Ardiani, Hanifah
Dian Nuswantoro Semarang

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HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN TB PARU DI KOTA MAGELANG Dewi, Erlin Fitria; Ardiani, Hanifah; Suhartono, Suhartono; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno
VISIKES: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 17, No 01 (2018): APRIL 2018
Publisher : Dian Nuswantoro Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (364.285 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACTPrevalence of tuberculosis in Magelang reached 394,18 per 100.000 population. However, there were a decline TB case detection rate from 96,85% to 78,05%. Previous research about TB in association with environmental risk factors showed controvercial results.The objective was analyzing association between environmental house factors with TB incidence in Magelang. An observational analytic was conducted with case control study design with 120 respondents (40 confirmed cases, 40 controls with symptoms of TB and 40 controls without symptoms of TB and using purposive technique sampling.Data were analyzed using chi-square and multiple logistic regression. Bivariat analysis showed association between type of wall (p=0,005; OR=3,8; 95% CI=1 , 57-8,34) and humidity levels (p=0,022; OR=2,9; 95% CI=1,24-6,73) with incidence TB. Multivariate analysis showed that the risk factors of TB were temperature OR=4,0 (95% CI=1,22-13,37, p=0,022), type of wall OR=3,8 (95% CI=1,47-9,89, p=0,006), and humidity levels OR=2,8 (95% CI=1,12-7,20, p=0,027).There was an association between type of wall, temperature and humidity levels with TB cases in Magelang. It was expected that the window function to be optimized so that the air circulation from outside to inside of the house can occur.Keywords: pulmonary TB, house environment, MagelangABSTRAK Prevalensi tuberkulosis di Kota Magelang mencapai 394,18 per 100.000 penduduk. Namun terjadi penurunan angka penemuan kasus TB dari 96,85% menjadi 78,05%. Penelitian terdahulu tentang TB yang dikaitkan dengan faktor lingkungan rumah masih menunjukkan kontroversi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan faktor lingkungan rumah dengan kejadian TB paru di Kota Magelang. Metode penelitian adalah observasional analitik dengan desain case control. Jumlah sampel sebesar 120 responden yang terdiri dari 40 kasus confirm, 40 kontrol dengan gejala TB dan 40 kontrol tanpa gejala TB yang diambil dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data dianalisis menggunakan chi square dan multipel regresi logistik. Hasil uji bivariat menunjukkan terdapat hubungan jenis dinding (p=0,005; OR=3,8; 95%CI=1,57-8,34) dan tingkat kelembaban (p=0,022; OR=2,9; 95%CI=1,24-6,73) dengan kejadian TB paru. Kemudian hasil uji multivariat menunjukkan suhu OR=4,0 (95%CI=1,22-13,37, p=0,022), jenis dinding OR=3,8 (95%CI=1,47-9,89, p=0,006), dan tingkat kelembaban OR=2,8 (95%CI=1,12-7,20, p=0,027). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara suhu, jenis dinding, dan tingkat kelembaban dengan kejadian TB paru di Kota Magelang. Diharapkan fungsi jendela dapat dioptimalkan sehingga dapat terjadi sirkulasi udara dari luar ke dalam rumah dan sebaliknya.Kata Kunci : TB paru, faktor lingkungan rumah, Magelang
Beberapa Faktor yang Berpengaruh terhadap Kejadian Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 pada Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) di RSUD Kota Madiun Ardiani, Hanifah; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Lukmono, Djoko Trihadi; Nugroho, Heri; Suryosaputro, Antono
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 3, No 2: Agustus 2018
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v3i2.4026

Abstract

Background : Women of reproductive age with Diabetes Mellitus (DM) who were married having a risk complications of pregnancy, either on mother and her baby. Study on risk factors of DM in women of reproductive age was a rare, they have never done on women of reproductive age that married. The objective of this study was to prove some variables that influence to DM in women of reproductive age.Method : An observasional analytic was conducted with case-control study design. Populations in this study were women of reproductive age 20-49 years that check blood sugar at Madiun Regional Hospital. The samples in this study were 54 cases and 54 controls by consecutive sampling. Data were analyzed by chi-square and logistic regression.Results : Women of reproductive age with 2 and 3 quartile stress scores had risk 4,12 (95% CI=1,42-11,92) and 5,64 (95% CI=1,19-16,55) greater for DM than the comparison group. Women of reproductive age with physical activity <600 MET had risk 4,33 times greater for DM than ≥ 600 MET (95% CI = 1,71-10,96).Conclusion : Variables levels of carbohydrate and fat consumption were not associated with DM. Physical activity and stress levels were evident influece DM occurence in women of reproductive age.
Obesity as Risk Factor of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus in Women of Reproductive Age Ardiani, Hanifah; Hadisaputro, Soeharyo; Lukmono, Djoko Trihadi; Nugroho, Heri; Suryoputro, Antono
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 6, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v6i2.2708

