Sofro, Muchlis AU
Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Filariasis di Daerah Endemis Kota Pekalongan

Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 4, No 1: Februari 2019
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Filariasis is a disease still become a health problem in Indonesia. South Pekalongan District is one of the endemic areas of filariasis. Filariasis is influenced by several factors such as environmental factors, socio economic and community behavior. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of environmental factors, socio economic factor and behavior that contributed to the incidence of filariasis cases in South Pekalongan District.Methods: This research was an observational research with a case-control approach. Case in this study was filariasis cases and for control was people suffer from filariasis. The number of each case and control is 40. Data was taken by observation and interview. Data collected was analyzed by using logistics regression.Results: Multivariate analysis shows that out of 11 (eleven) variables there is 1 variable which is proven to influence the incidence of filariasis in South Pekalongan District in July 2018, it was use of anti-mosquito drugs (OR = 29,231, CI 95% = 5,998 – 142,445).Conclusion: Not using mosquito repellent is the most dominant risk factor for the occurrence of filariasis transmission. People are advised to use mosquito repellent while sleeping or during activities at night. It is necessary to perform health promotion and extend the information related to filariasis in order to improve community knowledge.

Canavalia ensiformis Protein Extract Effect Toward Serum Lipid Profile of Hypercholesterolemic Sprague Dawley Rat

KEMAS: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 14, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sport Science, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Riskesdas 2013 showed the prevalence of abnormal total cholesterol levels in Indonesia is 35.9%, low HDL cholesterol is 22.9%, high LDL cholesterol is 15.9%, and high triglyceride is 11.9%. This study aimed to prove the effect of jack bean protein extract toward serum lipid profile of a hypercholesterolemic rat. This was a true experimental study conducted in September 2016 with post-only control group design. Twenty four male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly classified into 4 different groups; control negative group (C-), control positive group (C+), first experimental group (X1) which was given jack bean extract 4g/200g of body weight of the rat per day, and second experimental group (X2) which was given jack bean extracts 6g/200g of body weight of the rat per day. Treatment for 2 weeks showed a significant effect. Total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides levels of groups with protein jack bean extract administration were lower than the positive control group (p <0.05). Increasing doses of jack bean extracts was linear with serum lipid profile improvement of Sprague Dawley Rat. These result indicated the positive effect of jack bean protein extract toward serum lipid profile of hypercholesterolemic Sprague Dawley Rat.

Risk Factors of Gonorrhoea Among Female Indirect Sex Workers

Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health Vol 2, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Masters Program in Public Health, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Gonorrhoea is one of sexually transmitted infections (STI) with high incidence, besides chlamydia, syphilis, and trichomoniasis. STIs are spread predominantly by sexual context including vaginal, anal, and oral. STIs have a profound impact on sexual and reproductive health worldwide. STIs can increase the risk of HIV acquisition three fold or more. This study aimed to determine the risk factors of gonorrhoea among female indirect sex workers.Subjects and Method: This was a case control study carried out in Wonosobo district, Central Java, from April to May 2017. A sample of 84 female indirect sex workers were selected for this study consisting of 42 cases of gonorrhea and 42 control. The dependent variable was gonorrhoea. The independent variables were sex combination and condom use. Data on gonorrhoea was collected from STI clinic. The other data were collected by questionnaire. The data were analyzed using logistic regression.Results: The risk of gonorrhoea among female indirect sex workers increased with sex combination practice (OR=3.17; p=0.027; 95% CI= 1.14 to 8.82) and absence of condom use (OR= 8.04; 95% CI= 2.30 to 28.12; p=0.001).Conclusion: The risk of gonorrhoea among female indirect sex workers increases with sex combination practice and absence of condom use.Keywords : gonorrhoea, sex combination, condom use, female, indirect sex workersCorrespondence: Anita Nugrahaeni. Masters Program in Epidemiology, Diponegoro University, Jl. Imam Bardjo SH No. 5, Semarang, Central Java. Email: nitaozora@gmail.com. Mobile: 081335980666.Journal of Epidemiology and Public Health (2017), 2(3): 216-224https://doi.org/10.26911/jepublichealth.2017.02.03.03

Faktor Risiko yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian HIV/AIDS pada Pengguna Napza Suntik (Studi Epidemiologi Di Kota Pontianak)

Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 2, No 1: Februari 2017
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background: Injecting drug users (IDUs) are play role of high risk of HIV infection due to sexual behaviors that do not use condoms and use of unsterile needles. The high productive age group affected by HIV/AIDS and death, then the lower life expectancy, availability and productivity of the workforce. The purpose of the study proved that individual and environmental factors are risk factors for the incidence of HIV / AIDS among injecting drug users.Method: This observational analytic study, with the design of the case control study equipped with a qualitative approach of risk factors retrospectively. The target population of the study were IDUs in Pontianak with a sample of 96 people consisting of 48 cases of HIV/AIDS and 48 were IDUs not control HIV/AIDS. The sampling method is non-probability sampling study with consecutive sampling manner. Data analysis included univariate, bivariate using chi- square test and multivariate logistic regression test.Results: Multivariate analysis of four variables associated with the incidence of HIV/AIDSamong IDUs is married status (OR = 5,57), had sexual intercourse more than two people (OR =4,13), frequency of injecting drugs > 6 time / week yet (OR = 3,71), and not / do not work (OR= 3,28)Conclusion: Risk factors were shown to influence: the married status, had sexual intercourse more than ≥ 2 people, frequency of injecting drugs > 6 times / week and not/do not work yet.

Faktor-Faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue pada Anak Usia 6-12 Tahun Di Kecamatan Tembalang

Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 4, No 1: Februari 2019
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

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Abstract

Background : The Dengue Fever is an infectious disease that still becomes a serious health issue since it is endemic. This research aims to explain the various factors influencing the occurrences of the dengue fever in the children age 6 to 12 years old.Methods : This research used both quantitative and qualitative methods. The quantitative research specification was the observational analytic case control design while the indept interview technique was used as the qualitative research method. The population of the study were all children age 6 to 12 years old who lived in the Semarang City. The number of the subjects were 70 cases and 70 controls and they were taken by consecutive sampling method. The data were analyzed using the bivariate and multivariate with the regression logistic method.Results : The factors proven to influence the dengue fever occurrences in the children 6 to 12 years old were the lack of the mother’s education (OR 3.031; 95%CI 1.4281-6.434; p= 0.004;), the habit of not using the insect repellent use (OR 4.293; 95%CI 1.935-9.526; p= 0.001) and the habit of not wearing long clothes (OR 2.759; 95%CI 1.240-6.138; p= 0.013).Conclusion : The factors recognized as the significant risk factors for the occurrences of the dengue fever in the children age 6 to 12 years old were the lack of the mother’s education, the habit of not using the insect repellent and the habit of not wearing long clothes. Those factors contribute 85,3% to the occurrence of dengue fever.