Qurbaniah, Mahwar
Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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Eksperimen Sains Berbasis Kreasi Warna Alami Sebagai Inovasi dalam Pembelajaran Biologi Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Awaliyah, Nurdianti
Al-Khidmah Vol 1, No 2 (2018): AL-KHIDMAH (Desember)
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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Pengabdian telah dilakukan untuk guru biologi SMA di Kabupaten Kubu Raya yang bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan guru biologi dalam proses pembelajaran dengan metode eksperimen. Dalam hal ini proses pembelajaran Biologi Biologi Teknologi Kelas XII Biologi SMA. Belajar Bioteknologi adalah pembelajaran dengan menggunakan makhluk hidup (enzim, bakteri) dalam proses pembuatan produk seperti pembuatan keju yang dalam layanan ini keju akan dibuat menggunakan pewarna alami yang dapat kita temukan setiap hari. Pewarna alami yang digunakan adalah kelopak rosella (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) untuk menghasilkan daun suji merah (Dracaena Angustifolia) untuk menghasilkan hijau dan wortel (Daucus Carota) untuk menghasilkan warna oranye pada keju. Metode implementasi layanan terdiri dari tiga tahap, termasuk tahap persiapan, fase implementasi dan fase evaluasi.
Pencarian Pengobatan Infeksi Menular Seksual Pada Wanita Penjaja Seks Tidak Langsung Abrori, Abrori; Qurbaniah, Mahwar
Jurnal Vokasi Kesehatan Vol 5, No 1 (2019): JANUARI 2019
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Pontianak

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Abstract: Treatment Seeking Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI’s) On In Indirect Female Sex Workers. Women Indirect Sexual Workers (WPSTL) are women who operate covertly as commercial sex sellers indirectly peddling sex. They belong to the high risk group in cases of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and Acquired Immune Defciency Syndrome (HIV & AIDS). The purpose of this study was to find out the explanation, causes and search for STI treatment in women of indirect sex peddlers in the city of Pontianak. The method of this research is analytic observational, cross sectional research design sampling with medical records. A sample of 101 were measured for identification, search, treatment for STIs with questionnaire, to diagnose STIs by taking a vaginal secrete by laboratory testing. Data were analyzed by Univariate and Bivariate analysis using non-parametric statistics using the Chi-Square test. The results showed that the relationship between the number of customers and the diagnosis of STIs in peddlers indirect sex p-Value 0.241, condom use with customer p-value 0.346. Reasons for treatment p-Value 0,000. long time being a sex worker p-Value 0.091. vaginal douching p value 0.245. Use of antibiotic p-value 0.004. Suggestions for outreach officers further enhance the promotion of condom use and policy makers that the use of antibiotics for single doses is better reviewed considering that STIs are still high, and potential antibiotic drug resistance.Abstrak: Pencarian Pengobatan Infeksi Menular Seksual Pada Wanita Penjaja Seks Tidak Langsung. Wanita Pekerja Seksual Tidak Langsung (WPSTL) yaitu wanita yang beroperasi secara terselubung sebagai penjaja seks komersial secara tidak langsung menjajakan seks. Mereka termasuk kelompok risiko tinggi dalam kasus Infeksi Menular Seksual (IMS),Human immunodefciency Virus (HIV) dan Acquired lmmuno Defciency Syndrom (HIV&AIDS). Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui Idenfkasi, Penyebab dan Pencarian Pengobatan IMS Pada Wanita Penjaja Seks Tidak Langsung di Kota Pontianak. Metode penelitian ini adalah Observasional analitik,rancangan penelitian Cross Sectional pengambilan sampel dengan catatan medik. Sampel sejumlah 101 yang diukur tingkat identifkasi, pencarian, pengobatan mengenai IMSdengan kuesioner, untuk mendiagnosis IMS dengan pengambilan secrit vagina dengan diuji laboratorium. Data dianalisis secara Univariat dan Bivariat dengan analisa yang digunakan statistik non parametrik dengan uji Chi-Square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hubungan antara jumlah pelanggan dengan diagnosa IMS pada wanita penjaja seks tidak langsung p-Value 0,241, penggunaan kondom dengan pelanggan p-value 0,346. Alasan berobat p-Value 0,000. lama menjadi pekerja seks p-Value 0,091. douching vagina p value 0,245. Penggunaan antibiotic p-value 0,004. Saran untuk petugas outreach lebih meningkatkan promosi penggunaan kondom dan pengambil kebijakan bahwa penggunaan antibiotic untuk dosis tunggal lebih baik ditinjau kembali mengingat IMS masih tinggi, dan potesial resistensi obat antibiotik.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KESADARAN METAKOGNISI DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN KIMIA KELAS XI SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 KETAPANG Mustapa, Mustapa; Cawang, Cawang; Qurbaniah, Mahwar
