Mirwandhono, Edhy
Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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The Changes of Nutrient Content of Cassava Peel (Manihot esculenta Crantz) That Fermented by Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) For Animal Feed

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Cassava peel was the waste of processing cassava which is promising enough tobe used as alternative animal feed. However, cassava peel has a fairly low nutrient content.Fermentation was one of the way to increase the quality of cassava peel. Fermentation usedin this research utilized Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) with the main substance wasthe cassava peel itself. This research lasted for 3 months started from December 2018 toFebruary 2019 at the Laboratory of Microbiology and Laboratory of Feed ProcessingScience and Technology Department of Animal Science Faculty of Agriculture Universityof Sumatera Utara and Laboratory of Agrichemists and Natural Resources at the IndustrialResearch and Standardization Office of Medan. This research was designed usingCompletely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial pattern of 3 x 3 with 3 replications, asfactor I was the dose of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) and factor II was the durationof fermentation. The parameters measured were water content/dry matter, crude fat, crudeprotein, crude fibre, ash, and Non Nitrogen Free Extract (NNFE) using proximate analysis.The results showed that fermentation of cassava peel using Indigenous Microorganisms(IMO) with the variation of Indigenous Microorganisms (IMO) dose and duration offermentation give effects, that were increased water content, crude protein, and NonNitrogen Free Extract (NNFE) and decreased dry ingredient, crude fat, crude fibre, and ashcontent.

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING BEEF SUPPLY IN THE DISTRICT DELI SERDANG

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Abstract.One reason for the low number of beef consumption in Indonesia in particular Deli Serdang is the least amount of beef offered traders. Therefore, a study was conducted in March 2016 to April 2016 to examine the factors that influence the beef supply in Deli Serdang. The method used was survey with interviews to traders guided by questionnaire. The sample selection started on the personal judgment of researchers who claimed that the selected sample truly represented. Methods of data collection were to collect primary and secondary data. The results showed that marketing cost factors and profit  affected the amount of beef offered. The purchase price was not influenced of a great day and the influence of other commodities  not affect partially on the amount of beef offered.

Performance Of Commercial Strains Chicken Given Commercial Based Feed

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract. This research aimed to conclude the best combination of commercial strain and feed on broiler’s carcass. This research was conducted at Animal Husbandry Biology Laboratory, Departement of Animal Husbandry, Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatera for 4 weeks from November until December 2016. This research used completely randomized design (CRD) factorial with 9 combined treatment and 3 replication. The treatment consists of A0B0, A0B1, A0B2, A1B0, A1B1, A1B2, A2B0, A2B1, A2B2. The observed parameters were cutting weight, carcass weight, and carcass percentage. The result showed that the average weight of broiler chicken ranged from 1829,50 – 1929,50 gram/head. The average of Carcass weight ranged from1424,75 – 1676,50 gram/head. And the average of carcass percentage ranged from 78,01 % - 87,98 %. This research conlude that the best combination is A1 and B0.

Financial Analysis of Broiler Farm Business in Batu Penjamuran Village Sub District Namorambe (Case Studies on farms Andarias with partnership patterns)

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Abstract.This research was conducted  Batu Penjamuran Village Namorambe sub district. The research was conducted in June until December 2016. Research method used was case study at broiler farm Andarias. The location determination in this study was conducted directly on the basis that livestock farming Andarias was a potential farm and has had never been analyzed its business feasibility. This research was used data collection method by observation and direct interview to farmer Andarias. This research showed the income earned by breeder Andarias, in the year 2014 to 2016 sequantially each month as much as Rp. 9.327.568, Rp. 5.508.219, and  Rp. 9.023.066.NPV value of 250,784,644, IRR of 66.58% and R / C of 1.08% which could then be declared as a reasonable information. Therefore, the conclusions generated by the researcher was a livestock business by Mr. Andarias expressed could be continued and developed.

UTILIZATION OF BUFFALO AND SAMOSIR GOAT MANURE ON INDIGOFERA ZOLLINGERIANA GROWTH

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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This study aims to look at the effect of buffalo and goat manure on the growth of Indigofera zollingeriana plants. This research was carried out in Parlondut Village, Pangururan Subdistrict, Samosir Regency, North Sumatra from March to May 2018. The design used in this study was a Completely Randomized Design with 4 replications. P0 = Buffalo Cage Fertilizer 25% + 75% Top Soil Soil, P1 = Buffalo Cage Fertilizer 50% + 50% Top Soil Soil, P2 = Buffalo Cage Fertilizer 75% + 25% Top Soil Soil, P3 = 25% Goat Cage Fertilizer + 75% Top Soil Soil, P4 = Goat Cage Fertilizer 50% + 50% Top Soil Soil and P5 = Goat Cage Fertilizer 75% + 25% Top Soil Soil. The variables observed were plant height, number of leaves, number of stems, stem diameter and leaf width. The results showed that the application of manure from goats had a significant effect on the parameters of the study, namely plant height, number of leaves, number of branches and stem diameter. In conclusion, the increasing dosage of fertilization with goat manure on Indigofera zollingeriana plants, the results are getting better.  

