Umar, Sayed
The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Published : 9 Documents
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Association of Infestation of Gastrointestinal Nematode With Altitudes of Location of Cattle Raising in Two Different Districts in Aceh Province Zulfikar, Zulfikar; Umar, Sayed; Ferasyi, Teuku Reza; Tafsin, Maruf
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Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (218.348 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v3i1.11371

Abstract

This study was aimed to measure the prevalence and the association of altitude of location of raising to the risk of infestation of gastrointestinal nematode in cattle. The study was conducted using cross sectional approach. A purposive sampling method was used to select the location of study (subdistricts and villages) in the two Districts. The inclusion criteria for the lowland were the location with altitude <200 m above sea level and the subdistricts (villages) of North Aceh District. The exclusion criteria for lowland was the location >200 m above sea level. Then, the inclusion criteria for the highland were the location with altitude >200 m above sea level and the subdistricts (villages) of Central Aceh District. The exclusion criteria for lowland was the location <200 m above sea level. A random sampling was used for selection of cattle for collecting faecal sample in two locations of study. A total number of 201 cattle, both male and female, were obtained for taking faecal sample from the two Districts. Faecal sample was examined for the existence of eggs of gastrointestinal nematode. The examination was conducted using floating method. Data were analyzed descriptively. The measurement of association of altitude of location of cattle raising and sex of animals to the risk of infestation of gastrointestinal nematode were analyzed using odds ratio (OR) estimation and continued with chi-square test. The results showed a higher prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infestation in cattle of Lowland location (25%) as compared to Highland (5.8%). As for the altitude, the cattle raising in Lowland were more than 5 times higher risk for infestation of gastrointestinal nematode as compared to Higher land location (P<0.005). The female cattle in Lowland was higher risk (6.18) for infestation than Highland (P<0.01). A similar trend was obtained for male cattle which higher risk in Lowland (4.12) as compared to Highland, but it was not significant (P>0.05). In conclusion, by considering the altitude of location, the cattle raising in Lowland were more than 5 times higher risk for infestation of gastrointestinal nematode as compared to Higher land location. There is a variation of risk between female and male cattle in different altitude.
The Utilization of Fermented Corn Cob by MOIYL on Dry Matter and Organic Matter Digestibility on Local Rabbit ., Noviani; ., Yunilas; Tafsin, Ma'ruf; Hanafi, Nevy Diana; Umar, Sayed
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Rabbits are non ruminant herbivores which have forage requirements. The availability of forage is not sustainable throughout the year due to the influence of the season and the lack of agricultural land. In these conditions, making alternative feed is needed as a substitute forage. One alternative animal feed that has the potential and can be utilized is corn cob waste. The study aims to evaluated the value of dry matter and organic matter digestibility of feed containing corn cob fermented by MOIYL on local rabbit. Research conducted at Desa Bandar Klippa Deli Serdang, North Sumatera Province, from January – March 2018. The study used 20 local rabbit with initial weight 404,4 ± 9,14 gram and design experiment used completely randomized design (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatment consisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1=10%, P2= 20, and P3= 30%. Variable measured were consumption of dry matter and organic matter, digestibility of dry matter and organic matter. The results showed that fermented of corn cob with MOIYL provide a significant effect (P&lt;0,01) on level 30% increase dry matter and organic matter digestibility. The conclusion of this study is fermented corn cob by  MOIYL up to  the level 30% can increase the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter on local rabbit. Keywords : corn cob, fermantation ,  MOIYL, digestibility, local rabbit
Isolation and Characteristics of Corn-Based Cellulolytic Fungi as Fibrous Feed Bioactivators Delfiyana, Meilisa; ., Yunilas; Umar, Sayed; Ginting, Nurzainah; ., Hasnudi
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Microbes live in nature freely in water, air, or soil. One type of microbe is fungi. Fungi are microorganisms that are able to degrade fiber. This study aims to isolate fungi from corn waste and test the degradation ability of the best corn waste fungi fiber as a fibrous feed bioactivator. This research was carried out at the Laboratory of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry Study Program, University of North Sumatra, in March 2018 - June 2018. This study used corn waste (corn cobs, corn straw, corn husk, corn flowers and corn roots). Parameters observed were macroscopic morphology (colony size, colony shape, clony color, colony elevation, colony edge), microscopic morphology (form of hyphae, conidial shape, and conidiophoric surface) and the ability to degrade fiber in fungi. Conclusions from the results of research on corn waste exploration obtained 6 fungi isolates, 4 of which were cellulolytic fungi that were able to degrade fibrous feed, namely two strains of Aspergillus sp., Fusarium sp., And Rizoctonia sp. Isolates which have a potential to degrade fiber are JE isolates (Rizoctonia sp. fungi) with a cellulolytic index of 1,178.
Forage substitution with MOIYL fermented cacao pod on carcass quality of local sheeps Mahyana, Sri Dewi; ., Hasnudi; Sembiring, Iskandar; Umar, Sayed; ., Yunilas
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Agriculture waste such as acao pod are abundant. This study aims to determine localsheeps carcass quality after feeding Moiyl fermented cacao pod (Theobroma cacao L) inrations as alternative feed. The research was carried out at Mr. Didit's farm located on BungaRinte street, Medan Tuntungan sub district, Medan in October-December 2018. Theexperiment used was a completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4replications. Using 20 local rams with an average of 12.65 ± 1 kg / head. Treatment consists offorages, and concentrated ingredients such as coconut cake, soybean meal, rice bran, molasses,urea, mineral mix, and Moiyl pod cacao fermented P0 (forage 80% + concentrate 20%), P1(forage 60% + Pod cacao fermentation 20% + Concentrate 20%), P2 (Forage 40% + Pod cacaofermented 40% + Concentrate 20%), P3 (Forage 20% + Pod cacao fermented 60% +Concentrate 20%), P4 (Pod 80% fermented cacao + Concentrate 20%).The results showed that the average cutting weight P0 = 15.70, P1 = 15.98, P2 = 17.55, P3 =16.27, P4 = 14.73, (kg / head). The average body weight is P0 = 9.75, P1 = 10.27, P2 = 10.52,P3 = 10.14, P4 = 9.18, (kg / head). The average carcass weight P0 = 5.36, P1 = 5.61, P2 =5.74, P3 = 5.73, P4 = 5.73 (kg / head). The average carcass percentage P0 = 56.51, P1 = 55.55,P2 = 54.71, P3 = 56.55, P4 = 51.48 (kg / head). The conclusion of this study is MOIYLfermented cacao pod (Theobroma cacao L) can substitute forage as feed for male local sheepand influenced cutting weight, average body weight, average carcass weight and also averagearcass percentage.
Utilization of fermented corn cob flour with "MOIYL" probiotics on local rabbit performance Arswandi, Irianto; ., Yunilas; Umar, Sayed; Daulay, Armyn Hakim; Tafsin, Ma'ruf
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (192.604 KB)

