Wahidah, Lilik Koernia
Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung

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Aktivitas Antibakteri Ekstrak Akar Ceplukan (Physalis angulata L.) Terhadap Staphylococcus epidermidis dan Pseudomonas aeruginosa Viogenta, Pratika; Wahidah, Lilik Koernia; Saputri, Ika Harum
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung Volume 6 Nomor 2 Desember 2017
Publisher : Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung

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Abstract

Root ceplukan (Physalis angulata L.) is one of the medicinal plants that contain several active compounds that are antibacterial. This study aims to prove the antibacterial activity of root ceplukan extract againsts Staphylococcus epidermidis bacteria and Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteria. Root ceplukan was extracted by maceration with ethanol 70%. Root root extracts of phytochemical screening include flavonoids, alkaloids and saponins. The ceplukan root extract was then tested against S. epidermidis and P. aeruginosa bacteria using wells method with concentrations of 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, 100%, aquades as a negative control and amikacin as a positive control. Inhibitory zone diameter with each concentration for P. aeruginosa bacteria, among others, negative control = 0 mm, positive control = 21,623 mm, 100% = 16.9 mm, 80% = 15.05 mm, 60% = 13.703 mm, 40% = 12.02 mm, 20% = 12.02 mm and S. epidermidis bacteria have inhibitory zone at positive control of 21,623 mm. The results of this study showed that root extract ceplukan proved to have inhibition zone against bacteria P. aeruginosa at all concentrations but has no inhibition zone against S. epidermidis bacteria. Root ceplukan extract has a minimum inhibitory concentration of 14% and a minimum bacterisid concentration of 20%, against P. aeruginosa bacteria. The results of phytochemical analysis showed that root ceplukan positively contain flavonoids, alkaloids and saponins are suspected as antibacterial compounds. Keywords : Antibacterial, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Ceplukan root extract
FRAKSI AIR DAUN UBI JALAR (Ipomea batatas (L.) Lam) SEBAGAI HEPATOPROTEKTOR TERHADAP TIKUS PUTIH JANTAN YANG DIINDUKSI PARACETAMOL Wahidah, Lilik Koernia; Triyandi, Ramadhan; Indriani, Rima
JFL : Jurnal Farmasi Lampung Volume 8 Nomor 1 Juni 2019
Publisher : Universitas Tulang Bawang Lampung

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Abstract

Sweet potato leaves (Ipomea batatas (L) Lam ) are empirically used by people in some regions as traditional medicines to treat dengue fever and as anti-cancer because of their high antioxidant content. This study aims to see the effect of sweet potato leaf water fraction as a hepatoprotector on male white rats induced by paracetamol. Sweet potato leaves were extracted by maceration using 70% ethanol for 8 days then fractionation was carried out. The hepatoprotector test was carried out on 25 rats grouped in 5 groups treated orally for 7 days, namely negative controls given aquades, positive controls were given hepamax dose 59.06 mg / kgBB, groups I, II and III were given a fraction of sweet potato leaf water with a dose of 4.77 mg / kgBB, 9.54 mg / kgBB, and 19.08 mg / kgBB then male white rats induced by paracetamol orally at a dose of 1350mg / kgBB for 1 day. The increase in SGPT and SGOT levels was measured on day 9 using spectrophotometry then analyzed by ANOVA method. The results of SGPT analysis showed that groups I, II and III were significantly different from the negative controls (sig 0,000), and had the same effect on positive controls (sig 0.144) in suppressing SGPT level increases while in the analysis results the SGOT group III levels were significantly different from controls negative (sig 0,000) and significantly different from group I, II (sig 0.30 and 0.24), and have the same effect as positive controls (sig 0.392). The third dose (19.08 mg / kgBB) showed the best suppression increased and was not significantly different from statistically positive controls. Based on the research it was concluded that the fraction of sweet potato leaf water could be used as a hepatoprotector for male white rats induced by paracetamol. Keywords: Hepatoprotector, Paracetamol, Sweet Potato Leaves.