Larasati, Meirina Dwi
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

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Efektifitas Aktivitas Peer Group terhadap Penurunan Berat Badan dan Persen Lemak Tubuh pada Remaja Overweight

Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya Vol 30, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Diet rendah energi dan peningkatan aktivitas secara individual belum efektif dalam penurunan berat badan. Oleh karena itu, perlu dicari metode lain atau memodifikasi metode dengan membentuk kelompok peer group aktivitas. Tujuan penelitian ini menganalisis efektifitas aktivitas peer group terhadap kepatuhan aktivitas fisik, kepatuhan diet, penurunan berat badan dan persen lemak tubuh pada remaja overweight. Desain penelitian menggunakan Randomized Controlled Trial dengan rancangan eksperimental ulang pre-posttest control group design. Subjek penelitian adalah remaja putri overweight sebanyak 13 orang kelompok kontrol dan 13 orang kelompok perlakuan. Subjek dilakukan intervensi berupa jogging minimal 30 menit dan naik turun tangga sebanyak 10 kali per hari selama empat minggu. Ukuran kepatuhan diet diambil setiap minggu berdasarkan hasil recall 2x24 jam selama 4 minggu. Perbedaan kepatuhan aktivitas fisik dan kepatuhan diet diuji menggunakan Chi Square Test sedangkan perubahan berat badan dan persen lemak tubuh menggunakan ANOVA Repeated Measure Test. Ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara kepatuhan aktivitas fisik (p=0,000) dan penurunan berat badan (p=0,004) antara kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol namun tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan antara kepatuhan diet (p>0,05) dan penurunan persen lemak tubuh (p=0,382) antara kelompok perlakuan dan kontrol. Peer group efektif dalam meningkatkan aktivitas fisik dan menurunkan berat badan pada remaja overweight.

Hubungan Faktor Risiko Malnutrisi dan Kadar Albumin Serum terhadap Lama Rawat Inap Pasien Kanker Ginekologi

Jurnal Kedokteran Brawijaya Vol 29, No. 4 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Skrining gizi menjadi tahapan awal penentuan risiko malnutrisi dan albumin sebagai salah satu parameter malnutrisi. Keduanya dapat mengidentifikasi status gizi dan menentukan intervensi gizi dalam mencegah komplikasi dan memperpendek masa lama rawat inap. Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan risiko malnutrisi yang diukur menggunakan Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) dan kadar albumin serum terhadap lama rawat inap pasien kanker ginekologi. Penelitian observasional dengan rancangan kohort prospektif dilakukan pada bulan Februari s.d April 2016. Sebanyak 64 pasien dilakukan skrining risiko malnutrisi menggunakan MST dengan wawancara. Kadar albumin serum dan lama rawat inap dilihat dari catatan medis pasien. MST mampu mendeteksi risiko malnutrisi pada 33 orang (51,6%) dan tidak berisiko manlutrisi pada 31 orang (48,4%). Meskipun secara statistik tidak signifikan subjek berisiko malnutrisi meningkatkan lama rawat inap 0,66 kali (95% CI=0,29-1,51) dan hipoalbumin 1,31 kali (95% CI=0,47-3,66). Tindakan pembedahan dan status bekerja menjadi faktor yang berperan pada lama rawat inap pasien kanker ginekologi.

EFEKTIFITAS SENAM AEROBIC INTENSITAS SEDANG TERHADAP PERSEN LEMAK TUBUH DAN BERAT BADAN PADA MAHASISWI OVERWEIGHT DI JURUSAN GIZI POLTEKKES KEMENKES SEMARANG

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background  : Communicable diseases is one of the health problems causing deaths in Indonesia. To handle the problem, the government formed Posbindu-PTM which is expected to detect as early as possible non-communicable diseases. Posbindu-PTM is expected to solve the problem but its participation is still low. The success of Posbindu-PTM is influenced by various factors such as the level of knowledge, completeness of facilities and infrastructure and family support.Objective  : To determine the determinant factors of community participation in posbindu-PTM in the work area of Puskesmas Leyangan, Semarang regency. Method  : A recent survey of analytic research design it is the were cross sectional .Large in the entire household sample 107 and extraction of to be sampled taking proportionate random sampling .The data were drawn their level of participation , community knowledge , the completeness of the facilities and infrastructures and family encouragement uses a questionnaire .It is anticipated that analysis data using chi-square to bivariat and the regression of the logistics simple to multivariate .Result  : Active community participation on Posbindu-PTM 67,3% and less active 32,7%. Bivariate analysis of the relationship between the knowledge level of the community and the participation of p = 0,000, the relation of facilities and infrastructure with participation p = 0,021 and family support relationship with participation p = 0,000. Multivariate analysis of knowledge level p = 0,000 (p value <0,05), completeness of facility and infrastructure p = 0,483 (p value> 0,05) and family support p = 0,162 (p value> 0,05). Conclusion: The factors that influence community participation in Posbindu-PTM in Leyangan Puskesmas are knowledge level, completeness of facilities and infrastructure and family support and the most dominant is the level of knowledge.

