Luhulima, CPF
Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Peran Kerja Sama IMT-GT Dalam Pembangunan Konektivitas Maritim Asean

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Transformasi Identitas Keindonesiaan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

Abstract Indonesia-Malaysia-Thailand Growth Triangle (IMT-GT) is recognized as one of the sub-regional cooperation to support ASEAN Community. However, geographical character differences and consequently creating different interests among three member states, is likely to hinder the implementation of the IMT-GT in establishing such connectivity. This study focuses on three issues, namely, the significance of IMT-GT for each member state, implementation of IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016, and the role of IMT-GT in building ASEAN connectivity, particularly in the maritime sector. Through correlative descriptive qualitative method, this study found that the IMT sub-region contributes nearly 50% for the Malaysian economy, supports the Indonesian vision of Global Maritime Fulcrum for Indonesia, as well as encourages the development of less-developed Southern Thailand region. In Addition, the implementation of  IMT-GT’s programs in 2012-2016 was still low, especially on the side of Indonesia due to too many programs were planned. Another finding was that IMT-GT has played  significant role in building the ASEAN connectivity through the development of five economic corridors, although it was still more on land connectivity rather than maritime connectivity.  Keywords: ASEAN, IMT-GT, connectivity, and maritime

Strategi Peningkatan Pemahaman Masyarakat Tentang Masyarakat Ekonomi ASEAN

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

AbstractASEAN is gradually changing their approach from top-to-bottom to a more grassroot style institution. The idea of creating a community push ASEAN to be more inclusive in implementing its programes. In realizing ASEAN Economic Community, public awareness and understandings is the key factor in whether the implementation of this ASEAN’s pillar will succeed. Recalling that the popularity of ASEAN and its frameworks are not significantly known in Indonesia, the survey and the policy paper that followed aim to find out the level of public understandings about ASEAN Economic Community which started to be implemented last year. Keywords: ASEAN, ASEAN Economic Community, Indonesia, public survey.

Problematika Kerja Sama Perbatasan Sepanjang Sungai Mekong antara Tiongkok dan ASEAN Bagian Utara

Jurnal Penelitian Politik Vol 13, No 1 (2016): Komunitas ASEAN dan Tantangan Ke Depan
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian Politik

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Abstract

AbstractFor centuries, the Mekong river has become the center of six riparian countries’s people life. Geographically, it flows through these countries for about 4,900 km.  It created a 795,000 km² river basin, distributed between the Upper Mekong River Basin that is formed by China (21 percent) and Myanmar (3 percent), as well as the Lower Mekong River Basin, which comprised Laos (25 percent), Thailand (23 percent), Cambodia (20 percent), and Viet Nam (8 percent) (FAO, 2011). To fullfill their own people’s needs over  the Mekong River and its subregion, those riparian states have been developing some transboundary cooperation initiatives among them. Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), Mekong Ricer Commission [MRC] etc. are examples of the transboundary cooperation. Besides, there are some other cooperations that cover the whole or part of the Mekong subregion but  do not specifically focus on Mekong River, i.e. ASEAN-China Free Trade Area and ASEAN Community. This condition creates a complexity of relationships among the cooperations in the Mekong subregion. This paper analysis some potential/existing problems i.e. a possibility that those cooperations overlap; the differences in the countries’ profile seem to create different interests among them etc. The analysis is based on some field research in some places [Vietnam, Laos, Thailand] in 2015. Keywords: transboundary cooperation, Northern ASEAN countries, GMS, MRC, Mekong River, connectivity.