Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
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ALTERNATE USE OF DIFFERENT RICA PROBIOTIC BACTERIA ON SURVIVAL RATE AND PRODUCTION OF CULTURED TIGER SHRIMP IN SEMI-INTENSIVE PONDS Atmomarsono, Muharijadi; Nurbaya, Nurbaya
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 9, No 2 (2014): (December 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (105.732 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.9.2.2014.155-164

Abstract

Tiger shrimp diseases have occured in Indonesian shrimp ponds for more than two decades. In order to overcome this problem, five types of the RICA probiotic bacteria were tested in nine 250 m2 semi-intensive ponds of the Research and Development Institute for Coastal Aquaculture Marana Station. In the present study three different alternate use of the RICA probiotics were tested for tiger shrimp culture incompletely randomized design experiment. There were three treatments here namely: A) alternate use of probiotic bacteria RICA-1, RICA-2, RICA-3; B) alternate use of probiotic bacteria RICA-4, RICA-5, RICA-3, and C) control (without probiotic bacteria); each treatment were applied in three replications. The results showed that survival rate and production of tiger shrimp in treatment A (55.8% and 14.9 kg/pond) and B (52.7% and 16.7 kg/pond) were significantly better (P<0.05) than those of in control ponds (37.4% and 10.9 kg/pond). However, survival rate and production of tiger shrimp between treatment A and B were not significantly different (P>0.05). The average total bacteria population in the cultured water media of treatment A (4.32 x 104 cfu/mL) and B (5.18 x 104 cfu/mL) were relatively higher than control (1.46 x 104 cfu/mL). However the percentage ratio of Vibrio spp. and total bacteria population in the cultured water media of treatment A and B were relatively lower than control. The lower survival rate and production of tiger shrimp in control (C) compared to probiotic treatments (A and B) were not just affected by the increase of Vibrio spp. ratio, but also affected by the increase of total organic matter and nitrite concentrations in the control ponds that were relatively higher than treatment A and B.
TIGER SHRIMP (Penaeus monodon) GROWTH AT DIFFERENT STOCKING DENSITIES IN HIGH SALINITY POND USING MANGROVE RESERVOIR Gunarto, Gunarto; Muslimin, Muslimin; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2006): (June 2006)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (525.481 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.1.1.2006.1-7

Abstract

High salinity pond water ranging from 33—45 ppt between July and October is one of the problems occurred in western part of South Sulawesi brackishwater ponds. It is necessary to know if tiger shrimps grow well in such salinity, since the optimum salinity range for the growth of tiger shrimp is 15—25 ppt. The objective of the research is to know the tiger shrimp production at different stocking densities cultured in high salinity pond in mangrove reservoir. Twelve pond compartments of 500 m2 each were arranged randomly for three treatments of shrimp stocking densities i.e. 4 ,  6, and 8 pcs./m2 , where each treatment was in three replications. The result of study showed that shrimp production at 6 pieces/m2 was higher than that of 4 and 8 pieces/m2, with more efficient  feed conversion was obtained in this stocking density (1.3) compared to treatment 4 pieces/m2 (1.5) and treatment 8 pieces/m2 (>3).
PERFORMANCE OF CULTURED White-leg Shrimp IN RICA Probiotic Application METHOD in PONDS AERATED WITH SUPERCHARGE BLOWER Susianingsih, Endang; Kurniawan, Koko; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 12, No 1 (2017): (June 2017)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.499 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.12.1.2017.29-36