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 5, No 2 (2017): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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ABSTRACT This study aimed at describing the students’ metacognitive awareness in Chemistry learning, at finding out the correlation of metacognitive awareness and learning outcomes, and at finding out the correlation of indicators of metacognitive awareness and learning outcomes in Chemistry subject of grade XI SMA Muhammadiyah 1 Ketapang. The subjects of this study were 32 science class students. The methodwas descriptive correlational method. The instrument was a metacognitions questionnaire (MCQ) developed by Schraw and Dennison (1994), and modified by the writer. The results showed that the students metacognitive awareness in Chemistry was bigger than other category (43,75%). There was a positive correlation of students’ metacognitive awareness and learning outcomes by 0.933 coefficient value. The result of correlation of indicators of metacognitive awareness and students learning outcomes indicated that the monitoring comprehension indicators contributed major influence to students’ learning outcomes by 0.894 coefficient of determination value. In conclusion, there’s significant correlation of students’ metacognitive awareness and learning outcomes by 0.933 ofcorrelation coefficient value. In addition, the dominance of students’ metacognitive awareness isat a developing stage(62,5%), and the most influential indicator is monitoring comprehension indicator (0,894).Keywords : metacognitive awareness, learning outcomes
DESKRIPSI KEMAMPUAN MULTIREPRESENTASI PADA MATERI LAJU REAKSI SISWA KELAS XI IPA SMA MUHAMMADIYAH 1 KETAPANG Wahyudi, Widi; Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Sartika, Rody Putra
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 6, No 1 (2018): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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The purpose of this study was to describe the symbolic, the microscopic, and the macroscopic levels of multi representation skills on Reaction Rate class among Science students of the eleventh grade of SMA Muhammadiyah Ketapang. The subjects of this study were 30 eleventh grade Science students of SMA Muhammadiyah ketapang. The data collection techniques were interview and test. The study reveals a number of findings. First, the symbolic level of multi representation skills of the first question was 86,5% (excellent), the second question was 59,22% (average), and the third question was 66% ( good). In other words, the students’ skill on symbolic level of multi representation is considered good by 70,57%. Second, the students’ skill on macroscopic level of multi representation on question number four is considered excellent by 83,86%, question number five is considered average by 68,57%, and question number six is considered very good by 77,14%. Overall, the students’ skill on macroscopic level of multi representation is very good by 76,52%. Last, the students’ skill on microscopic level of multi representation on question number seven is considered average by 52,86%, question number eight is considered poor by 36,14%, and question number nine is considered poor by 34,71%. In conclusion, the students’ skill on microscopic level of multi representation is below average by 41,25%.Keywords: Description, Multi Representation Skills, Reaction Rate
PENGARUH METODE PRAKTIKUM BERBASIS PROBLEM BASED LEARNING TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR DAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA PADA MATERI KELARUTAN DAN HASIL KALI KELARUTAN KELAS XI IPA MAN 2 FILIAL PONTIANAK Fatimah, Fatimah; Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Kurniati, Tuti
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 4, No 2 (2016): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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ABSTRACTThis study investigated to determine the effect of problem based on practical to the students’learning outcomes and science process skill on Solubility and Solubility Product Constant materials at grade XI of Science class, MAN 2 FILIAL Pontianak. Using pre experimental and one-group pretest post-test designs, this study employed grade XI students of Science class. The data collection technique used were measurement and observation. While the instruments utilized were pre-test, post-test, and science process skill test. The results of learning outcomes analysis of pretest, post-test, and science process skill test by using Wilcoxon (SPSS 17,0 for windos) and run with an alpha level of .05 (5%) revealed that this test rejected Ho and accepted Ha (P value (0,00) < (0,05). The Effect Size (ES) of learning outcomes was 3,53 and considered high. The Z table contributed significant influence of 49,98%. Furthermore, the Solubility Product Constant indicated 2,90 and considered high, as well. The Z table contributed significant influence of 49,81%. As a result there was correlation of problem based on practical to the students’ learning outcomes and science process skill on Solubility and Solubility Product Constant materials.Keywords: learning outcomes, problem based on practical to the students’ learning outcomes, science process skill
KOMPARASI MODEL PEMBELAJARAN INKUIRI TERBIMBING DENGAN INKUIRI BEBAS TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA PADA MATERI HUKUM KEKEKALAN MASSA KELAS X MIPA SMA NEGERI 1 PONTIANAK Erikko, Daniel; Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Kurniati, Tuti
