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Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Analysis of Factors Affecting The Demand of Broiler Chicken Meat In Binjai City

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 7, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

Consumption of broiler chicken meat increase year by year in line with publicawareness increased of animal products. The demand for broiler chicken meat in Binjai Cityshows a fluctuating increase that estimated by a number of factors that influence it.The purposeof this research was identify the factor of family’s dependent number (X1), educational level(X2), family income (X3), price of broiler chicken (X4), taste (X5), age of respondent (X6), andprice of substitution was egg (X7) to broiler chicken demand in Binjai City.The analysismethod used in this research was multiple linear regression analysis method by using SPSS22.0. Sampling technique with slovin method with the samples were100 consumers of broilerchicken meat. This research was conducted from October until November 2017.The results showed that value of determination (R2) was 0,704. Simultaneously, the variablesshowed that they gave significant effect (P<0,05) to the demand of broiler chicken meat.Partially, family’s dependent number, income, chicken meat’s prices and tastes had asignificant effect to the demand of broiler chickens while the educational level, age ofrespondents and the price of egg did not give significant effect on the demand of broilerchicken meat in Binjai City. The conclusion of this research showed that the taste was the mostsignificant (increase) variable to the demand of broiler chicken in Binjai City and thenfollowed by the family’s dependent number, price of broiler chicken meat and family income.Keywords: Demand, Broiler Chicken, Price, Binjai

THE USE OF CASSAVA PEEL (Manihot utilisima) FERMENTATION IN THE RATION ON THE FAT OF MALE LOCAL SHEEP

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract. ARI ANDANI NASUTION, 2018: The Use Of Cassava Peel       (Manihot Utilisima) Fermentation In The Ration On The Fat Of Male Local Sheep Under supervised by HASNUDI and NURZAINAH GINTING. This study aims to determine how much influence the use of cassava peel (Manihot utilisima) fermentation in the rations on fat percentage of male local sheep. The research was conducted at the farm of Mr. Praditya located in Medan, in September-December 2017. The treatmen design used Completely Randomized Design (RAL) with 4 treatments and 5 replications. Using 20 local rams with an average of 10.18 ± 1 kg. The treatment provided is P0        (Cassava peel Non Fermentation), P1 (Cassava peel Fermentation 20%), P2 (Cassava peel Fermentation 40%), and P3 (Cassava peel Fermentation60%). The results showed that the average the percentage of subcutaneous fat of sheep of highest P3= 2.04 dan low P0= 1.10 (kg/head). Average percentage of abdomen fat of highest P0= 2.364 and low P3= 2.148 (kg/head). Average percentage of heart of highest P0P2P3= 0.204 and low P1= 0.198 (kg/head). Average percentage of kidneys fat of highest P2= 0.300 and low P0= 0.24 (kg/head). Average percentage of pelvis fat of highest P3= 0.284 and low        P0= 0.262 (kg/head). The conclusion of this research is the high use of fermented cassava peel in the ration can increase the percentage of subcutaneous fat and percentage of pelvis fat, butcauses the percentage of abdomen fat percentage of heart, and percentage  of kidneys fat. Keywords : Cassava peel, Fermentation, Fat, Local Lamb

ANALYSIS OF FACTORS AFFECTING BEEF SUPPLY IN THE DISTRICT DELI SERDANG

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract.One reason for the low number of beef consumption in Indonesia in particular Deli Serdang is the least amount of beef offered traders. Therefore, a study was conducted in March 2016 to April 2016 to examine the factors that influence the beef supply in Deli Serdang. The method used was survey with interviews to traders guided by questionnaire. The sample selection started on the personal judgment of researchers who claimed that the selected sample truly represented. Methods of data collection were to collect primary and secondary data. The results showed that marketing cost factors and profit  affected the amount of beef offered. The purchase price was not influenced of a great day and the influence of other commodities  not affect partially on the amount of beef offered.

