Damayanti, Dina Sulviana
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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THE CORRELATION AMONG DURATION OF ORAL CONTRACEPTION WITH THE INCIDENCE OF MELASMA IN SUMBERWUDI, LAMONGAN, EAST JAVA, INDONESIA Damayanti, Dina Sulviana; Pratiwi, Putu Irma; Petricka, Gracea
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

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Abstract

Background: An increasing of estrogen in the body including consumption certain pills, excessive exposure to sunlight, or even by pregnancy, may cause various effects such as as melasma, brown pigmentation that can occur in women, appeared in certain organs Aims: The objective was to analyse the relationship between duration of use of oral birth control pills combined with the occurrence of melasma. Methods: This is an analytical research using cross-sectional approach involved 17 respondents who were selected by a purposive sampling technique. Inclusion criteria for this study was as acceptor oral pill combinations at least 30 days or have taken one blister. In this study, the research instrument used was an open questionnaire and observation. Data was then analysed by parametric statistic using fishers exact. Results: The results found the combined oral pill acceptors complained emergence of black spots on the face in a period of more than 2 years of use whereas previously unheard. Conclusion: Based on the results, health workers in the provision of counselling to patients about the side effects of the combined oral pill black spots face (melasma). Thus, acceptors got enough for knowledge and able to cope with the occurrence of dark spots face (melasma). 
THE INFLUENCE OF DEEP BREATHING RELAXATION TECHNIQUES TO DECREASE PAIN LEVELS IN THE MOTHERS INPARTU ACTIVE PHASE OF THE FIRST STAGE AT KERTHA USADA HOSPITAL SINGARAJA Pratiwi, Putu Irma; Damayanti, Dina Sulviana; Petricka, Grace
Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Proceedings of the International Conference on Applied Science and Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (368.797 KB)

Abstract

Background: Pain is the bodys defense mechanism which is unpleasant. Deep breathing relaxation technique is one of the non-pharmacological methods to relieve the pain felt by the mother during labor. Aims: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of deep breathing relaxation techniques to decrease the level of pain in the first stage the mother inpartu active phase. Methodology: Pre Experimental Research. The design of this study used one-group pre-test- posttest design. The measurement of pain is done twice: before the experiment and after the experiment. The sampling technique in this research is total sampling method. The instrument used to measure the level of pain is a Visual Analog Scale (VAS). Giving intervention such as deep breathing relaxation techniques during the active phase of the first stage of contraction repeatedly from the start to the end of the contraction contractions performed during 10 cycles of contraction. Results: the results of measuring the degree of pain the mother inpartu active phase of the first stage before being given a breath relaxation techniques in 30 respondents are located mainly in the category of severe pain as many as 19 people (63.30%). Conclusion: deep breathing relaxation technique is one of the non-pharmacological techniques are most useful to treat pain by regulating the breath, with attention to respiratory expected conditions to be relaxed so that the mother can reduce pain.