Widyandana, Doni
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Medical Student Career Choice’s Determinants: a Qualitative Study Syakurah, Rizma Adlia; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Widyandana, Doni; Kumara, Amitya
Global Medical & Health Communication (GMHC) Vol 5, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/gmhc.v5i3.2799

Abstract

Choosing a career is an essential stage in medical students’ life. Previous researchers all across the world have been conducted studies to examine determinants of career choices in general and medical careers in sociodemographic and behavioral perspectives. While most of the studies centered on general career choices determinants and located mostly in western countries with general career choices as their topics, few studies explore about medical students’ career choices determinants in a collectivist culture like Indonesia. Hence, this study aimed to explore and describe determinants of medical students’ career choices in collectivist culture setting. Participants, 62 students in total, were recruited from all stages of undergraduate medical students in Sriwijaya University in November 2015 until January 2016. Each of focus groups was led by a facilitator to explore medical students’ career choices’ determinants. Transcripts encoded according to recurring topics and themes that came up during their discussions. Eight themes identified from the discussions were: four major, two intermediate and two minor issues. Major themes were financial gain, prestige, personal interest and family influence. In conclusion, some points can be used to increase medical students’ interest in various medical career fields. Exposure to medical career information should not target merely on medical students but also to their family and the community as well. Government roles in providing financial incentives as well as career opportunities to medical fields to increase the interest of medical students in the certain medical field.DETERMINAN KARIeER MAHASISWA KEDOKTERAN: SEBUAH STUDI KUALITATIFPemilihan karier merupakan salah satu fase yang penting dalam kehidupan seorang mahasiswa kedokteran. Berbagai penelitian di seluruh dunia telah dilakukan dalam menemukan dan menganalisis determinan pemilihan karier seseorang, baik secara umum, maupun dalam dunia kedokteran secara khusus yang dilakukan pada perspektif sosiodemografi dan perilaku. Saat ini masih sedikit sekali penelitian yang dilakukan pada mahasiswa kedokteran yang bertujuan mengeksplorasi determinan pemilihan kariernya, terutama dalam lingkungan dengan kultur kolektivisme seperti di Indonesia. Penelitian ini ditujukan mengeksplorasi dan menjelaskan alasan pemilihan karier mahasiswa kedokteran pada lingkungan dengan kultur kolektivisme. Partisipan adalah semua mahasiswa kedokteran preklinik di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sriwijaya yang berjumlah 62 orang. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan November 2015–January 2016. Tiap kelompok diskusi terarah dipimpin oleh seorang fasilitator yang melakukan eksplorasi terkait alasan pemilihan karier mereka. Hasil diskusi dicatat dan transkrip dikelompokkan sesuai dengan tema yang sering muncul selama kegiatan diskusi berlangsung. Delapan tema teridentifikasi dalam diskusi, yaitu empat tema mayor, dua tema menengah, dan dua tema minor bergantung pada seringnya tema tersebut muncul dalam semua diskusi. Tema mayor yang muncul adalah pendapatan, prestise, minat pribadi, dan pengaruh keluarga. Keterpaparan informasi karier kedokteran perlu dilakukan tidak hanya pada mahasiswa, tetapi juga pada keluarga dan lingkungan. Pemerintah juga berperan dalam memberikan insentif dan peluang pada bidang karier yang membutuhkan lebih banyak tenaga kerja di masa yang akan datang untuk meningkatkan minat mahasiswa pada bidang karier tersebut.
Promosi kesehatan menggunakan gambar dan teks dalam aplikasi WhatsApp pada kader posbindu Ekadinata, Nopryan; Widyandana, Doni
Berita Kedokteran Masyarakat (BKM) Vol 33, No 11 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/bkm.26070

Abstract

Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektifitas program edukasi tentang diabetes tipe 2 melalui media WhatsApp pada tingkat pengetahuan dan kepuasan belajar kader Posbindu.Metode: Penelitian eksperimental ini dilakukan pada 1 grup dengan 33 responden. Intervensi terdiri dari 2 tahap, yakni: pengiriman pesan teks edukasi tentang diabetes pada minggu pertama dan pesan bergambar pada minggu kedua. Instrumen penelitian ini terdiri dari kuesioner pengetahuan dan kuesioner kepuasan belajar. Penelitian dilakukan pada kader Posbindu dengan intervensi pengiriman pesan melalui WhatsApp.Hasil: Terdapat perubahan signifikan antara rerata nilai pre test , post intervensi pengriman pesan teks dan post intervensi pengiriman gambar edukasi pada variabel tentang pengetahuan diabetes tipe 2. Sedangkan pengiriman pesan bergambar memiliki rerata nilai kepuasan belajar paling tinggi.Implikasi Praktis: Penelitian ini menyarankan program promosi dan edukasi kesehatan melalui pengiriman pesan bergambar pada aplikasi WhatsApp efektif meningkatkan pengetahuan dan kepuasan belajar.Keaslian: Penelitian ini menyatakan bahwa WhatsApp adalah media pendidikan potensial karena merupakan media interaktif antara pengirim dan penerima pesan.
EVALUATING INTERPROFESSIONAL EDUCATION PRINCIPLE IN A LONGITUDINAL COMMUNITY-BASED PROGRAM FOR 3 SCHOOLS OF HEALTH PROFESSIONS: MEDICINE, NURSING, AND NUTRITION Widyandana, Doni
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 1 (2018): MARET
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.722 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.35553

