic regression.Results: In the case group, 50% of participants were included in the Obese I, while in the control group, 92.5% of the participants were included in the normal category.  In the case group that had short sleep duration (<7 hours of 95% while in the control group had enough sleep duration (7-9 hours) of 92.5%. There was significant correlation between short sleep duration with overweight and obesity (p<0.001; OR=7.70).Conclusion: The short sleep duration is related to overweight and obesity among educational staff in the Campus C of Universitas Airlangga. Sleep duration (<7 hours) has a risk of 7.702 times higher for being overweight and obesity than those who have enough sleep (7-9 hours).The shorter of sleep duration, the greater risk occurrence of overweight and obesity.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Masalah gizi yang banyak dialami orang dewasa salah satunya adalah obesitas. Obesitas dapat dipengaruhi oleh berbagai faktor antara lain pendeknya durasi tidur. Hal tersebut sering terjadi pada masyarakat pekerja kantor.Tujuan: Penelitian dilakukan untuk menganalisis hubungan antara durasi tidur dengan kejadian overweight dan obesitas pada tenaga kependidikan di Lingkungan Kampus C Universitas Airlangga.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain case control. Kelompok kasus adalah tendik dengan IMT ≥23 kg/m2 dan kelompok kontrol adalah tendik dengan IMT <23 kg/m2 serta tidak sedang hamil sebagai kriteria inklusi. Besar sampel yaitu 80 orang dibagi menjadi kelompok kasus 40 orang dan kelompok kontrol 40 orang. Sampel diambil secara purposive. Variabel dependent adalah overweight dan obesitas sedangkan variabel independent adalah durasi tidur. Data diuji menggunakan regresi logistik.Hasil: Pada kelompok kasus yang termasuk kategori Obese I sebesar 50% sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol yang termasuk kategori normal sebesar 92,5%. Pada kelompok kasus yang memiliki durasi tidur pendek (< 7 jam) sebesar 95% sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol yang memiliki durasi tidur cukup (7-9 jam) sebesar 92,5%. Adanya hubungan antara pendeknya durasi tidur dengan kejadian overweight dan obesitas (p<0,001; OR=7,70).Kesimpulan: Pendeknya durasi tidur berhubungan dengan kejadian overweight dan obesitas pada tenaga kependidikan di lingkungan Kampus C UNAIR Surabaya. Durasi tidur yang kurang (<7 jam) memiliki risiko 7,702 kali lipat lebih tinggi untuk menjadi overweight dan obesitas dibandingkan mereka yang memiliki durasi tidur cukup (7-9 jam). Semakin pendek durasi tidur, maka risiko kejadian overweight dan obesitas semakin besar.