Abstract

The study aims to evaluated thedetermine the effect of gave fermented corncob by probiotic MOIYL to performance of local rabbit. Research conducted at DesaBandar Klippa Deli Serdang and Agriculture Faculty of North Sumatera University, inJanuary – March 2018. The study used design experiment by completely randomizeddesign (CDR), which consists of 4 treatments and five replications. The treatmentconsisted of ration P0= unfermented ,P1 (10% corn cob fermented and 20%unfermented), P2 (20% corn cob fermented and 10% unfermented), and P3 (30% corncob fermented). Variable measured were feed consumption, daily body weight gain,feed conversion ratio and income over feed cost.The results showed that fermented ofcorn cob with probiotics MOIYL provide a significant effect (P&lt;0,05) towards bodyweight gain, consumption and Income Over Feed Cost and does not have an effect (P&gt;0.05) on the value of conversion. The conclusion from the results of this study is theprovision of fermented corn cobs using MOIYL can increase body weight gain,consumption and Income Over Feed Cost, and tend to reduce the value of feedconversion.
Effect of Rabbit Production Factors on Revenue of Rabbit Farmers in Berastagi District, Karo Regency Bayu, Muhammad; Umar, Sayed; ., Hasnudi; Ginting, Nurzainah; Henuk, Yusuf Leonard
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to investigate the influence of rabbitproduction factors on rabbit farmers income in the District of Berastagi Regency ofKaro which include Litter Size, Sum of Wean, Sum of Deaths, Feed Cost and Sum ofLabor; and knowing rabbit business in District of Berastagi Regency of Karo isdeserves to be forwarded. The research method used census method done twice for twomonths to take as many as 48 respondent farmers. Factor analysis was obtained byregression analysis while business feasibility obtained by Revenue Cost Ratio (RatioR/C), Benefit Cost Ratio (Rasio B/C) and Break Event Point (BEP) analysis. Theresults showed that the factor affect rabbit farmers income were Sum of Deaths andSum of Labor. Financial analysis of rabbit farmers were R/C=5,61, B/C=4,24, PriceBEP=Rp 9.875 dan Production BEP=22 pieces. It conclude that the factor affect rabbitfarmers income were Sum of Death and Sum of Labor. Rabbit business is profitableand feasible to conduct.
Utilization of Biogas Slurry Doses from Goat Faeces with MOL (Micro Local Organisms) Banana Stem on Turi Productivity (Sesbania grandiflora) in Samosir Regency Sianturi, Simson; Ginting, Nurzainah; Umar, Sayed; Hanafi, Nevy Diana; ., Yunilas
Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

