Rinawan, Fedri Ruluwedrata
Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Kepatuhan Minum Obat Pada Pasien Lupus Eritematosus Sistemik di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

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Abstract

Lupus eritematosus sistemik (LES) merupakan penyakit autoimun kronik yang mengharuskan penyandangnya minum obat dalam waktu lama bahkan seumur hidupnya. Keadaan ini selain menimbulkan dampak fisik, psikis maupun sosial juga menyebabkab biaya tinggi sehingga LES digolongkan sebagai penyakit catastrophic. Ketidakpatuhan minum obat penyandang LES akan berpengaruh langsung terhadap memburuknya outcome penyakit lupus. Penelitian bertujuan mengeksplorasi pelaksanaan dan kepatuhan minum obat pada pasien LES dengan harapan terjadinya perbaikan penatalaksanaan LES yang berdampak pada peningkatan kualitas hidup serta penurunan angka kematian karena LES. Telah dilakukan penelitian kualitatif terhadap 6 informan pasien LES suku Sunda di klinik reumatologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan Juli sampai September 2016 dengan menggunakan pedoman wawancara mendalam open question yang dikembangkan sesuai dengan jawaban informan. Paradigma penelitan adalah constructivism dengan triangulasi terhadap 2 orang keluarga pasien dan 3 dokter konsultan klinik reumatologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara bertahap melalui proses transkripsi, reduksi, koding, kategorisasi, penyusunan tema, interprestasi data serta pembangunan konsep. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada 57 koding, 14 kategori, dan 3 tema yang mengarah kepada kepatuhan minum obat pasien LES. Ke-14 kategori kepatuhan tersebut terdiri dari: karakteristik individu, daya ingat, pengetahuan, eksperimen, dan manajemen konsumsi (faktor predisposing); karakteristik penyakit, karakteristik obat, biaya, kebijakan rumah sakit, akses ke rumah sakit, terapi alternatif dan enabler agent (faktor enabling); karakteristik tenaga kesehatan dan dukungan eksternal dari berbagai pihak (faktor reinforcing). Konsep dan konstruk yang ditemukan membangun konstruk lokal Jawa Barat berlatar belakang karakteristik masyarakat Sunda dan bersifat kontekstual terhadap penyakit lupus.Kata kunci: Kepatuhan minum obat, lupus eritematosus sistemik, odapusDrug Adherence Drug in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital BandungSystemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that requires prolonged treatment. SLE creates physical, psychological, social, and economic burden for the patients; therefore, it is categorized as a catastrophic illness. Non-adherence to medication in SLE patient isan important factor that directly leads to poor outcome. The aim of this study was to explore the management and adherence of patients with SLE to improve the quality of life and to reduce the mortality rate. A qualitative study was undertaken to 6 sundanese SLE patients at the Rheumatology clinic in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in July-September 2016 by using open-ended questions in in-depth interviews with probing based on informant answers. The paradigm used was constructivism with triangulation to family members of 2 patients and 3 rheumatologist consultants in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Data collected were analyzed gradually through transcription, reduction, coding, categorizing, theme analysis, data interpretation, and theorizing. The results showed 57 codes, 14 categories, 3 themes that focused on the medication adherence of Lupus patients.The themes were categorized as predisposing (individual characteristics, memory, knowledge, experimentation, and consumption management), enabling (drug characteristic, cost, hospital policies, access to hospital, alternative therapy, and enabler agent), and reinforcing (characteristics of health care professionals and social support) according to the predetermined theory. This study has also identified the local concepts and constructs Sundanese people in West Java, which is contextual to the lupus disease.Key words: Adherence, systemic lupus erythematosus, odapus

Penggunaan Mobile Apps Kesehatan oleh Kader Pada Anjungan Mandiri Posyandu (AMP) Di Kecamatan Pasawahan, Purwakarta