EFEKTIVITAS EDUKASI GIZI MENGGUNAKAN MEDIA KOMIK TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP TENTANG GIZI SEIMBANG PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 5, No 2 (2017): November (2017)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background  : Some issue found during preliminary survey and have not revealed the good dietary habit with balanced nutrient; for example: did not bring lunch and drink from home, buy unhealthy snack outside the school, and low knowledge about the importance of high protein side-dish, vegetables, and fruits. Nutrition education for elementary school students can support them to have good dietary habit. Using media can help us to give information.Objective  :  To know the influence of giving an education of balanced nutrient using media of comic-book with the content: knowledge and attitude of balanced nutrient to elementary school students.Methods  : This research is classified to community nutrition research. The type of research is quasi experimental design and the plan is design with the pretest - posttest control group design. Total sample is 72 students, divided into treated-group and control-group. Collected data are identity, pretest and posttest result of knowledge-and-attitude. The test method that be used are Independent t-test and Mann Whitney.Results  : Average score of knowledge in treated-group increased 6,36 points and in control-group 3,79 points. Average score of attitude in treated-group increased 0,98 points and in control-group 1,82 points.Conclusion  : There were significantimpact of giving nutrition education using media of comic-book towardsbalanced nutrition knowledge on elementary school students (p=0,017), while on the attitude the improvement is not significant, (p=0,549).

HUBUNGAN ANTARA PENDIDIKAN, PENGETAHUAN DAN PRAKTIK HYGIENE SANITASI PENJAMAH MAKANAN TERHADAP KEBERADAAN BAKTERI STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS PADA HIDANGAN HEWANI DI SALAH SATU CATERING KOTA SEMARANG

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Mei (2019)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is one of the microbes that can causes gastroenteritis. This bacterium normaly was live as a human. The role of food handlers is very important in the existence of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria.Objective: to find out the relationship between education, knowledge and hygiene practice of food handler’s sanitation toward the existence of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria on animal dishes at Shella’s Catering Semarang.Methods: this study used descriptive analytic with cross sectional design, the number of samples is 9 samples of animal dishes with 2 times repetition. Staphylococcus aureus can be identified by conductingan the MSA test. The data of education, knowledge and practice of food handler’s hygiene sanitation were collected using questionnaires through interview. The statistical test used Fisher's exact.Results: the knowledge and practice of food handler’s hygiene sanitation were categorized good (60%). The results of the bivariate test showed that there was no correlation between education, knowledge and practices of hygiene sanitation on the existence of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in animal dishes (p> 0.05)Conclusion: there is no relationship between education, knowledge and hygiene practice of food handler’s sanitation toward the existence of the Staphylococcus aureus bacteria in animal dishes.

EFEKTIFITAS PEMBERIAN JUS JAMBU BIJI TERHADAP KADAR KOLESTEROL TOTAL PADA PRALANSIA OVERWEIGHT

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 6, No 2 (2018): November (2018)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background : Cholesterol one of the causes of heart disease that is more risky in overweight society. Corner heart disease cases in Semarang city caused by high cholesterol levels as much as 53%. Screening results in overweight elderly in the Bendan Duwur urban area was 29.25%. Efforts in lowering cholesterol is a high-fiber diet with one of the guava fruit. Objective: To know the effectiveness of giving guava juice to cholesterol levels. Method: This research type used quasi experiment design with early and last test group design. The subjects were had with simple random sampling obtained as many as 21 people divided equally in two treatment groups and one control.Guava juice of 200 grams / 100 ml for the first treatment group and 150 g / 100 ml for the second treatment group was given twice daily for 14 days. Cholesterol was got by blood test (strip-test). Analysis used multivariate test with Anova Repeated Measure. Results: There was a significant effect on guava juice on the decrease of cholesterol (p <0,04) and there was a difference in the decrease among treatment group that was 9,92 mg/dl. There was no significant effect of fat intake (p <0,994), carbohydrate intake (p <0,888) and level of physical activity (p <0,136) on cholesterol level. Conclusion: Guava juice dose of 150 grams / 100 ml of water is more effective in lowering total cholesterol levels.

HUBUNGAN ASUPAN LEMAK, PERSEN LEMAK TUBUH, SOMATOTYPE DENGAN KELINCAHAN ATLET SEPAKBOLA DIKLAT SALATIGA TRAINING CENTRE (STC)

JURNAL RISET GIZI Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Mei (2019)
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang

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Background: Agility is one of the important aspects to achieve maximum achievement. Player agility can be influenced by a combination of genetic factors, motivation, training, nutritional status, health status, and somatotype. In this study the things that will be examined in influencing agility are fat intake, percent body fat, and somatotype.Objective: To determine the relationship between fat intake, body fat percentage, and somatotype with the agility of soccer athletes in the Salatiga Training Center (STC) training.Method: This study was anstudy observational with adesign cross sectional. The sample used was all football athletes at the Salatiga Training Center (STC) and included in the inclusion criteria. The test used wasTest Chi Square to determine the effect of fat intake, percent body fat, somatotype on athlete's agility andtest Logistic Regression to determine how much influence fat intake, body fat percentage, and somatotype had on agility.Results: There was no relationship between fat intake and the agility of soccer athletes at the Salatiga Training Center (STC) training. There is no relationship between the percentage of body fat with the agility of soccer athletes at the Salatiga Training Center (STC) training. There is no relationship between somatotype and the agility of football athletes at the Salatiga Training Center (STC) training.Conclusion: There is no relationship between fat intake, percent body fat, and somatotype with the agility of soccer athletes at the Salatiga Training Center (STC) training.