Nauphar, Donny
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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ANTENATAL CARE (ANC) VISIT FREQUENCY IN THE THIRD TRIMESTER AND PRETERM EVENTS IN PUSKESMAS PONDOH AND JUNTINYUAT IN INDRAMAYU REGENCY BETWEEN 2014-2016 Ameliana, Elinda; Nauphar, Donny; Maryam, Ruri Eka
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 15 million babies are born preterm every year and this number continues to increase. Several risk factors for preterm are identified as mother’s lifestyle such as smoking, malnutrition, weight gain during pregnancy, and drug use or other factors such as socioeconomic status. In 2015, WHO reported more than 300.000 women died from pregnancy-related causes and 2.6 million babies were still born worldwide with half occurring during the third trimester. Antenatal Care (ANC) in the third semester aims to identify fetal position and identify complication during pregnancy and screen for pre-eclampsia, infection of the reproductive organs and urinary tract, and plan for delivery. The ANC in the third semester is crucial in keeping pregnant mother healthy throught pregnancy and delivery. Aim: To find out the relationship between third trimester Antenatal Care (ANC) visit frequency and preterm birth event at Puskesmas Pondoh and Juntinyuat in Indramayu regency between 2014-2016. Methods: This was observational analytic study with cross-sectional approach. The sampling technique in this research was done by total sampling with 100 respondens. Data were collected from maternal cohort book and control card of pregnant women. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Prevalence Ratio. Results: This study found that the proportion of pregnant mothers with insufficient third trimester ANC was 38% and the number of mothers delivering preterm baby was 32%. Statistical analysis showed that there was a statistical significance between third trimester ANC visit frequency and preterm labor with p=0,000 (p<0,05) and women with insufficient ANC visit have 40 times higher risk of preterm baby compared to mothers who has sufficient ANC visit (PR=40,60; CI95%=11.699-140.8862) in Puskesmas Pondoh and Juntinyuat Indramayu District 2014-2016. Conclusion: Having less than 4 ANC visit in the third trimester may increase the risk of delivering preterm babies. Pregnant women are advised to do ante natal care monthly of a minimum 4 times during the third trimester. 
COMPARISON OF EFFECTIVENESS BETWEEN CELERY JUICE (Apium graveolens L.) AND 2% MICONAZOLE TOWARDS THE GROWTH OF Malassezia furfur Hammada, Ronaa; Pratiwi, Witri; Fauzah, Shofa Nur; Nauphar, Donny; Amanah, Amanah
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Introduction: Pityriasis versicolor is caused by the fungi Malassezia furfur with a worldwide prevalence of 50%, including tropical countries, second only to dermatitis in Indonesia. Pityriasis versicolor is difficult to treat and requires long-term treatment. The disease has high recurrence risk and may cause drug resistance. 2% Miconazole is known to have long-term side effects; therefore, alternative treatment is needed. Several studies suggested that celery (Apium graveolens L.) contains active substances with anti-fungal properties. This paper aims to investigate the comparison of effectiveness between celery juice and 2% Miconazole towards the growth of Malassezia furfur. Methods: This is an in-vitro experimental study with post-test only control group design. The subjects were split into 5 groups which were given celery juice in 10% DMSO with the concentration of 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%. A negative control group was given only 10% DMSO and the positive control group was given 2% Miconazole. The data were then analyzed using Kruskall-Wallis followed by Mann-Whitney test. Results: The Kruskall-Wallis test showed all concentration of celery juice had antifungal effect with p=0.000 (p<0.05) and were effective in inhibiting the growth of Malassezia furfur. The Mann-Whitney test showed that the 50% celery concentration was as effective as 2% Miconazole in inhibiting the growth of Malassezia furfur (p=0.495). Conclusion: Celery juice (Apium graveolens L.) was effective in inhibiting the growth of Malassezia furfur with 50% concentration as the most effective concentration. 
CHANGING COSMETIC BRANDS INCREASE RISK OF FREQUENCY AND DEGREE OF ACNE VULGARIS IN FEMALE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS Maharani, Annida; Pratiwi, Witri; Nauphar, Donny
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: Acne vulgaris is a skin disease caused by chronic inflammation of the follicular pilosebacea marked by the presence of blackheads, papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts in place of healthy skin. One of the risk factors for Acne vulgaris is changing cosmetic brands which may contain comedogenic and acnegenic ingredients. The aim of this study is to find out the relationship of changing cosmetic brands and the prevalence of Acne vulgaris in female undergraduates. Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. The subjects were 344 female undergraduates who used two out of four types of cosmetics, recruited by total sampling. Data were analyzed to see the relationship of changing cosmetic brands with the degree and the frequency of acne. Results: Based on Spearman correlation test, changing cosmetic brands has a strong positive correlation (r2= 0.762) with the degree of acne and a mild positive correlation (r2=0.461) with acne frequency. Chi-square test showed statistical significance (p<0.05) between changing cosmetic brands and the degree and frequency of acne. Subjects who frequently changes cosmetics has a 66 times higher risk of having bad acne (PR= 66.994; CI 95% = 32.099–139.320) and 8 times higher risk of having more frequent acne (PR= 8.432; CI 95% = 4.969-14.308) compared to subjects that do not frequently change cosmetics. Conclusion: Changing cosmetic brands increased the risk for both the degree of acne and the frequency of acne.