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 6, No 1 (2018): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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This research aimed to know students’ comparison between the process skills of science using controlled inquiry and free inquiry learning X grade at MIPA SMA Negeri 1 Pontianak. This research was based on the importance of the students’ skill in the learning process of the scientific chemical to encourage students to be active in the learning process. Using quasy experimental method of nonquivalent control group design. Data collection techniques used were observation and measurement techniques. The data collecting tools were measurement and direct observation. The data analysis used were non-parametical statistic using U-Mann Whitney test and the value of the Gain. The analysis value of science process skill test class between controlled inquiry and free inquiry using U-Mann Whitney test was obtained p value (0.004 < 0.05), means there was the difference between the process skill science students’ taught with the model of controlled inquiry and the model of free inquiry. The gain value used was to find out the most effective learning model. The analysis of gain value using free inquiry (0.79 with high category) was higher than using controlled inquiry (0.69 with medium categories). It showed that the model of free inquiry more effective than controlled inquiry model to improve the process skill of science on mass constancy material X grade at MIPA SMAN 1 Pontianak.Keywords: The process skill of science, Comparison, Controlled inquiry, Free inquiry, Law of mass constancy
PENGARUH METODE PEMECAHAN MASALAH BERBANTUAN BUKU SAKU TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR PADA MATERI POKOK STOIKIOMETRI DI KELAS X SMA NEGERI 1 SUNGAI RAYA Purwati, Purwati; Qurbaniah, Mahwar; Fadhilah, Raudhatul
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 4, No 2 (2016): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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ABSTRACTThis research had the purpose to find out the difference between students’ learning outcomes which were taught using problem solving method assisted pocket book and lectures method assisted pocket book as well as to know how large the effect of problem solving method assisted pocket book on students’ learning outcomes in class X of SMA Negeri 1 Sungai Raya on stoichiometry material. This research was Quasi Experimental Nonequivalent Control Group design. The sampling system was purposive sampling technique which considered the score of final exam. Based on the sampling technique, X C was choosen as control class and XA was choosen as experimental class. The techniques of data collection used measurement, direct communication, and direct observation techniques. The result of data analysis showed the mean score of pretestposttest in experimental class (73.1) was higher compared to control class (43.6). According to the statistical analysis of U-Mann witney test on pretest score (α= 0,05), it was obtained the P value which was 0.766 which meant that there was no difference between the ability of learning outcomes in experimental and control class. The calculation using effect size showed ES=1.88 which meant problem solving method assisted pocket book affected students’ learning outcomes which was 46.99 %. Problem solving method had high effect on students’ learning outcomes because the students were motivated to find the information or solution to solve the problem.Keywords : Pocket Book, Learning Outcome, Problem Solving Method, Stoichiometry
PEMANFAATAN KULIT PISANG KEPOK SEBAGAI ADSORBEN ZAT ORGANIK PADA AIR GAMBUT DENGAN VARIASI WAKTU PENGADUKAN Qurbaniah, Mahwar
AR-RAZI Jurnal Ilmiah Vol 5, No 1 (2017): AR-RAZI JURNAL ILMIAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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ABSTRACTThe functional groups that act as adsorbent in kepok banana peel (Musa acuminate L.) can be identified are -OH, -COO, and -NH. Products in the form of a biological charcoal adsorbent from kepok banana peel can increase the economic value of a banana peel. This research aimed to study of using the kepok banana peel sour as adsorbent for reducing the content of organic matter in peat water. Parameter observed was the shaking time. Kepok banana peel that has been obtained from industrial waste bananas fried in Pontianak burned to charcoal. Activated charcoal that has been obtained with a solution of 0.1 M NaOH,washed with 0.1% HCl and distilled water and then dried to constant weight. Furthermore, biological charcoal from kepok banana peels used as adsorbent to reduce the content of organic matter in peat water which measured to decrease the color intensity of peat water (absorbance measurement) by using UV-VIS spectrophotometer in the wavelength of 254 nm. The results showed that decreasing in organic matter content in 70 mL of water peat obtained in 1 gram of adsorbent was 60 minutes. This results showed that the adsorbent of kepok banana peel can reduce water content of organic matter in peat water.Keywords: adsorbents, peat water, kepok banana peel (Musa acuminate L.)
