Henmaidi, Henmaidi
Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology

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The dynamics and identification of key factors affecting integrated and sustainable development of agriculture cluster area: The case of small-scale red onion horticulture farming in highland Solok District, West Sumatra, Indonesia

International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

Sustainable development of small-scale horticulture farming is very much determined by how these farmings develop and organized into an integrated agriculture cluster area which aim at fulfilling human needs, equitable distribution of economic benefits, and participation of farmers and rural people in the dynamics of development.  Indonesia has adopted it as policy but with limited evidence of successful implementation because of ecosystem for  agriculture cluster area development not yet existed. Despite of the ecosystem not yet developed, small-scale farmers continue to manage their farming to support their livelihood.  In this context, there is a need to develop an alternative enabling framework based on understanding of the dynamics of horticulture farming. The objectives of this research are to understand the dynamics of the red onion horticulture farming, assessing key factors affecting farming management, and identify elements of framework for developing integrated small-scale red onion farming cluster area based on the key factors identified. A mix research method were applied: in-depth interview and survey. The results of the research indicated that the following key factors affecting the dynamics of small-scale red onion farming: (1) market, product distribution, and price fluctuation; (2) provision of agriculture extension services and consideration to use inputs; (3) existence and functionality of farmers’ group (organization); (4) source of capital and the used of financial service industry; (5) supports from government program; (6) infrastructures to support farming activities (in term of farms access road and water); (7) mutually beneficial synergy and partnership among the stakeholders; and (8) digital platform to facilitate interaction among stakeholders. These key factors would form the basis to develop alternative framework for integrated agriculture are development.

Pengembangan Kapasitas petani dan Kelembagaan di Kawasan Pertanian melalui Pendekatan Pengelolaan Pengetahuan (Knowledge Management)

Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Terapan Pertanian Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology
Publisher : Payakumbuh State Polytechnic of Agriculture

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Abstract

Kegiatan Pengembangan Kapasitas petani kecil dan kelembagaannya merupakan bagian dari proses penyebaran tahapan inovasi, yang membutuhkan sumber daya yang memadai diperlukan untuk dapat menciptakan inovasi. Sumber daya ini dapat berupa teknologi, dukungan keuangan, pemimpin inovatif, termasuk sumber daya manusia dengan kompetensi yang sesuai. Kondisi ini menjadi ide untuk dieksplorasi dalam penelitian ini, "mengapa inovasi yang diberikan belum sepenuhnya diterapkan oleh petani kecil dan apa yang terjadi dengan pengembangan kapasitas petani kecil dan kelembagaan saat ini"?. Dalam hal ini, pendekatan manajemen pengetahuan dapat berperan dalam mendukung dan mempercepat proses inovasi di bidang pertanian Penelitian ini dilakukan melalui tinjauan jurnal terdahulu, data primer dan sekunder serta studi pendahuluan.Data primer diperoleh melalui informan kunci yang terdiri dari petani, penyuluh, pedagang input, pedagang hasil, tokoh masyarakat dan pejabat pemerintah Data dikumpulkan dari Oktober2015 hingga Juni 2016.Studi pendahuluan ini mengidentifikasi kelompok petani dan kelembagaan penyuluhan di Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti Kabupaten Solok Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Hasil analisis menunjukkan masih banyaknya kelompok petani yang berada pada  kelas kelompok tani  pemula yaitu di Nagari Alahan Panjang (53 persen), nagari Salimpek  (64 persen), nagari  Sungai Nanam (61 persen), dan nagari Aie Dingin (62,5 persen) serta  jumlah  penyuluh yang belum ideal untuk Kecamatan Lembah Gumanti. Berdasarkan temuan di atas, kapasitas petani kecil dan  kelembagaandapat terwujud pada peningkatan usaha dan kehidupan petani di kawasan pertanian melalui pendekatan Manajemen Pengetahuan .