ANALYSIS OF COCONUT DREGS FIBER CONTENT DUE TO FERMENTATION USING FIBER DEGRADATION BACTERIA FROM PLIEK U

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The success of livestock business is influenced by the feeding cost which will affect production costs, Therefore, it is needed to find an alternative feeds which has high quality content with relatively low prices. Coconut dregs can be used as an alternative to livestock feeds, but it has high fiber content, so it has low digestibility. It is necessary to conduct a processing of coconut dregs by using fermentation with fiber degradating bacteria. The purpose of this research was to determine fiber content changes (NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose) in coconut dregs after experiencing fermentation process using fiber degradating bacteria from PLIEK U. The method used complete random factorial which was designed with two different factors and three replications. The results of analysis of NDF, ADF and hemicellulose showed that there were interactions on both factors, the highest fiber content (NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose) is on the interaction of P1W1 (1% and 3 days), and the lowest fiber content (NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose) was on the interaction of P3W3 (5% and 9 days). It was concluded that the fermentation of coconut dregs using bacteria from PLIEK U could degrade the fiber content of coconut dregs, the more bacteria given and the longer the incubation time, so the fiber content (NDF, ADF, and hemicellulose) more decrease, and the best fermentation treatment was found in P3W3 interactions that was fermentation with 5% inoculum and 9 days incubation.

Analysis of Broiler Chicken Demand Influencing Factors in Pematangsiantar City

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Broiler chickens is a type of chicken that are able to grow and develop quickly.  In addition, broiler chicken is one of favourite source of meat. The purpose of  this research was to determined the affecting factors of demand of the broiler chicken meat demand in the Pematangsiantar city. The study was conducted in April-June 2018 using primary data. The method used in accidental sampling is respondent interview with purposive technique that  analyzed by Multiple Linear Regression using SPSS 22 application tool. The results showed that broiler chicken demand in Pematangsiantar city was influenced simultaneously by broiler price, age, family member, family income, egg price, appetite level, and education level with R² = 0,51. The price of broiler chicken meat, age and the number  of family members had a significant effected on the 95% confidence level.

DECREASING TREND OF SAMOSIR PANORUSAN GOAT POPULATION IN PANGURURAN SUB DISTRICT: CAUSING FACTORS

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

This research was conducted at the people’s farm in Pangururan sub-district, Samosir district. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the reduction rate of Panorusan goat population. The method used was multiple linier regression analysis with variabel limitations, i.e.  animal feed quality, quantity of field grass, and goat sales to other areas. This research was conducted by asking directly to the breeder and giving a randomly selected questionnaire. The total of  55 goat breeders are divided into 2-3 breeders/village. From the research it was known that the dominant factor that causes the rate of reduction in goat Panorusan Samosir population was goat sales to other areas.

Utilization of Pliek U Bacteria (YNH11 Isolates) in Fermenting Process of Coconut Dregs (Cocos Nucifera L.)

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Coconut plants are common in Indonesia, which is the second largest copra producer in the world. Coconut dregs has never been used before, as result  it is one of large wastes in Indonesia. The main problems of coconut dregs were the content of crude fiber and crude fat which are high and low crude protein. Special attention was needed to improve the nutritional content by using fermentation technology. Fermentation was used in this study by using bacteria which had derived from the coconut plant itself called pliek u, isolate (YNH11). This study was conducted for 3 months starting from April to July 2018 at the Animal Production Laboratory and the Laboratory of Animal Food Nutrition Sciences Faculty of Agriculture, University of North Sumatra. This research was designed using a Completely Randomized Design (CRD) factorial pattern of 3 x 3, with 3 replications where remarked as factor 1 was the various levels of bacterial inoculum YNH11 from pliek u and factor 2 was the duration of fermentation (incubation). the parameters measured were water content, dry ingredient , crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, and ash content using proximate analysis.The results showed that coconut pulp fermentation using bacterial origin of pliek u (isolate YNH11) with the level of inoculum administration and fermentation time had an effect on the measured parameters. it eventually increased water content and crude protein, meanwhile it decresed crude fiber, crude fat, dry ingredient, and ash content as well.

Marketing Efficiency of Chicken’s Egg in Binjai City, North Sumatra

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The egg marketing by producers usually uses various marketing agencies so that chicken eggs will reach consumers. This process requires marketing costs to be used to perform marketing functions. Therefore, research is conducted to investigate the marketing channels, marketing institutions, marketing functions and investigate the marketing efficiency of chicken’s egg found in Binjai City. This research was conducted from July to August 2018. The method used in data collection is the withdrawal of a sample of retailers using the purposive sampling method, while the sample of farmers and other marketing institutions with snowball sampling. Data collection was done by interview technique using a questionnaire. Data analysis includes marketing costs, marketing margins, farme’r share and cost benefit ratio of each marketing channel. The results of this study indicate that there are two marketing channels. The smallest marketing margin is obtained by the second marketing channel, therefore the second marketing channel has the largest ratio of profit to cost. The biggest farmer's share is obtained in the second marketing channel, this channel only uses retailers as an intermediary channel. So it can be concluded that the second channel is the most efficient channel because it has the smallest cost and the profit is spread evenly across all the marketing institutions that play a role.