This study aims to investigate the effect of  utilization of biogas slurry doses with MOL (Micro Local Organisms) Banana Stumps on Turi Productivity (Sesbania grandiflora). This research was conducted in Samosir Regency, North Sumatra starting from May to September  2018. The design used in this study was a completely randomized design with 4 treatment levels of 5 replications, the data analysis used was Duncan's Advanced Test. Treatment with various doses of biogas slurry fertilizer by input of goat faeces which is fermented with MOL (Micro Local Organism), 2 liter MOL banana stem. P0 = 0, P1 = 20, P2 = 40, P3 = 60 (t / h / yr). The variables observed were plant height, stem diameter, number of stems, number of leaves, and leaf width. The results of the study showed that the fermentation of goat's bio-gas slurry fertilizer with various doses of fertilizing gave a significant influence on the parameters of the study, namely plant height, number of stems, number of leaves, and stem diameter. The best response due to fertilization is with a dose of 60 t / h / yr.
Response fermented goat urine by EM4 on Productivity of Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana sembiring, keke rejeki; hanafi, nevy diana; umar, sayed
AGROEKOTEKNOLOGI Vol 7, No 1,Jan (2019)
Publisher : Program studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara-Medan

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Abstract

Utilization of EM4 fermented goat urine as organic fertilizer that can improve productivity of Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana. The study was conducted in field laboratory Animal Science Study Program Faculty of Agriculture, University of Sumatera Utara in June to November 2017, using a randomized block design factorial divided into 2 factor, composed of  the type of grass (Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana) and the fertilizer dose (0, 100, 150, 200, 250 ml / polybag). The variables observed were plant height, fresh weight production and dry matter production. The results showed that increasing dose  fermented goat urine give the very real result (P&lt;0.01) increased plant height, fresh weight production and dry matter production and the productivity Digitaria milanjiana hed nigher Brachiaria humidicola plant height, fresh weight production and dry matter production it is concluded that increased dose fermented goat urine increased on productivity of Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana. Keywor/ds: fermented goat urine, Brachiaria humidicola, Digitaria milanjiana, productivity, fertilizing dose.
The Utilization of Fermented Pig Urine as Liquid Organic Fertilizer to the Productivity of Brachiaria humudicola and Digitaria milanjiana Grass harahap, iin melani; umar, sayed; hanafi, nevy diana
AGROEKOTEKNOLOGI Vol 7, No 1,Jan (2019)
Publisher : Program studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sumatera Utara-Medan

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Abstract

The livestock farming which is unoptimilized by additional production of the livestock that they cultivaded. This research was  did at Agricultural Faculty of North Sumatera University field from June to November 2017. The purpose of this research is to know the appropriate dose of fertilizer and the response of fertilizer use to productivity (plant height, production of fresh material and dry ingredients)of Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana grass. The research method using is Split Plot Design which is the main plot is the variety of grass (R1 = Brachiaria humidicola and R2 = Digitaria milanjiana) and as the seed plot is the fermented pig urine liquid fertilizer (P0 = control (without urine), P1 = 100 ml, P2 = 150 ml, P3 = 200 ml and P4 = 250 ml). The parameters observed were plant height, production of fresh material and dry matter production. The result show that the higher the dose of fermented pig urine liquid fertilizer so that the higher productivity produced which is using 250 ml/plots (P4) the gave increased productivity of Brachiaria humidicola and Digitaria milanjiana grass for plant height, fresh produce and production of materials dry and Digitraria milanjiana grass has a faster response in the absorption of the fermented pig urine liquid fertilizer.   Keywords: Brachiaria humidicola, Digitaria milanjiana, urine pig, productivity