Pratiwi, Tina Endah
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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DIFFERENCES IN LABOR PAIN INTENSITY AFTER THE PROVISION OF MUSIC THERAPY TO PRIMIGRAVIDA MOTHERS INPARTU KALA

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Introduction: Most laboring women are experiencing physical pain that is also accompanied by emotional fear. The latter may cause a slower development of labor, which prompt these mothers to opt for cesarean section. About 60% of primiparous and 40% of multiparous women had experienced extremely severe labor pains during the acute phase, and up to 40% of laboring women were not satisfied with the pain relief effect after taking analgesic drugs. Music therapy is one of the non-pharmacological pain reliever methods that helps one to relax and manage the mind and body’s perception against the agony. Aims: The objective of this study is to know the difference of pain intensity before and after the provision of music therapy to the primiparous mother in first stage of labor. Methods: Twenty primiparous who were expected to have a normal, spontaneous delivery were the experimental group (n = 20). A self-report visual analog scale (VAS) for pain intensity was used to measure the labor pain. The expecting mothers listened to the classical Mozart’s and Beethoven’s compositions for 10 minutes and then asked to scale the intensity of the pain that they felt before and after listening to the music. Data analysis was done by using univariate analysis and different t-test. Results: The results showed there was a significant difference of the intensity of pain before and after the provision of music therapy to the primiparous mother in the first stage of labor. Conclusion: This study provides evidence that the use of music therapy can reduce labor pain. Therefore, management of maternal care should include music therapy in assisting childbirth. 

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN EDUCATION AND MATERNAL KNOWLEDGE ON HIV TESTING

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Backgrounds: Pregnant women with HIV will be at risk of transmitting her disease to their babies. HIV testing is an important opening gate of HIV status in pregnant women. The program manager of AIDS Prevention Commission of Bekasi Regency, Ade Buwono, revealed that from 711 HIV-infected, 53% were housewives, found 16 infants were infected with the deadly disease Aims: In this recent study, correlation between education maternal knowledge about HIV testing was underlined. Methods: This research was a type of analytic research with cross sectional method. A total of 50 pregnant women from Independent Midwife Clinic “MARNIH HANDAYANI” was selected using accidental sampling approach. The participants were given questionnaire related to measure the knowledge level of respondents to HIV testing. Results: From the results, it is shown that the level of knowledge of pregnant women about HIV testing is still very low. This study shows knowledge to HIV examination among the respondents is defined by the education level (p value < 0.001), age (p value < 0.001) and the information source (p value < 0.001). Conclusion: The results shows the importance of the health personnel to provide HIV counseling to every visiting pregnant woman. Health care provider had to educate all pregnant women to test HIV. This is because early HIV / AIDS detection will reduce the risk of Mother-to-Child Transmission.