Yunus, Yuhanis
Prodi Magister Teknik Sipil Unsyiah

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PENGARUH LAMA RENDAMAN KOTORAN SAPI TERHADAP DURABILITAS CAMPURAN ASPAL BETON MENGGUNAKAN ASPAL PEN.60/70 YANG DI SUBSTITUSI LIMBAH ETHYLENE VINYL ACETATE (EVA) Iqbal, Deni; Saleh, Sofyan M.; Yunus, Yuhanis
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 1, No 3 (2018): Volume 1 Special Issue, Nomor 3, Januari 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (475.191 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jts.v1i3.9996

Abstract

Abstract: The main reasons for the damage and decrease of strength in the flexibel pavement of the highway is the low in strength and durability in Asphalt Concrete wearing Course (AC-WC). In Aceh, many cow dung are littered on the highway. Cow dung is alleged impact on damage to highways that can weaken the ability of the asphalt viscosity and cause small holes in the asphalt. This study, the substitution polymer used is a waste material Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) on the AC-WC which were soaked with cow dung. This study aims to determine the effect of immersion duration of cow dung on the durability of concrete asphalt mixture using asphalt pen. 60/70 with substitution grated Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) polymer waste 1.5%, 2.5%, 3.5% in the asphalt with asphalt pen 60/70 weight ratio, as well as determine the effect of plain water immersion and cow dung with a variation of 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours on the stability of asphalt modification with EVA. The results, the best stability values without substitution with palin water immersion is 1181.93 kg, the best stability for EVA on a percentage of 1.5%, is 1920.68 kg. The parameter values for substitution without and with EVA produced in the form of stability, flow, MQ, density, VIM, VMA, and VFA still meet the specification requirements of Bina Marga 2014. The value of durability without substitution with plain water immersion is 90.8% by soaking into cow dung, the value of the durability of the EVA percentage variation is 97.20%, and has met the prescribed Bina Marga specifications 2014 which ≥ 90%.Abstrak: Salah satu alasan utama kerusakan dan penurunan kekuatan pada perkerasan lentur jalan raya adalah rendahnya kekuatan dan keawetan pada lapisan aus (AC-WC). Pada beberapa daerah di Aceh banyak dijumpai kotoran sapi yang berserakan di jalan raya. Kotoran sapi tersebut diduga berdampak pada kerusakan jalan raya dan dapat melemahkan kemampuan lekatan aspal. Pada penelitian ini polimer tambahan yang digunakan adalah material limbah Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) pada campuran laston lapis aus (AC-WC) yang direndam dalam kotoran sapi. Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)  dalam campuran aspal tersebut dapat meningkatkan kekuatan dan keawetan pada lapisan aus (AC-WC). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh lama rendaman kotoran sapi terhadap durabilitas campuran aspal beton menggunakan aspal pen. 60/70 dengan tambahan parutan limbah polimer Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) 1,5%, 2,5%, 3,5%. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan nilai stabilitas terbaik tanpa substitusi rendaman kotoran sapi yaitu 1181,93 kg, stabilitas terbaik untuk Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)  pada persentase 1,5% yaitu 1920.68 kg. Nilai parameter untuk tanpa dan dengan substitusi Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) yang dihasilkan berupa stabilitas, flow, MQ, density, VIM, VMA, dan VFA masih memenuhi persyaratan spesifikasi Bina Marga tahun 2014. Nilai durabilitas tanpa substitusi yaitu sebesar 90,8% dengan rendaman kotoran sapi, nilai durabilitas dengan variasi persentase Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA)  sebesar 97,06%, dan telah memenuhi spesifikasi yang ditentukan Bina Marga tahun 2014 yaitu ≥ 90%.
ANALISIS PERKERASAN LENTUR DI ATAS TANAH EKSPANSIF Mukhlis, Mukhlis; Yunus, Yuhanis; M. Saleh, Sofyan
Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan (Journal of Archive in Civil Engineering and Planning) Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan
Publisher : Prodi Magister Teknik Sipil Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (976.472 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jarsp.v2i1.13203