Selection of Tempoyak Lactic Acid Bacteria As Candidate Strain for Yoghurt Starter Culture Rahayu, Hanum Mukti; Qurbaniah, Mahwar
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 11, No 1 (2019): April 2019
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

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Selection of bacteria in yoghurt fermentation is important to produce yoghurt with good quality. Tempoyak lactic acid bacteria is potential to be yoghurt starter culture becouse tempoyak fermentation has similarities in producing lactic acid such as yoghurt. This study aimed to isolate and identify the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from tempoyak which will be used as a yoghurt starter culture. The methods used in this study included isolation and selection of acid-producing bacteria, lactase and protease activity test, identification of morphology and biochemistry as well as testing the quality of the yoghurt. The results of the study obtained 32 isolates of the LAB with the same characteristic colony, include the round shape, cream-coloured with convex elevation and, smooth surface and entire edge. Selection of acid-producing bacteria obtained 12 isolates with the ability to produce clear zones on MRSA + CaCO3 media ≥ 0.7 cm. Selection of lactase-producing LAB obtained six strains and the protease test obtained two superior strains. Two superior strains namely Tp 12 and Tp 28 have characteristics of coccus, gram-positive, negative catalase, non-endospore and non-motile forms. The organoleptic and several quality tests showed yoghurt using Tp 12 as starter has higher acceptability, the highest levels of lactic acid and lactose levels with values respectively 4.25, 0.84% and 24.53%. This study obtained the LAB strain which can be used as yoghurt starter culture. Tp 12 strain can be used to improve the quality of yoghurt and become a commercial starter that can be applied to various fermented products.
METODE PEMBELAJARAN THE POWER OF TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATERI SISTEM PENCERNAAN MANUSIA DI MTs RAUDLATUL FIRDAUS KUBU RAYA Dewi, Kartika; Qurbaniah, Mahwar
JURNAL BIOEDUCATION Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Bioeducation
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Pontianak

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Metode pembelajaran yang digunakan guru masih belum dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa berdasarkan nilai rata-rata ulangan harian tahun 2015/2016 dengan KKM 70. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan hasil belajar siswa  kelas VIII antara yang diajarkan dengan metode The Power of Two dengan metode konvensional  pada materi sistem pencernaan manusia, besarnya pengaruh penggunaan metode The Power of Two dalam meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas VIII MTs Raudlatul Firdaus Kubu Raya pada materi sistem pencernaan manusia dan mengetahui efektifitas metode The Power of Two berdasarkan hasil belajar siswa. Penentuan sampel menggunakan teknik sampling purposive dengan kelas VIIIA sebagai kelas eksperimen dan kelas VIIIB sebagai kelas kontrol. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah observasi dan pengukuran. Alat pengumpul data berupa lembar observasi dan tes hasil belajar. Hasil uji U Mann-Whitney data gain menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan hasil belajar siswa antara kelas eksperimen dan kelas kontrol. Berdasarkan perhitungan Effect Size, metode The Power of Two menggunakan memberikan pengaruh terhadap persentase peningkatanhasil belajar sebesar 79.40%. Hal ini menunjukkan metode The Power of Two lebih efektif dibandingkan dengan metode konvensional dan memberikan pengaruh tinggi terhadap hasil belajar siswa pada materi sistem pencernaan manusia.Kata Kunci : hasil belajar, The Power of Two,  sistem pencernaan manusia.