Articles

Found 8 Documents
Search

RESISTENSI PRIMER MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS DENGAN TARGET Gen rpoB

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 8, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (182.868 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Detection of primary resistance in sputum samples of patients with pulmonary tuberculosis AFB (+) with molecular analysis on the target rpoB gene causes anti-tuberculosis drug resistance (OAT) rifampicin can be beneficial to the holder of a policy program to look for tuberculosis control efforts, one of attempt to overcome these problems is to deliver information about the resistance report in this interval. This research observasional descriptive study, the research variables Mycobacterium tuberculosis rpoB gene mutations and patients with pulmonary TB sputum smear (+), with the number of 50 sputum samples with acidental sampling technique. This study results showed all the samples (50 samples) microscopic examination of smear and PCR diagnostics with primary genes and gene Tb1-Tb2 results are positive (+) tuberculosis (100%). By nested PCR amplification techniques to prove that the primary gene rpoB1 negative results of 23 samples (46%), with the primary gene rpoB2 negative results in 13 samples (26%). Conclusion: A total of 13 samples (26%) occurred mutation in the gene rpoB / is resistant to the antibiotic rifampin.

HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN SISWA TENTANG DAMPAK ROKOK BAGI KESEHATAN DENGAN PERILAKU MEROKOK SISWA DI SMA PGRI BOLO TAHUN 2015

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 9, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (308.462 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Smoking is an substance additive threaten because inside contain subtance danger body . world healty organization (WHO) and some articles scientific explain in every smoke contain ± 4000 scientific poison and between 43 character carsinogenik ( stimulate grown of cancer ), behave that , eventually more controversial about smoke circle on student. Be based on the top , reseacher take title “ relationship level knowlage student impact about healty and attitude smoking student in High School PGRI Bolo “. purpose for identification level relationship student knowlage about impact of smoking about healty and attitude smoking student in High School PGRI Bolo and using design reseacher descriptif analitik approacment method cross sectional , with 40 totaling sample respondent in accordance with the inclusion criteria ware taken by total sampleing technique . the experiment was conducted for 4 days on 6–9 march 2015 using a questionnaire. Based on the result of statistical test of pearson correlations with the aid of computer equipment (SPSS system), where the value of the proposed α < 0,05 significance of test result obtained value r = 0,887 significant value p= 0,0000, that is to say α < 0,05 (0,0000 < 0,05) , it means there is a strong relationship between the level of studance knowlage about the impact of smoking on healt and smoking bahavior of student in High School PGRI Bolo. Conclusion that respinden knowlageable anough about  smoking behavior in the medium category, this means the better the student level of knowlage about the effect of smoking on health , the more negative behavior of student smoking in High School PGRI Bolo.

GOLD IMMUNOCHROMATOGRAPHIC ASSAY (GICA) SEBAGAI IMUNOSENSOR MENDETEKSI ANTIBODI Bacillus Anthracis PENYEBAB PENYAKIT ZOONOSIS

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 9, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (487.789 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: The purpose of this study was to identify patterns of protein antigens full / secretory antigens may be antigenic protein (PA) of Bacillus anthracis by the use of SDS-PAGE method (Laemmli) which can be used as bioreseptor on the test device fabrication method for detecting antibodies GICA of Bacillus anthracis , identify patterns of proteins that are antigenic protein (PA) or indicate the nature of the reactivity of Bacillus anthracis by using Western blotting and Determining the specificity and sensitivity of the test method to detect antibodies GICA Bacillus anthracis when using the results of the ELISA method as a reference. This study is a descriptive observational study. Research variable antigenic protein of Bacillus anthracis as bioreseptor and Antibodies from Bacillus anthracis as imunosenssor. The test prototype test device made using 20 sample with ELISA as a reference for calculating the sensitivity and specificity. The results of this study were identified band – band of 92 kDa, 68 kDa, 54 kDa, 43 kDa, 29 kDa and 18 kDa that can be used as bioreseptor on GICA, identified a pattern of proteins that are antigenic or indicate the nature of the reactivity of the Bacillus anthracis 68 kDa by Western blotting using the method, extract secretory antigen (SA) Bacillus anthracis can be used as a test device bioreseptor on GICA method for the detection of IgG antibodies against Bacillus anthracis and sensitivity and specificity of the test method to detect antibodies GICA Bacillus anthracis when using the results of the ELISA method as a reference each is 100% and 87.5%.