Abstract

The segmented road of Bireuen-Takengon has often damaged in apart of its pavement structure due to the area of flexible pavement structure taken place upon an expansive soil that leads to depreciation caused by the influence of changes in the water level. The aim of this research method was to analyze the characteristics of the base soil underlying the pavement and to analyze the flexible pavement structure in the widening of the road. The observed area was Sta.70+175 s/d Sta.74+925 which taken place in Bener Meriah regency, sub-district of Timang Gajah. The results of USCS clarification show that the road of basal soil is included in the MH & OH with a PI value of 25.42%, LL 64.25% with a potential level of development and activity belonging to the medium-high category and also having mineral types of Illite. From the analysis of KENPAVE software, the design of flexible pavement structures is based on data planning that has a maximum stress and deflection value, on the base soil, of 0.1814 kg/cm2 and 0.0585 cm respectively. Moreover, based on Job mix data the maximum value of stress and deflection is 0.2444 kg/cm2 and 0.0585 cm respectively in which both of two stress and deflections are within the allowable limit; which both of two stress and deflections are within the allowable limit; 7.8 kg/cm2 and 2.5 cm. The evaluation results of both data are feasible to be used as an improved design on the pavement as the pressure generated by the weight of the road pavement structure is 1.949 kg/cm2, while the swell pressure that occurs on subgrade is 1.805 kg/cm2. Hence, The flexible pavement structure on the road segment is still able to reduce the swell potential on expansive soil.
KARAKTERISTIK CAMPURAN AC-WC MENGGUNAKAN AGREGAT SIMEULUE DENGAN VARIASI ASPAL RETONA BLEND 55 DAN ASPAL PENETRASI 60/70 Firdaus, Firdaus; Yunus, Yuhanis; Isya, Muhammad
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 1, No 3 (2018): Volume 1 Special Issue, Nomor 3, Januari 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (261.875 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jts.v1i3.9999

