Yulastini, Fitria
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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INFLUENCE OF KEGEL GYMNASTICS ON PRIMIGRAVIDA PREGNANCY TOWARDS THE INCIDENCE OF A PERINEAL RUPTURE IN BASIC ESSENTIAL OBSTETRIC CARE NEONATES SURAKARTA, INDONESIA

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Kegel gymnastics can strengthen pelvic floor muscles and improve blood circulation and posture so that the perineal muscles and the perineal floor muscles become elastic. Perineal rigidity is the maternal factor which can lead to perineal rupture. Aims: The objective of the study is to determine the effect of Kegel gymnastics for primigravidas on the incidence of perinealrupture. Method: This study employed the quasi-experimental method with the control group design. Its samples were determined through the quota sampling technique. The subjects of the research were primigravidas as many as 40. They were divided equally into two groups – intervention group and control group. The data of the research was collected through observation sheet for evaluation of Kegel gymnastics for at least three weeks and pantograph sheet. They were analyzed by statistical analysis with the Chi-square formula aided with the computer program of SPSS Version 16 for Windows. Result: Only 40% mothers experienced a perineal rupture if excercised kegel gymnastics. It was significantly lower compared to their counterpart in the control group with no exercise (p-value = 0.001). Conclusion: Kegel gymnastics may lower the incidence of perineal rupture among the primigravidas. 

RISK FACTORS OFBIRTH ASPHYXIA IN PKU MUHAMMADIYAH HOSPITAL, BANTUL

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Infant mortality rate particularly in the perinatal period, is significantly high and become a health problem both globally and nationally. The first thousand days of life are the golden periods for a childs growth. Health surveillance before and during pregnancy as well as in the birth process largely determines the quality of the child that will be born. Among four regions in Yogyakarta, Bantul region has the second highest number of infant mortality with 126 cases. The leading cause of infant death in this region is asphyxia which reaching 29 cases. In PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital, Bantul there were 264 (23%) infants from 1131 live births who suffered from asphyxia in 2014. Aims: To determine the risk factors of birth asphyxia in PKU Muhammadiyah, Hospital Bantul in 2014. Methods: This was an analytical observasional study, with case control study design. The study was conducted in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital, Bantul. Samples were newborns in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital, Bantul from January to December 2014. There were 167 respondents in case group and 167 respondents in control group.Data were analyzed using univariate, bivariate with chi-square test and multivariate with conditional logistic regression analysis. Results: From the results of multivariate analysis, four factors related to asphyxia were abnormal labor (OR=2.304;95%CI=1.402 to 3.787;p-value=0.001), premature rupture of membranes (OR=2.040;95%CI=1.019 to 4.083;p-value=0.044), anemia (OR=1.426;95%CI=1.182 to 1.720;p-value=0.000) and pregnancy spacing <2 years (OR=2.458;95%CI=1.060 to 5.698;p- value=0.036). Conclusion: Abnormal labor, premature rupture of membranes, anemia and pregnancy spacing <2 years were the risk factors of birth asphyxia in PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital, Bantul in 2014. 

KNOWLEDGE OF SIDE EFFECTS AND ITS ASSOCIATION TO COMPLIANCE IN IRON TABLETS CONSUMPTION AMONG THIRD TRIMESTER PREGNANT WOMEN

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Background: To improve the quality of teaching, teachers should be able to plan the preparation of teaching and at the same time also be able to do so in the form of teaching and learning interactions. The success of learning is influenced by several factors, one of them is the motivation.The motivation will affect the success of learners. A student who has a high enough intelligence can fail due to lack of motivation. Aims: The purpose of this researchis to determine the relationship of students perception about the use of teaching method and learning motivation and achievement of midwifery D III in midwifery care in pregnancy course. Methods: Observational analytic research with cross sectional approach was conducted in the Diploma Program of Midwifery of Universitas RESPATI on May 29, 2014. The sampling technique was aproportional random sampling with a sample of 138 college students.Statistical data analysis was spearman rank test. Results: The data shows there is no relationship between students’ perception on teaching method andstudents achievement (p value >0.05). However, a very significant relationship (p value < 0.01) was found between students’ motivation and their academic achievement. Conclusion: The findings suggest that among the midwifery students in Diploma Program of Universitas Respati, to achieve better academic performance, the students need motivation (internal or external) to easier understand the academic subject.It is expected to the teachers, especially lecturers to develop the teaching methods and materials in accordance with student motivation in learning. 

CORRELATION BETWEEN MOTIVATION AND STUDENTS ACHIEVEMENT IN MIDWIFERY CARE AND DELIVERY PROGRAM IN AISYIYAH UNIVERSITY YOGYAKARTA

Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta is one of the universities that has implemented Competence Based Curriculum (CBC) system. One of the courses that used CBC system is Midwifery Care in Delivery course, which relates directly to the main job of a midwife. However, there are many students who only obtained C (Unsatisfactory) grade, and they need to retake the course meet the standard grade as determined by Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. One of the factors influencing study achievement is motivation. Aims: to analyze the relation between study motivation of fourth semester students (academic year 2012/2013) of DIII Midwifery Program, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta and their achievement in Midwifery Care in Delivery course. Method: This was a quantitative study with analytical survey method and cross sectional approach.Study population was all 223 fourth semester students (academic year 2012/2013) of DIII Midwifery Program, Universitas Aisyiyah Yogyakarta. 143 of them were selected as study subjects. Data was analyzed using Spearman’s Rank Correlation. Results: The majority of fourth semester students of DIII Midwifery Program had medium motivation in Midwifery Care in Delivery course, with the number reached 96 students (67.1%).Most of fourth semester students of DIII Midwifery Program obtained C (Unsatisfactory) grade in Midwifery Care in Delivery course, with the number reached 67 students (46.9%).There was a significant relation between fourth semester students of DIII Midwifery Program motivation and their achievement in Midwifery Care in Delivery course, where the result of Spearman’s Rank Correlation test shows the value of correlation coefficient = 0.723 and p value (0.000) (0.05). Conclusion: There was a relation between learning motivation and their achievement in midwifery care in delivery course with a strong degree of correlation. However, further research is expected to discuss all factors that affect the learning achievement such as environment, interests, talents, intelligence, health, learning way, and other variables that can affect.