ANALISIS FAKTOR – FAKTOR PENYEBAB MASALAH PUTUS OBAT PADA PROGRAM KONTROL TUBERKULOSIS DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS GERUNG LOMBOK BARAT

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 8, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.237 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Health development as part of the national development implemented gradually and continuously, and is intended to improve the welfare of the people as a whole. One part of health development is the implementation of infectious disease eradication program. Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the world situation gets worse by the number of cases continues to rise and many are not successfully treated, especially countries that are grouped in 22 countries with Pulmonary Tuberculosis big problem (high-burden countries), so that in 1993 the WHO declared as one of Pulmonary Tuberculosis emergency one of the world (global emergency). The purpose of this study was to determine the factors that cause medication discontinuation problems in tuberculosis control programs. Design used in this study is to approach Retrospective Cross Sectional Study. The population in this study were all patients with TB who enter the working area of  Public Health Center Registration Gerung West Lombok. The research sample consists of 10 respondents. The independent variables are factors that cause the problem of drug withdrawal and the dependent variable is the TB patients who drop out of medicine. Data obtained using quisioner. The results of this study indicate that the psychological burden on the majority of TB patients who drop out of medicine and the treatment of TB patients showed a majority of respondents felt unable to reduce the disease during consumption of drugs, and most respondents felt forced to discontinue treatment because of resistance in drug consumption, but they feel no difficulty in the treatment and feel they have support from family and health workers.  

THE EXERCISE FOR DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2

Jurnal Kesehatan Prima Vol 10, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Prima
Publisher : poltekkes kemenkes mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.303 KB)

Abstract

Abstract : Diabetes mellitus type 2 is caused by insulin resistance, thus it produces hyperglicemia (blood glucose > 126 mg/dl) and usually occurs in weight more than normal (Soeparman, 1991; Christine, 2002). The exercise is an activity which is useful for diabetic as it can reduce blood glucose. When exercising, the body needs energy which is mostly obtained from glucose in body. While exercising, there is enhancement of power needs. Therefore, the glucose level in body will reduce because of that activity. The exercise is useful to the body is not just any sport activities, it can be said useful if there is achievement of target pulse, it does not seen from fatigue which is felt or amount of sweat that is produced. When the pulse to be achieved can stimulate organ function, the body will always respond each burden and accustomed with FITT (frequency, intensity, time and type), in terms of frequency 3 times a week, aerobic intensity 60-70% DNM, time 20-30 minutes, and type; jogging, run and other types of exercises (Wiarto, 2013). The advantage of exercise is to control blood-glucose, enhance high-quality cholesterol level (HDL), lose weight, improve musculoskeletal symptoms, improve quality of life, and prevent the occurence of diabetes mellitus. If the exercise is concucted appropriately, thus the indicator of its success is fasting blood glucose 80 to < 100 mg/dL, blood glucose after meal 80 to <145 mg/dL, HbAlc < 7%, LDL < 100 mg/dL, HDL for men ≥ 40 mg/dL, for women ≥ 50 mg/dL, trigliserida < 150 mg/dL, total cholesterol < 200 mg/dL, and blood pressure is 120/80 mmHG (Suryono E, 2013)).

The influence of supportive psychotherapy toward patient anxiety to pre-hyperbaric therapy

International journal of health sciences Vol 2 No 3: December 2018
Publisher : Universidad Tecnica de Manabi

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The used of Hyperbaric therapy at Port Health Center of West Nusa Tenggara keeps increasing.There were fifteen patients with thirty-six times of visit during 2011. Meanwhile, there were twelve type of cases in which forty-two pateints came eighty-one times in 2012. However, this therapy also meets an annulment due to psychological condition such patients’ anxiety. There were three cases found in 2011 whereas five patients could not perform this therapy in 2012. The annulment of therapy caused by a fear and anxiety factors. This information was obtained from patients. Moreover, according to Port Health Center of West Nusa Tenggara in 2012 reported “physical assessment that is conducted indicated the incresing of blood pressure, pulse rate frequency, and excessive of sweat. The objective was to find out the influence of supportive psychotherapy toward patients’ anxiety against pre-hyperbaric therapy at Port Health Center. The research was done at Hyperbaric therapy chamber in July to November 2012. The research design employed pre and post test.