Abstract

Abstract: Asphalt concrete pavement is depend on the type and composition of aggregate, asphalt, and filler being used. In this study, the aggregate used was an aggregate of Simeulue Island. In this Regency are difficult to find enough hard aggregate because the majority of the rocks there come from the process of particles mineral deposition, rest of the animals and plants which are found in the River (Aribowo, 2014). This research was conducted to find out the level of asphalt mixtures resistance using Simeulue aggregate with asphalt variation percentage of retona blend 55 and pen. 60/70 as a binder. This research begins with an examination of the physical properties of asphalt and aggregate next manufactured specimens based on gradations planning to determine of optimum asphalt content (OAC) with the overlapping method. From the results obtained, the elongation and flakiness index value did not meet the required specifications, those were 35.27% and 14.38%. The soundness aggregate against of Sodium and Magnesium sulfate (Mg2SO4) = 26.43% where is the maximum value required 12%. Aggregate wear value still meets the requirement, that was 23.84% < 40%. OAC for AC-WC mixture using 100% RB, 100% Pen, 80% RB/ 20% Pen, 65% RB/ 35% Pen, 50% RB/ 50% Pen. was in the amount of 6.18%; 6.37%; 6.20%; 6.06% and 6.06%. From the Marshall test results in every OAC for all variations of immersion, showed the stability value using RB higher than by using Pen. 60/70. This was because asphalt RB can tie the Simeulue aggregate well compared to asphalt Pen. 60/70. The flow value was higher than the asphalt RB. VIM and MQ value at all immersion variation, using asphalt RB were higher than by using asphalt Pen. The durability value in all types of AC-WC mixture still meets the requirements of the Dept. PU (2010) ≥ 90%. While the durability value of 48-hour immersion already is under 90%.Abstrak: Perkerasan beton aspal sangat tergantung pada jenis dan komposisi agregat, aspal serta filler yang digunakan. Penelitian ini menggunakan agregat dari Kabupaten Simeulue. Pada Kabupaten ini sulit ditemukan agregat yang cukup keras karena mayoritas batuan yang ada berasal dari proses pengendapan partikel mineral, sisa hewan dan tanaman yang terdapat di sungai dan memiliki nilai pelapukan yang tinggi (Aribowo, 2014). Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui tingkat ketahanan agregat Simeulue dengan variasi persentase aspal retona blend 55 dan aspal penetrasi 60/70 sebagai bahan pengikat dengan harapan dapat menghasilkan perkerasan yang lebih baik. Penelitian ini diawali dengan pemeriksaan sifat fisis aspal dan agregat selanjutnya dilakukan pembuatan benda uji berdasarkan gradasi rencana untuk menentukan kadar aspal optimum (KAO) dengan metode overlapping. Dari hasil penelitian agregat diperoleh nilai indeks kepipihan dan kelonjongan tidak memenuhi syarat yaitu sebesar 35,27% dan 14,38%. Kekekalan bentuk agregat terhadap larutan NaCl dan MgSO4 = 26,43% dimana nilai yang disyaratkan maksimal 12%. Untuk nilai keausan agregat masih memenuhi syarat yaitu sebesar 23,84% < 40%. KAO campuran AC-WC menggunakan 100% RB, 100% Pen. 60/70, 80% RB/ 20% Pen, 65% RB/ 35% Pen, 50% Rb/ 50% Pen, masing-masing sebesar 6,18%; 6,37%; 6,20%; 6,06% dan 6,06%. Dari hasil uji Marshall pada setiap KAO untuk semua variasi rendaman, menujukkan nilai stabilitas menggunakan aspal RB lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Pen. 60/70. Hal ini dikarenakan aspal RB dapat mengikat agregat Simeulue dengan baik. Nilai flow lebih tinggi dibandingkan aspal RB. Untuk nilai VIM dan nilai MQ menggunakan aspal RB lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan Pen. 60/70. Nilai durabilitas pertama pada semua jenis campuran masih memenuhi persyaratan Departemen PU (2010) ≥ 90%. Sedangkan nilai durabilitas kedua sudah berada di bawah 90%.
ANALISIS STABILITAS LERENG DENGAN KONTRUKSI DINDING PENAHAN TANAH TIPE COUNTERFORT Ciptaning, Karsa; Yunus, Yuhanis; Saleh, Sofyan M.
Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan (Journal of Archive in Civil Engineering and Planning) Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan
Publisher : Prodi Magister Teknik Sipil Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (442.089 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jarsp.v1i2.10942

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The Babahrot - Blangkejeren road of a segment is one of the most frequently affected by a landslide due to its location in the range of hills in Aceh Province. The road is the only one facilities to connect between both cities, and it is the only one to access for crop trading as well other plantation. The impact of landslide causes disconnection from Gayo Lues to South West Aceh or vice versa. Therefore, it is necessary to study the slope reinforcement at the bottom of the road construction with retaining wall counterfort type.  This study aims to analyze slope stability by obtaining reasonable Safety Factor (SF). The method used is Fellenius Method and combining modeling using the Geoslope software. The Fellenius calculation employed static seismic load. Meanwhile, the Geoslope Program utilized either with or without static seismic load.  The static analysis was carried out based on Indonesian Seismic Zone map (2004) for 50 years (coefficient 0.229). The scope of the analysis was a calculation of slope stability includes calculating slope stability on STA 13 + 885. The result of slope stability analysis on the existing using gdry and gwet with the Geo Slope software both without and by using static seismic load on STA 13+885 is unsafe. Thus, handling the existing is needed. The counterfort of retaining wall is considered to use for alternative slope stability construction. The result of slope stability analysis using Counterfort has safety factor> 1,5, if additional handling is done by changing slope angle < 20°.
DURABILITAS CAMPURAN LASTON LAPIS AUS (AC-WC) DI SUBSTITUSI LIMBAH LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE (lDPE) DENGAN CARA KERING TERHADAP RENDAMAN KOTORAN SAPI Muammar, Rajib; Saleh, Sofyan M.; Yunus, Yuhanis
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 1, No 3 (2018): Volume 1 Special Issue, Nomor 3, Januari 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (336.565 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jts.v1i3.10028