Financial Analysis of Broiler Farm Business in Batu Penjamuran Village Sub District Namorambe (Case Studies on farms Andarias with partnership patterns)

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract.This research was conducted  Batu Penjamuran Village Namorambe sub district. The research was conducted in June until December 2016. Research method used was case study at broiler farm Andarias. The location determination in this study was conducted directly on the basis that livestock farming Andarias was a potential farm and has had never been analyzed its business feasibility. This research was used data collection method by observation and direct interview to farmer Andarias. This research showed the income earned by breeder Andarias, in the year 2014 to 2016 sequantially each month as much as Rp. 9.327.568, Rp. 5.508.219, and  Rp. 9.023.066.NPV value of 250,784,644, IRR of 66.58% and R / C of 1.08% which could then be declared as a reasonable information. Therefore, the conclusions generated by the researcher was a livestock business by Mr. Andarias expressed could be continued and developed.

Development of Tape Measure Model’s and Body Weight Estimation Formula Based on Chest Size on Horse

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

This study aims to test the reliability or accuracy of various types of tape measure and develop models measuring tape and body weight estimation formula based on the size of the heart girth at horse. This research was conducted in Humbang Hasundutan district, North Tapanuli  district, Karo district, and Samosir district in May-July 2017. The tape measure used is the measuring tape Agrotech, Animeter and Rondo, then use a formula Schoorl and Smith as a comparison, and using a simple correlation analysis in testing research data. Estimating body weight in the horse that is closest to using a measuring tape based on the regression formula that has been obtained from this study. The result showed that the estimation of body weight for horse using measuring tape Agrotech, Animeter and Rondo obtained deviation 13,22% for male horse and 9,21% for female horse. It is concluded that estimation weight closest to horse is using a regression formula, that for male horse Y = -665,72+6,14X with deviation 0,43% and for female horse Y = -707,97+6,34X with deviation 0,28%.

The Effect of Fermented Sago Pulp on Performances and Income Over Feed Cost (IOFC) Local Sheep

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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This study aims to determine the effect of fermented sago pulp in rations on performance (weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion) and local sheeps income over feed cost (IOFC). This research was carried out in the community farms of Karang Rejo Village, Stabat District, Langkat Regency. This research started from March to June 2017. The design used was complete randomized design (RAL), with 4 treatment of 5 replications. Each replication consisted of 1 local sheep with an initial weight of 11.05 ± 0.56 kg. The treatment consisted of P1 (50% sago pulp without fermentation + forage), P2 (60% of sago pitch without fermentation + forage), P3 (50% fermented sago pulp + forage), and P4 (60% fermented sago pulp +). The observed variables were performance (body weight gain, feed consumption, feed conversion) and income over feed cost (IOFC). The results showed that the treatment of fermented sago pulp gave a very real effect (P <0.01) on daily weight gain. The mean of P1 = 33,05 g, P2 = 39,95 g, P3 = 46,57 g, P4 = 54,38g. The consumption of fermented sago pulp treatment has a real effect (P <0,01). With average P1 = 486,38 g, P2 = 548,68 g, P3 = 604,69 g, P4 = 671,11 gr. Against the conversion of fermented sago pulp fermentation treatment gave a real effect (P <0.05). With  average P1 = 14.78, P2 = 13.90, P3 = 12.99, P4 = 12,49. IOFC the highest local sheep is Rp. 121.568 on treatment of P4 and IOFC lowest at treatment P1 equal to Rp.73.315. The conclusion of the research shows that the utilization of fermented sago pulp can increase body weight gain, feed consumption, local sheep feed conversion. P4 treatment economically has a better economic level than P1,P2 and P3.

Digestibility of Dry Matter and Organic Matter of Fermented Sago Pulp on Local Sheep Male Weaning

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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This study aims to analyze the digestibility of dry matter and organic matter of fermented sago pulp alternative feed on local sheep male weaning. Research conducted at Karang Rejo village farm, Stabat district, Langkat. This study in Maret 2016-Juny 2017. The design used was completely randomized design (CRD), with four treatments five replications. Each repeat consists of one local sheep male weaning with the average of body weight  8-10 kg. The treatment consisted of P1(consentrat with 50% sago pulp without fermented + forage), P2 (consentrat with 60% sago pulp without fermented + forage), P3 (consentrat with 50% sago pulp fermented + forage), and P4 (consentrat with 60% sago pulp fermented + forage). The variable were studied dry matter consumption, organic matter consumption, dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility. Results of analysis of variance show that the utilization of fermented sago pulp waste had highly significantly different effect (P<0,01) on dry matter consumption of treatment P1, P2, P3 and P4 is 486,38; 548,68; 604,69;and 671,11 (gr/head/day), and organic matter consumption is 469,34; 525,22; 582,42 and 644,40 (gr/head/day). And average of dry matter digestibility waste not significantly different effect (P>0,05) on value dry matter digestibility of treatment P1, P2, P3 and P4 is 79,04; 79,23; 78,59 and 78,23 (%), average of organic matter digestibility is 81,66; 81,43; 80,79 and 80,27 (%). Increasing use of fermented pulp sago increases the value of dry matter consumption and organic matter consumption in local sheep feed. Conclusions of fermented sago pulp can not to increase dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility, but fermented and non-fermented sago pulp can be given to sheep male weaning up to 60%, because the digestibility value of the two ingredients is above 70%.