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Background: Interprofessional education (IPE) is a method offered to support the collaboration of two health professions or more in order to create an ideal teamwork. This study aims to evaluate students’ interprofessional attitudes during the implementation of IPE in a community-based program among 3 health professions students.Method: Second and third year undergraduate students from three health profession schools in Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Gadjah Mada, medicine (n = 50), nursery (n = 50), and nutrition (n = 50), were recruited in 2015. Students were sent to a community setting in a small group of 10 consisting of those three schools’ students. They were assigned to a certain family and followed them longitudinally in a curriculum called the Community and Family Health Care program. Quantitative data were collected with a survey using Interprofessional Attitude Scale instrument containing 5 subscales (27 items): teamwork, roles and responsibilities; patient-centeredness; interprofessional biases; diversity and ethics; and community-centeredness. The items used 5-level Likert scale. Descriptive analysis was performed for the quantitative data and comparison among those three groups used Kruskal-Wallis test.Results: Most of the students strongly agreed they learned a lot about interprofessional attitudes during this program (mean scores of each subscale: 3.85, 4.19, 3.18, 3.83, and 3.99, respectively). There were significant differences among mean scores of each subscale (p< 0.05). Medical and nursery students had higher mean scores compared to nutrition students, except in the subscale of community-centeredness (p = 0.197).Conclusion: IPE can be implemented successfully in a longitudinal community-based education curriculum and benefits undergraduate students in studying interprofessional attitudes. The program should be evaluated and improved to assure all students to get equal benefits.
DEVELOPING LOW-COST MANNEQUIN FOR UNDERGRADUATE IV LINE PHLEBOTOMY Widyandana, Doni
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 3 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (235.747 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.41842

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Background: Skills laboratory training had been providing students the opportunity to practice medical skills in a longitudinal education curriculum with various methods. The integration of skills lab learning methods and the use of mannequins could provide the students to practice invasive medical procedures on patients like the real condition in the clinical setting, but still remains a safe simulation. However, simulations in the skills lab require commercial mannequins that have been imported with limited design options and very expensive prices. The effect of this expensive training will hamper institutions to facilitate students’ learning. Therefore, Clinical Skills Laboratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universetas Gadjah Mada had initiated to produce low-cost and innovative mannequins. This study is aimed to develop low-cost mannequin in order to facilitate learning.Methods: This study is a comparison study to 3 types of simple infusions mannequin which will be attached to simulated patients. These 3 types of mannequin are based from the materials: silicone, silicone plus oil, and latex. There were three groups of respondents: 30 students, 15 teachers, and 15 simulated patients and were randomly invited to review those mannequins using a questionnaire and structured interviews. The data were analyzed using Mann-Whitney test and an “inductive content analysis”.Results: The low-cost mannequins were highly accepted by the respondents and the best mannequin was made from silicone (p<0.05). However, the mannequins need improvement on the skin design and the prevention of fluid leakage from the pumps and tubes. These mannequins were designed to stimulate undergraduate students not only to practice inserting needle to veins, but also learning how to communicate with patients at the same time.Conclusion: These low-cost mannequins can be used to practice integrated clinical skills in skills laboratory education. However, the mannequins should be evaluated and improved regularly. 
RESIDENT AS TEACHER IN CLERKSHIP: STUDENTS’ AND RESIDENTS’ PERCEPTION Fitriyani, Nurrahma Wahyu; Emilia, Ova; Widyandana, Doni
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 3 (2018): November 2018
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.545 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.41845

Abstract

Background: Resident has a significant role and time allocation as a clinical teacher in the learning process of medical students at the clerkship stage in clinical settings. Unfortunately, residents were often not formally asked to be involved in the teaching process. Residents’ role in medical students’ learning process in clerkship is still ill defined. The aim of this study was to explore the perceptions of resident and medical students on residents’ role as a teacher in clerkship using cognitive apprenticeship model.Methods: This study used quantitative descriptive, cross sectional design. Samples taken with total sampling were 153 students (68.3%) and 214 resident (60.6%) of the total population. Respondents were asked to fill The Maastricht Clinical Teaching Questionnaire (MCTQ), and the results were analyzed using ANOVA and independent t-test.Results: Results of quantitative analysis showed a difference of perception between students and residents in modeling (p = 0.008) and overall performance (p = 0.002) factor, in which students placed a higher point than the resident. These results were consistently found in three departments. While in three other, students gave a lower point than the resident. In addition, differences also found in the exploration factor based on residents’ study period and residents’ preferences for teaching.Conclusion: Residents’ role as a clinical teacher in clerkship is very important, especially as a role model for students. Taking into account of time allocations spent between students and the residents, improvement and optimalization of residents’ role as a clinical teacher appears to be an important requirement.