Kartini, Nidya
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Pola Rekrutmen, Mortalitas, dan Laju Eksploitasi Ikan Lemuru (Amblygaster sirm, Walbaum 1792) di Perairan Selat Sunda KARTINI, Nidya; BOER, Mennofatria; AFFANDI, Ridwan
Biospecies Vol 10 No 1 (2017): Januari 2017
Publisher : University of Jambi

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Abstract

Sunda Strait has high potential of pelagic fish resources, one of which is spotted sardinella (Amblygaster sirm). High market demand of spotted sardinella leads to its high exploitation. Management of sustainable used of this species need various biological information of the target species.The aims of this research wereto analyze of therecruitment pattern, mortality, and exploitation rate of spotted sardinella. Sampling was conducted in April to August 2015 from the catchment landed at Labuan Coastal Fishing Port, Banten. Fish samples taken during the study consisted of  527 males and 245 females. The results showed thatpeak recruitment season for spotted sardinella occurs in Maret (11.64%) and July (13.67%).The natural mortality (M), fishing mortality (F), total mortality (Z) for male were 0,33; 5,30; 5,63 year-1 respectively, and for female were 0,51; 7,75;8,27 year-1 respectively. Exploitation rate (E) for male was 0,94 year-1 and for female was 0,93 year-1.Keywords : exploitation, growth, mortality, spotted sardinella, Sunda Strait
PERTUMBUHAN, FAKTOR KONDISI, DAN BEBERAPA ASPEK REPRODUKSI IKAN LEMURU (Amblygaster sirm, Walbaum 1792) DI PERAIRAN SELAT SUNDA Kartini, Nidya; Boer, Mennofatria; Affandi, Ridwan
BAWAL Widya Riset Perikanan Tangkap Vol 9, No 1 (2017): (April, 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

Ikan lemuru (Amblygaster sirm) merupakan salah satu komiditas utama di Selat Sunda yang menjadi target nelayan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Lebuan. Informasi biologi dibutuhkan untuk menyusun langkah konservasi ikan lemuru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kondisi biologis ikan lemuru di perairan Selat Sunda melalui pengkajian parameter pertumbuhan, faktor kondisi, dan beberapa aspek reproduksi. Pengambilan ikan contoh dilakukan pada bulan April-Agustus 2015 dari hasil tangkapan nelayan yang didaratkan di PPP Labuan, Banten menggunakan teknik Penarikan Contoh Acak Berlapis. Jumlah ikan contoh yang diambil selama penelitian sebanyak 527 ekor ikan jantan dan 245 ekor ikan betina. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pola pertumbuhan ikan lemuru jantan dan betina adalah isometrik, nilai faktor kondisi ikan lemuru jantan berkisar 0,9346 – 1,0294 dan betina berkisar 0,9401 – 1,0738, parameter pertumbuhan L∞, K, dan t0 pada ikan jantan adalah 248,80 mm; 0,24/tahun;dan -0,38. Adapun parameter (L∞, K, dan t0) pada ikan betina adalah 235,26 mm; 0,46/tahun, dan -0,20. Nisbah kelamin ikan lemuru jantan dan betina TKG IV adalah 0,75:1. Ukuran pertama kali matang gonad (Lm) ikan lemuru jantan dan betina adalah 188 mm dan 186 mm. Sedangkan ukuran pertama kali tertangkap (Lc) ikan lemuru jantan dan betina adalah 172 mm dan 173 mm. Musim pemijahan ikan lemuru diduga terjadi pada bulan Mei dan Juli.The spotted sardinella (Amblygaster sirm) was one of main commodities in the Sunda Strait that maily targeted by fishers in Labuan Coastal Fishing Port, Banten. The biological  information  needed to setup conservation measure of the spotted sardinella. This research aims to analyse the biological conditions of spotted sardinella in the Sunda Strait by reviewing parameters of growth, condition factor, and some reproduction aspect. Research was conducted in April-August 2015 in Labuan Coastal Fishing Port, Banten by using Random Stratified Sampling technique. About 700 samples (527 male and 245 female fishes) collected during study. The results showed that the growth pattern of male and female were isometric, value of condition factor for male ranged from 0,9346 – 1,0294 and for female ranged from 0,9401 – 1,0738. The estimated growth parameters (L∞, K, and t0) for male were 248,80 mm; 0,24 year-1;and -0,38 respectively. While, the parameters (L∞, K, and t0) of female were 235,26 mm; 0,46 year-1;and -0,20 respectively. The sex ratio between males and females for spotted sardinella was 0,75:1. The size at first maturity (Lm) of male and female were 188 mm and 186 mm, respectively. In addition, the size a first caught (Lc) of male and female was 172 mm and 173 mm, respectively. Thespawning season spotted sardinella possibly occurs in May and July.