Abstract

Women of childbearing age with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are more at risk of having pregnancy complication (in both the mother and the baby) at twice the risk for sexual dysfunction and three times more likely to die than women of childbearing age without DM. The purpose of this study was to prove obesity as the risk factor of type 2 DM in women of childbearing age. The study design was a case-control and a qualitative analysis using the in-depth interview. This study conducted in Internal Medicine Polyclinic and Eye Polyclinic in Regional General Hospital Madiun, June–July 2017. The population in this study was women of childbearing age 20–49 years old and married who check blood sugar in Regional General Hospital Madiun. The samples of this study were 54 cases and 54 controls using consecutive sampling. Data analyzed by chi-square and logistic regression. The results showed that obese women of childbearing age had risk 2.63 times greater for type 2 DM than non-obese (p=0.016, 95% CI=1.06–6.53). In conclusion, obesity was a risk factor of type 2 DM in the women of reproductive age. OBESITAS SEBAGAI FAKTOR RISIKO DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 PADA WANITA USIA SUBURWanita usia subur (WUS) dengan diabetes melitus (DM) tipe 2 lebih berisiko mengalami komplikasi kehamilan (baik pada ibu maupun bayinya), berisiko 2 kali lebih besar untuk menderita gangguan fungsi seksual, dan 3 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami kematian dibanding dengan WUS tanpa DM. Tujuan penelitian ini membuktikan obesitas sebagai faktor risiko DM tipe 2 pada WUS. Desain studi dalam penelitian ini adalah kasus kontrol yang diperdalam dengan analisis kualitatif menggunakan wawancara mendalam. Penelitian ini dilakukan di poliklinik penyakit dalam dan poliklinik mata RSUD Kota Madiun Juni–Juli 2017. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah WUS berusia 20–49 tahun dan sudah menikah yang diperiksa gula darah di RSUD Kota Madiun. Sebanyak 54 kasus dan 54 kontrol dipilih menggunakan consecutive sampling. Data dianalisis dengan chi square dan regresi logistik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa WUS yang obesitas memiliki risiko 2,63 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami DM tipe 2 dibanding dengan yang tidak obesitas (p=0,016; 95% IK=1,06−6,53). Simpulan, obesitas merupakan faktor risiko DM tipe 2 pada WUS.
HUBUNGAN LAMA PENGGUNAAN KONTRASEPSI PIL KB DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA AKSEPTOR PIL KB Ardiani, Hanifah
2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): FEBRUARI 2019
Publisher : WAHANA RISET KESEHATAN

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Abstract

Planned Family (Keluarga Berencana/KB) was action to assisting husband and wife spouse or individual to avoid undesirable birth or arrange international among pregnancy. KB Pill represent one of KB method by drank pill every day according to menstruate cycle. The aim of this research is to know correlation between long time of usage KB pill contraception of with Hypertension occurence at KB pill acceptor Regional of Public Health Center of Demangan Madiun. This Research design that used is correlation with approach of cross sectional. Population in this research is acceptor KB pill which don't have hypertension history before useKB pill in Public Health Center of Demangan counted 98 KB pill acceptor with sampel counted 40 responder with type sampling technique of Accidental sampling. Technique of data intake by using sheet of questionnaire and secondary data. Examination of data use test of Chi-Square with = 0,05. Result indicate that 40 responder ( 100%) using KB pill of combination type. From 40 responder, counted 32 responder ( 80%) experiencing of hypertension, while did not experience of hypertension 8 responder ( 20%). Result of examination of Chi-Square data show significantp value = 0,000 < a = 0,05. So that can be concluded that there are correlation between long time usage of KB pill contraception with hypertension occure atKB pill acceptor acceptor Regional of Public Health Center of Demangan Madiun with coefficient contingency value equal to 0,643 which interpratethat strength of correlation between variable in strong level. Usage of KB pill in long time had potencial causes hypertension. From that, suggestion able to be passed to KB pill acceptor is Require to be done blood pressure control actively that is 1 months once, especially to patient of hypertension and improve awareness and knowledge to increase healthy life pattern.
Tingginya Tingkat Stres dengan Kejadian Kekambuhan Gastritis pada Mahasiswa dalam Penyusunan Tugas Akhir di STIKes Bhakti Husada Mulia Madiun Ardiani, Hanifah
2-TRIK: TUNAS-TUNAS RISET KESEHATAN Vol 9, No 1 (2019): FEBRUARI 2019
Publisher : WAHANA RISET KESEHATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33846/2trik9102

Abstract

Everyone can experience stress. Pressure, lifestyle and urgent life needs are things that can trigger stress on every individual. Stress has a negative effect through the neuroendrokrin mechanism on the digestive tract so it is at risk for gastritis. This study aims to determine the relationship of stress levels with the occurrence of gastritis recurrence. This research was a descriptive type, with cross sectional design. The population in this study were all students who were preparing their final project (218 students). The sampling technique in this study was purposive sampling. The sample size in this study was 76 respondents. Data were collected through filling out questionnaires. The statistical test used in this study was Chi-Square. The results showed that the p-value was 0.001 (