Response of Fertilization with Goat Urine Fermentation Against the Growth of Leguminosa Indigofera (Indigofera zollingeriana) and Turi (Sesbania grandiflora) as animal feed ingredients in Samosir Regency

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

The need for animal feed in Pangururan District, Samosir Regency is very lacking, and livestock waste is also a problem in the community environment, so the utilization of EM4 goat's urine waste is expected to increase the growth of Indigofera (Indigofera zollingeriana) and Turi (Sesbania grandiflora) legumes in appropriate doses. . This research was conducted in Pangururan Subdistrict, Samosir Regency, North Sumatra from April to August 2018. The research design used in this research was factorial randomized block design (RBD) which was divided into 2 treatment groups and 3 replications. The first factor is the type of plant (L), L1 = Indigofera zollingeriana and L2 = Sesbania grandiflora and the second factor is the dose of fertilization (P), P0 = without fertilization (Control), P1 = 200 ml / polybag, P2 = 250 ml / polybag, P3 = 300 ml / polybag, and P4 = 350 ml / polybag). Parameters observed were plant height, number of stalks, number of leaves, and stem diameter. The results showed that respons of liquid organic fertilizer of goat urine fermented by EM4 with various doses of fertilization had a significant effect on the parameters of the study, namely plant height, number of stalks, number of leaves, and stem diameter. The conclusion of this study is that fertilization with a dose of 200 ml / polybag gives optimal results in the growth of Indigofera (Indigofera zollingeriana) and Turi (Sesbania grandiflora) legumes.

DECREASING TREND OF SAMOSIR PANORUSAN GOAT POPULATION IN PANGURURAN SUB DISTRICT: CAUSING FACTORS

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Abstract

This research was conducted at the people’s farm in Pangururan sub-district, Samosir district. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the reduction rate of Panorusan goat population. The method used was multiple linier regression analysis with variabel limitations, i.e.  animal feed quality, quantity of field grass, and goat sales to other areas. This research was conducted by asking directly to the breeder and giving a randomly selected questionnaire. The total of  55 goat breeders are divided into 2-3 breeders/village. From the research it was known that the dominant factor that causes the rate of reduction in goat Panorusan Samosir population was goat sales to other areas.

Effectiveness of Gambir (Uncariagambir Roxb) on the Performances of Infected Broiler Chickens by Escherichia coli.

Jurnal Peternakan Integratif Vol 6, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Program Studi Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian USU Medan (Dept. of Animal Science, Faculty of

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Gambir has the potential as an antibacterial which is traditionally used as a drug for diarrhea. This study examines the effectiveness of gambir on performance which includes feed consumption, body weight gain, feed conversion and income over feed cost (IOFC) in broiler chickens infected with E. coli. It was held in November - December 2017 at the Laboratory of Biology, Animal Husbandry Study Program, Faculty of Agriculture University of Sumatera Utara, using a completely randomized design (CRD) with 6 treatments and 3 replications. The treatment consisted of P0A = without infection and without treatment, P0B = infection with E. coli and P1, P2, P3, respectively E. coli infection + Gambir solution 2%, 4%, 6% and P4 = E. coli + infection Tetracycline antibiotics. The results showed that the administration of gambir solution at a dose of 2% - 6% was significantly (P<0.05) effective in  improving the performances of broiler chickens infected with E.coli and able to compensate for the use of commercial antibiotics in the form of tetracycline. The highest IOFC is in the 4% gambir solution.Keywords: gambir, escherichia coli, broiler performance.