Admi, Masda
Syiah Kuala University

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Inhibition of Salmonella sp. Growth in Comparison with Antibiotics and Pineapple (Ananas comosus) Squeeze Admi, Masda; Erina, Erina; Azhari, Azhari; Balqis, Ummu; Hambal, Muhammad; Darmawi, Darmawi
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

The purpouse of this study to examine antibiotics inhibition growth of Salmonella sp. isolated from feces of broiler chickens to chloramphenicol, gentamicin, and tetracycline in coparison with pineapple squeeze. Swab  sample  from  broiler  chicken  cloaca  was  cultured  to  nutrient  broth  media  and incubated at 37°C temperature for 24 hours. Culture was compared with Mc Farland 3 standardization, and separated on surface of Muller Hinton Agar (MHA). Antibiotic sensitivity was tested by mean of  chloramphenicol, gentamisin, and tetrasiklin in coparison with pineapple squeeze. The antibiotic disks (Oxoid) were put on the surface of MHA media which had inoculated with Salmonella sp. bacteria. Antibiotic sensitivity was determined based on formation of inhibition zone in surrounding of antibiotic disc. The result showed that Salmonella sp. bacteria growth was inhibited in ≥ 21 mm and ≥ 18 mm, ≥ 7 mm and ≥ 9 mm against chloramphenicol, gentamisin, tetrasiklin, and pineapple squeeze respectively. This research concluded that the Salmonella sp. cultured in this manner were sensitive to chloramphenicol and gentamisin. The inhibition growth of Salmonella sp. caused by chloramphenicol and gentamicin was significantly higher in comparison with pineapple (Ananas comosus) squeeze, meanwhile the Salmonella sp. bacteria was resistance against tetracycline. Our result suggest that both antibiotics chloramphenicol and gentamicin were recommended for antibiotic therapy in Salmonella sp. infection.
Mucosal Mast Cells Contribution in Intestinal Defense of Chickens (Gallus domesticus) Infected Naturally by Ascaridia galli Balqis, Ummu; Admi, Masda; Darmawi, Darmawi; Hambal, Muhammad
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 2 (2015): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.91 KB)

Abstract

This study was aimed at finding out the investigation of mucosal mast cells   in intestines of chicken  that  were  naturally  infected  by  Ascaridia galli.  Amount  of  ten  intestine  of  freshly slaughtered chickens (Gallus domesticus) found from local abatoir in Banda Aceh were divided into two groups containing five intestines of each. Mucosal mast cells count were done of which histologic slides were made in stained serial histological sections with Alcian blue (pH 0,3) and Safranin-O (pH 0,1) of the intestines. The result showed that the mucosal mast cells increased significantly (P < 0.05) in intestines of chickens infected naturally by survival A. galli adult worms. It was concluded that the intestinal defense of chickens against parasite infection is associated with the mucosal mast cells contribution by creating an environment hostile to the establishment and survival of intestinal nematodes, A. galli.