PERAN KELUARGA DALAM PENCEGAHAN ISPA PADA BALITA UMUR 0-5 TAHUN

Jurnal Analis Medika Biosains (JAMBS) Vol 3, No 1 (2016): JURNAL ANALIS MEDIKA BIO SAINS
Publisher : Jurusan Analis Kesehatan, Poltekkes Kemenkes Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (566.425 KB)

Abstract

Penyakit ISPA (Infeksi Saluran Pernafasan Akut) dimana dampak yang ditimbulkan sangat besar terhadap penderita, tidak hanya pada anak-anak tetapi juga orang dewasa. Selain itu penyakit ISPA dapat menjadi pemicu dari penyakit-penyakit yang lain dan berkembang menjadi penyakit yang berbahaya. Penanganan dini terhadap penyakit ISPA terbukti dapat menurunkan angka kematian. ISPA juga sangat erat berhubungan dengan sanitasi lingkungan dan prilaku hidup bersih. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui Peran Keluarga Dalam Pencegahan ISPA Pada Balita di Desa Sesela Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gunung Sari Kabupaten Lombok Barat. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif. Populasi 1.141 orang. Sampel 92 orang. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah proporsional  random sampling. Data diolah secara deskriptif dan disajikan dalam bentuk tabel. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar responden dalam kategori baik dalam pelaksanaan peran keluarga sebanyak 75 responden (81,52%), responden berada pada umur 18-40 tahun sebanyak 90 responden (98,82%), kategori pendidikan berada pada pendidikan dasar sebanyak 49 responden (53,26%), kategori pekerjaan sebagian besar responden sebagai tidak bekerja (IRT) sebanyak 67 responden (72,83%). Kesimpulan penelitian ini yakni peran keluarga dalam kategori baik, sehingga diharapkan untuk mempertahankan pemanfaatan fasilitas kesehatan sebagai langkah dalam pencegahan penyakit ISPA.

PENGARUH LIFE REVIEW THERAPY TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF LANSIA DEMENSIA DI PSTW PUSPAKARMA MATARAM

Jurnal Keperawatan Terpadu (Integrated Nursing Journal) Vol 1, No 1 (2019): APRIL
Publisher : Jurusan Keperawatan, Poltekkes Kemenkes Mataram

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Melihat kembali kehidupan sebelumnya (Life Review Therapy) merupakan proses yang normal berkaitan dengan pendekatan terhadap proses kematian. Reintegrasi yang sukses dapat memberikan arti dalam kehidupan dan mempersiapkan seseorang untuk mati, tanpa disertai rasa cemas dan rasa takut. Hasil diskusi terahir tentang proses ini, menemukan melihat kembali kehidupan sebelumnya merupakan salah satu strategi untuk merawat masalah jiwa lansia. Desain penelitian ini, adalah Quasi Eksperiment dengan pendekatan One Group Pre-Test dan Post-Test. Sampelnya adalah lansia yang mengalami demensia yang berada di Panti Sosial Tresna Werdha “Puspakarma “Mataram dengan tehnik pengambilan sampel menggunakan Total Sampling denganjumlah responden 10 orang. Tehnik pengumpulan data mengunakan dokumentasi, wawancara, dan observasi dengan uji statistik menggunakan t-test. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan bahwa dari 10 responden terdapat 9 kelayan mengalami gangguan kognitif berat dan 1 orang mengalami gangguan kognitif sedang, setelah diberikan Life Review Therapy kepada 10 Orang responden terjadi perubahan yang signifikan dimana ditemukan 7 orang responden dengan kategori kerusakan kognitif berat, 3 orang responden dengan kategori berat. Dengan hasil uji t-test dengan nilai p 0,005 dengan tingkat kemaknaan ≤ 0,05. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa setelah diberikan life review therapy terjadi perubahan pada tingkat kemampuan kognitif lansia. Sehingga Life Review Therapy lebih dapat diterapkan sebagai salah satu terapi modalitas.