Lestary, Dewy Indah
Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Published : 1 Documents
Articles

Found 1 Documents
Search

Path Analysis on the Determinants of Neonatal Asphyxia at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol 1, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.516 KB)

Abstract

Background: Neonatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of neonatal mortality. Many factors may have caused neonatal mortality. This study aimed to investigate the determinants of neonatal asphyxia at Dr. Saiful Anwar Hospital, Malang.Subjects and Method: This was an analytic observational study using case control design. The study was conducted at Dr. Saiful Anwar, Malang, East Java, in June 2016. A total of 53 newborn babies with asphyxia (cases) and 159 newborn babies without asphyxia (controls) were selected by fixed disease sampling for this study. There were three exogenous variables: prematurity, maternal age, and parity. The endogenous variables were birthweight and neonatal asphyxia. The data were collected by a checklist. The data were analyzed by path analysis model.Results: Low birthweight had positive direct effect on the risk of neonatal asphyxia (b=1.61; 95% CI= 0.86 to 2.37; p<0.001). Prematurity (b=0.93; 95% CI= 0.13 to 1.74; p<0­.02­3)­, maternal ages <20 years or ≥35 years (b=0.97; 95%CI = 0.05 to 1.87; p<0.034), and parity primipara or ≥4 parity (b=1.00; 95% CI = 0.155 to 1.85; p<0.021), had positive indirect effects on the risk of neonatal asphyxia via low birthweight.Conclusion: Low birthweight had positive direct effect on the risk of neonatal asphyxia. Prematurity­, maternal ages <20 years or ≥35 years, and parity primipara or ≥4 parity, had positive indirect effects on the risk of neonatal asphyxia via low birthweight.Keywords: neonatal asphyxia, low birth weight, prematurity, maternal age, parity.Correspondence: Dewy Indah Lestary. Academy of Midwifery Wijaya Kusuma, Malang, East Java. Email: dewylestary86@gmail.comJournal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2016), 1(2): 140-147https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2016.01.02.08