Jurnal Kesehatan Vokasional Vol 4, No 1 (2019): February
Publisher : Sekolah Vokasi Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Background: Government needs community empowerment especially in Posyandu activity to improve health degree in Indonesia. Posyandu is the spearhead in maternal and child health services. Therefore, the cadre is a driver in Posyandu activities so that innovation is needed for an application to assist the task of cadres in reporting and recording of maternal and child health data.Objective: This study aims to determine the linkage of government policy in the use of mobile application apps by cadres on Anjungan Mandiri Posyandu (AMP).Method: The research method used is qualitative with case study approach. This research was conducted on active cadre in Posyandu of Pasawahan Village Kidul Subdistrict of Pasawahan Purwakarta Regency on May to July 2017. The data was collected by Focus Group Discussion (FGD) on 15 cadres. Sampling technique using purposive sampling. Results: The results of this study found that the recording and reporting of data in the form of Posyandu Information System (SIP) by cadres using AMP.Conclusion: It can be concluded in this research that with the application of mobile apps health on AMP can assist duty cadre in recording and reporting data to health center. Therefore, government policies are needed in the use of AMP for Posyandu in Indonesia.Keywords: Anjungan Mandiri Posyandu, Policy, Mobile Apps

Kepatuhan Minum Obat Pada Pasien Lupus Eritematosus Sistemik di RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung

Majalah Kedokteran Bandung Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Lupus eritematosus sistemik (LES) merupakan penyakit autoimun kronik yang mengharuskan penyandangnya minum obat dalam waktu lama bahkan seumur hidupnya. Keadaan ini selain menimbulkan dampak fisik, psikis maupun sosial juga menyebabkab biaya tinggi sehingga LES digolongkan sebagai penyakit catastrophic. Ketidakpatuhan minum obat penyandang LES akan berpengaruh langsung terhadap memburuknya outcome penyakit lupus. Penelitian bertujuan mengeksplorasi pelaksanaan dan kepatuhan minum obat pada pasien LES dengan harapan terjadinya perbaikan penatalaksanaan LES yang berdampak pada peningkatan kualitas hidup serta penurunan angka kematian karena LES. Telah dilakukan penelitian kualitatif terhadap 6 informan pasien LES suku Sunda di klinik reumatologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung pada bulan Juli sampai September 2016 dengan menggunakan pedoman wawancara mendalam open question yang dikembangkan sesuai dengan jawaban informan. Paradigma penelitan adalah constructivism dengan triangulasi terhadap 2 orang keluarga pasien dan 3 dokter konsultan klinik reumatologi RSUP Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara bertahap melalui proses transkripsi, reduksi, koding, kategorisasi, penyusunan tema, interprestasi data serta pembangunan konsep. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada 57 koding, 14 kategori, dan 3 tema yang mengarah kepada kepatuhan minum obat pasien LES. Ke-14 kategori kepatuhan tersebut terdiri dari: karakteristik individu, daya ingat, pengetahuan, eksperimen, dan manajemen konsumsi (faktor predisposing); karakteristik penyakit, karakteristik obat, biaya, kebijakan rumah sakit, akses ke rumah sakit, terapi alternatif dan enabler agent (faktor enabling); karakteristik tenaga kesehatan dan dukungan eksternal dari berbagai pihak (faktor reinforcing). Konsep dan konstruk yang ditemukan membangun konstruk lokal Jawa Barat berlatar belakang karakteristik masyarakat Sunda dan bersifat kontekstual terhadap penyakit lupus.Kata kunci: Kepatuhan minum obat, lupus eritematosus sistemik, odapusDrug Adherence Drug in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital BandungSystemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that requires prolonged treatment. SLE creates physical, psychological, social, and economic burden for the patients; therefore, it is categorized as a catastrophic illness. Non-adherence to medication in SLE patient isan important factor that directly leads to poor outcome. The aim of this study was to explore the management and adherence of patients with SLE to improve the quality of life and to reduce the mortality rate. A qualitative study was undertaken to 6 sundanese SLE patients at the Rheumatology clinic in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung in July-September 2016 by using open-ended questions in in-depth interviews with probing based on informant answers. The paradigm used was constructivism with triangulation to family members of 2 patients and 3 rheumatologist consultants in Dr. Hasan Sadikin General Hospital Bandung. Data collected were analyzed gradually through transcription, reduction, coding, categorizing, theme analysis, data interpretation, and theorizing. The results showed 57 codes, 14 categories, 3 themes that focused on the medication adherence of Lupus patients.The themes were categorized as predisposing (individual characteristics, memory, knowledge, experimentation, and consumption management), enabling (drug characteristic, cost, hospital policies, access to hospital, alternative therapy, and enabler agent), and reinforcing (characteristics of health care professionals and social support) according to the predetermined theory. This study has also identified the local concepts and constructs Sundanese people in West Java, which is contextual to the lupus disease.Key words: Adherence, systemic lupus erythematosus, odapus