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Bioactivities Screening of Indonesian Marine Bacteria Isolated from Sponges Artanti, Nina; Maryani, Faiza; Mulyani, Hani; Dewi, Rizna Triana; Saraswati, Vienna; Murniasih, Tutik
ANNALES BOGORIENSES Vol 20, No 1 (2016): Annales Bogorienses
Publisher : Research Center for Biotechnology - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (148.451 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/ab.v20i1.234

Abstract

The marine bacteria were cultured in liquid medium under shaking condition were extracted with ethyl acetate. Antidiabetes was measured using inhibition of α-glucosidase inhibitory activity method; antioxidant was measured using DPPH free radical scavenging activity method; antibacterial was tested using disc diffusion method.S creening results showed that at sample concentration of 200 µg/ml, there was significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activity was detected in the extracts of strain sp 7.9 (84% inhibition) and 8.10 (75% inhibition),however the antioxidant activity of these two strains were low only around 30% inhibition, antioxidant activities of other strains were very low.Screening for antibacterial activities using 10µl samples showed that extract of strain Sp 8.5was best for Staphylococcusaureus (14 mm inhibition); Sp 7.9 and Sp 8.5 for Bacillus subtilis (18 mm inhibition); Sp 8.10 for Escherichia coli (10 mm inhibition); Sp 8.9 and Sp 8.10 for Pseudomonas aeuriginosa. Based on these results marine bacteria strain Sp 7.9 and Sp 8.10 were selected to be used for further studies in the isolation of bioactive that has potential as antidiabetes and antibacterial.Results of molecular identification conducted by INACC showed that identity of both strain based on BLAST Homology using NCBI database were Bacillus thuringiensis strain Ou2.
in vitro Antidiabetic, Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Activities of Syzygium cumini Fractions from Leaves Ethanol Extract Artanti, Nina; Maryani, Faiza; Dewi, Rizna Triana; Handayani, Sri; Dewijanti, Indah Dwiatmi; Meilawati, Lia; Filaila, Euis; Udin, Linar Zalinar
Indonesian Journal of Cancer Chemoprevention Vol 10, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Indonesian Society for Cancer Chemoprevention

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14499/indonesianjcanchemoprev10iss1pp24-29

Abstract

Ethanol extract of Syzygium cumini (jamblang) leaves reveal its significant α-glucosidase inhibitory activity which perform the potential activity of this plant extract as antidiabetic agent. However, other bioactivities of this plant extract have been reported. The aim of current study was to evaluate the comparison of in vitro antidiabetic, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of S. cumini fractions. The S. cumini leaves ethanol extract was fractionated by using column chromatography with n-hexane, ethyl acetate and methanol as eluents. Seven fractions were obtained from column chromatography (F1-7). The results showed that the best antidiabetic activity was found in F5 (93% α-glucosidase inhibitory activity), the best antioxidant activity was found in F4 (83% inhibition of DPPH free radical) and the best cytotoxic activity was found in F2 (69% growth inhibition of T47D breast cancer cell line). Therefore besides in vitro antidiabetic activity, fractions of S. cumini leaves ethanol extract also showed antioxidant and cytotoxic activities. Since the results showed that the most active fractions for antidiabetic, antioxidant and cytotoxicity were differed, it could be possible to isolate the different potential active compounds for each activity.Keywords : Syzygium cumini, α-glucosidase inhibitor, DPPH, cytotoxicity
PENGARUH LOKASI DAN PELARUT PENGEKSTRAKSI TERHADAP KANDUNGAN FITOKIMIA DAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN EKSTRAK PEGAGAN (Centella asiatica L. Urb) Artanti, Nina; Dewi, Rizna Triana; Maryani, Faiza
Jurnal Kimia Terapan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Applied Chemistry) Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Research Center for Chemistry - LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1479.245 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jkti.v16i2.13

Abstract

Pegagan (Centella asiatica Linn Urb.) merupakan jenis tanaman yang biasa digunakan dalam industry farmasi dan kosmetik.Penelitian ini ditujukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh tiga lokasi asal sampel dan tiga jenis larutan pengekstraksi (methanol, etanol 96% (v/v), dan etanol 70% (v/v)) terhadap aktivitas antioksidan herbal pegagan (Centella asiaticaLinn Urb).Sampel pegagan yang digunakan pada peneltian ini berasal dari Lembang, Bandung, dan Solo.  Pada ekstrak yang diperoleh dilakukan penentuan kadar fenol total, flavonoid total, dan triterpenoid total. Aktivitas antioksidan dari ekstrak dievaluasi berdasarkan metoda peredaman radikal bebas 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH).  Hasil yang diperoleh menunjukkan bahwa simplisia pegagan asal Lembang yang diekstrak dengan etanol 70% mempunyai aktivitas antioksidan tertinggi serta kandungan fenol total dan flavonoid total tertinggi. Sedangkan simplisia pegagan asal Bandung yang diekstrak dengan pelarut metanol memiliki kandungan triterpenoid total tertinggi tetapi memiliki kandungan fenol total dan flavonoid total serta aktivitas antioksidan yang terendah.  Hasil analisa statistik menunjukkan bahwa lokasi asal simplisia pegagan dan polaritas pelarut yang digunakan untuk ekstraksi secara signifikan (p<0,05) mempengaruhi kandungan fenol total, flavonoid total dan triterpenoid total serta aktivitas antioksidan dari ekstrak pegagan.Kata kunci: ekstrak pegagan, antioksidan, polaritas pelarut Pegagan (Centella asiatica Linn Urb.) is a plant species that commonly used in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry. Objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of different source location and solvent polarity for the extraction to the content of total phenolic, total flavonoid total triterpenoids as well as antioxidanti activity of pegagan ((Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urb.)extracts.  Pegagan materials for this study are from three different locations: Bandung, Lembang and Solo.  Based on polarity differences methanol, ethanol 96% and ethanol 70% were used as solvent for extraction.  Antioxidant activity of the extract was evaluated based on the method of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity.  Results showed that the highest total phenolic content and flavonoid content and antioxidant activity were from 70% ethanol extract from Lembang. Materials from Bandung extracted with methanol gave the highest content of total triterpenoid, however has the lowest content of total phenolic, total flavonoid and antioxidant activity.  Statistic  analysis showed that there is significant differences (p<0,05) of results of total phenolic, total flavonoid, total triterpenoid and antioxidant activity due to source location and solvent polarity. Keywords:Centella asiatica (Linn.) Urb extract, antioxidant, polarity solvent