Abstract

Several ways have been done to encounter shrimp disease affecting cultured shrimp in Indonesian ponds in the last two decades. This research was aimed to find out the effect of different application of probiotic RICA4, RICA5, and RICA3 method on survival rate and production of white-leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) cultured in ponds aerated with supercharge blower. RICA probiotics are bacteria probiotics produced by the Research and Development Institute for Coastal Aquaculture, originally isolated from seaweed and sea sediment. This experiment was carried out in completely randomized design using nine 250-m2 experimental ponds stocked with 15 shrimp fries/m2. There were three treatments namely: A=alternate use of three probiotics RICA4, RICA5, and RICA3; B=combination use of three probiotics RICA4, RICA5, and RICA3; and C=control (without probiotic), each treatment with three replications and cultured with supercharge blower. Variables observed in this study were survival rate and production of the shrimp calculated at the end of experiment, total vibrio count (TBV) and total plate count of common bacteria (TPC) of the pond waters and sediments monitored every two weeks. The results showed that application of probiotic RICA4, RICA5, and RICA3 applied either in alteration or in combination significantly increased survival rate (P<0.05) but not on production (P>0.05) of the white-leg shrimp. TBV/TPC ratio in the control pond waters after 10-weeks culture (over than 10%) was relatively dangerous for the cultured white-leg shrimp. This shows that application of probiotic could prevent the growth of Vibrio spp in the cultured shrimp pond water.
POTENSI TANAMAN MANGROVE DAN ASOSIASINYA SEBAGAI PENGHASIL ANTIOKSIDAN PADA BUDIDAYA PERIKANAN Muliani, Muliani; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
Media Akuakultur Vol 9, No 1 (2014): (Juni 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2003.595 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ma.9.1.2014.49-55

Abstract

Abstrak lengkap dapat dilihat pada Full PDF Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui potensi tanaman mangrove sebagai penghasil bahan antioksidan pada budidaya perikanan.
EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PROBIOTIC BACTERIA ON SURVIVAL RATE, GROWTH, AND PRODUCTION OF WHITELEG SHRIMP IN TRADITIONAL-PLUS TECHNOLOGY Atmomarsono, Muharijadi; Susianingsih, Endang
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 10, No 1 (2015): (June 2015)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.306 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.10.1.2015.71-79

Abstract

Instead of culturing tiger shrimp that is frequently burdened by mass mortality, whiteleg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) is then considered as an alternative commodity in Indonesian brackishwater ponds. To prevent the whiteleg shrimp from diseases, different probiotic bacteria were tested in completely randomized design experiment using nine 250 m2 experimental ponds stocked with 10 PLs of whiteleg shrimp fry/m2. Three treatments were applied, namely A) alternate use of probiotic bacteria RICA-1, RICA-2, RICA-3; B) alternate use of probiotic bacteria RICA-4, RICA-5, RICA-3, and C) control (without probiotic bacteria); each with three replications. After 11-week application, the results showed that the best survival rate of whiteleg shrimp was achieved by treatment B 98.83%) and the best production was achieved by treatment A (23.52 kg/250 m2). However, there were no significant differences (P>0.05) among the three treatments tested for the shrimp survival rate. The whiteleg shrimp production in treatment A and B were signicantly better (P<0.05) than that in treatment C (control). These high shrimp production in treatment A and B were mainly caused by the capability of the applied probiotics in controlling some water quality variables and Vibrio numbers.
PENGARUH PERGILIRAN JENIS BAKTERI PROBIOTIK BERBEDA TERHADAP SINTASAN DAN PRODUKSI UDANG WINDU DI TAMBAK INTENSIF Atmomarsono, Muharijadi; Nurbaya, Nurbaya
Media Akuakultur Vol 9, No 1 (2014): (Juni 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (692.406 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/ma.9.1.2014.37-42

Abstract

Abstrak lengkap dapat dilihat pada Full PDF Penelitian pergiliran jenis bakteri probiotik RICA berbeda ditujukan untuk mengetahui pergiliran jenis bakteri probiotik yang terbaik dalam peningkatan sintasan dan produksi udang windu di tambak ekstensif.
PENGGUNAAN TIGA JENIS KERANG SEBAGAI BIOFILTER PADA PEMELIHARAAN UDANG WINDU (Penaeus monodon) DALAM SKALA LABORATORIUM suharyanto, suharyanto; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi; sudradjat, Achmad
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (1996): (Vol.2 No.1 1996)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4553.928 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.2.1.1996.31-38

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan tiga jenis kekerangan sebagai biolilter media pemeliharaan udang windu terhadap laju pertumbuhan dan sintasan udang windu.
PATOGENISITAS BEBERAPA BAKTERI Vibrio YANG DIISOLASI DARI SEDIMEN TAMBAK TERHADAP UDANG WINDu, penaeus monodon Muliani, Mulian; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi; Nurhidayah, Nurhidayah
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 6, No 3-4 (2000): (Vol.6 No.3-4 2000)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5135.38 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.6.3-4.2000.44-50

Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat patogenisitas beberapa bakteri Vibrio yang diisolasi dari sedimen tambak terhadap udang windu , Penaeus monodon. penelitian dilakukan di Laboratorium Basah Balai Penelitian Perikanan Pantai yang meliputi beberapa tahapan kerja yaitu: (1) lsolasidan identifikasi bakteri vibrio dari sedimen tambak, (2) perbanyakan bakterivibiio hasil identifikasi menggunakan nutrient broth, (3) Infeksi buatan dengan bakteri V. alginotyticus, V. costicola, V. harueyi, atau V. mimicus dengan kepadatan 102, 104, dan 106 cfu/ml kedalam wadah pemeliharaan udang windu, dan (4) Pengamatan perkembangan populasi bakteri Vibrio oan mortalitas udang windu.
DISTRIBUSI LOGAM BERAT MERKURI(Hg) Dl KAWASAN PESISIR TELUK RATATOTOK, KABUPATEN MINAHASA, SULAWESI UTARA Rachmansyah, Rachmansyah; Tonnek, Syarifuddin; Makmur, Makmur; Kamaruddin, Kamaruddin; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Vol 11, No 5 (2005): (Vol. 11 No. 5 2005)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5280.827 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/jppi.11.5.2005.95-107

Abstract

Studi ini telah dilakukan di kawasan pesisir Teluk Ratatotok, Kabupaten Minahasa Selatan, Sulawesi Utara dari tanggal 26 Juli - 1 Agustus 2004, bertujuan untuk mengetahui distribusi kandungan merkuri (Hg) dalam komponen ekosistem di kawasan pesisir T. Ratatotok. Metode survai dipadukan dengan Sistem Informasi Geografi digunakan dalam studi ini.
USE OF DIFFERENT PROBIOTICS FOR PREVENTION OF VIBRIOSIS DISEASE ON TIGER SHRIMP LARVAE REARED IN FIBERGLASS TANKSUSE OF DIFFERENT PROBIOTICS FOR PREVENTION OF VIBRIOSIS DISEASE ON TIGER SHRIMP LARVAE REARED IN FIBERGLASS TANKS Nurbaya, Nurbaya; Atmomarsono, Muharijadi
Indonesian Aquaculture Journal Vol 13, No 2 (2018): (December, 2018)
Publisher : Pusat Riset Perikanan, Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (688.064 KB) | DOI: 10.15578/iaj.13.2.2018.95-101

Abstract

To counter disease problems caused by vibriosis in shrimp hatchery, this recent study used three different probiotics to be tested on tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) postlarvae. The study arranged four treatments as follows: A: a combination of three liquid-form probiotics Brevibacillus laterosporus BT951, Bacillus subtilis BM12, and B. licheniformis BM58; B: a combination of three powder-form probiotics Brevibacillus laterosporus BT951, Bacillus subtilis BM12, and B. licheniformis BM58; C: a commercial powder probiotic containing Bacillus subtilis; and D: control (without probiotic), each treatment with three replications. This study was set up in a completely randomized design experiment using twelve fiberglass tanks filled with 750 L sterile sea water and stocked with 30,000 nauplii in the Awarange shrimp hatchery of the Research Institute for Brackishwater Aquaculture and Fisheries Extension Installation in Barru. Variables observed in this study were the survival rate of the shrimp postlarvae at the end of the experiment, total vibrio count (TBV) and total plate count of common bacteria (TPC) in the culture water. The results showed that the survival rate of tiger shrimp applied either in liquid (A: 61.5±4.7%) or powder form (B: 48.6±6.8%), and control (without probiotic) (D: 51.2±4.4%) were not significantly different (P>0.05). However, survival rates in these three treatments differed (P<0.05) with that of the commercial probiotic (C: 21.7±9.9%). TBV/TPC ratio in the tank waters treated with the commercial probiotic (2.26-37.52%) was much higher than that of the liquid form probiotic (0.86-1.98%), powder form probiotic (1.25-8.37%), and control (1.93-2.84%). Ammonia-nitrogen in treatment C (1.462-2.989 mg/L) was relatively higher than that of in treatment A (1.595-2.435 mg/L), treatment B (1.644-2.115 mg/L), and treatment D (1.051-1.858 mg/L).