Abstract

Abstract: The high road surface temperatures, precipitation and traffic loads are several causes that damage of asphalt course. In Aceh, cow dung is often found on the roads. Cow dung is rich in nutrients and has high water content. It is alledgly the factors causing damage to the roads pavement. One way to overcome the damage of pavement is by modifying the asphalt by using additional material which is a polymer. The polymer used in plastic waste made of Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) as road asphalt substitute. The main objective of this study was to determine the Marshall characteristics on Asphalt Concrete Wearing Course (AC-WC) mixtures with additional slices of LDPE plastic waste 2%, 4% and 6% in the asphalt pen. 60/70 to the asphalt content by dry process and to find out the effect of the immersion of the LDPE modified asphalt mixtures in cow dung and urine with the time variations of 30 minutes, 24 hours, and 48 hours on its stability and durability. The result showed that the best stability value for the asphalt mixture without substitute material immersion in cow dung was 1181,93 kg, the best stability for value for the asphalt mixed with LDPE at the percentage 6% was 1636,57 kg on 30 minutes immersed. The parameter values for the asphalt mixture with or without the substitution of LDPE in stability, flow, MQ, density, VIM, VMA, and VFA still met the specification requirements of Bina Marga 2014. The best durability value for the asphalt mixture without substitute material immersed was 90,8%, the best durability value for the asphalt mixed with LDPE at the percentage of 6% is 95.88%. Those results met the specifications set by the Bina Marga 2014 that is ≥ 90%. The addition of LDPE in the asphalt mixture by dry process with the immersion in cow dung can affect the stability value.Abstrak: Tingginya temperatur permukaan jalan, curah hujan dan beban lalu lintas merupakan beberapa penyebab kerusakan lapisan aspal. Pada jalan didaerah Aceh banyak kita jumpai kotoran sapi berserakan di jalan. Kotoran sapi mengandung sangat banyak unsur hara dan kadar air yang cukup tinggi dan dapat diduga merupakan faktor penyebab kerusakan aspal. Salah satu cara dalam mengatasi kerusakan jalan adalah dengan memodifikasi aspal menggunakan bahan tambah yaitu polimer. Polimer yang digunakan berupa limbah plastik Polyethylene (PE) dengan jenis Low Density Polyethylene (LDPE) sebagai pensubstitusi aspal. Tujuan utama dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui karakteristik marshall campuran Laston (AC-WC) dengan tambahan irisan limbah plastik LDPE 2%, 4%, dan 6% pada aspal pen 60/70 terhadap berat aspal dengan cara kering, serta mengetahui pengaruh rendaman kotoran dan urine sapi dengan variasi waktu 30 menit, 24 jam, dan 48 jam terhadap stabilitas dan durabilitas aspal modifikasi LDPE. Dari hasil penelitian didapatkan nilai stabilitas terbaik tanpa substitusi pada rendaman kotoran sapi yaitu 1181,93 kg, stabilitas terbaik untuk LDPE yaitu persentase 6%  1636,57 kg pada rendaman 30 menit. Nilai parameter untuk tanpa dan dengan substitusi LDPE yang dihasilkan berupa stabilitas, flow, MQ, density, VIM, VMA, dan VFA masih memenuhi persyaratan spesifikasi Bina Marga tahun 2014. Nilai durabilitas tanpa substitusi sebesar 90,8%, nilai durabilitas dengan persentase 6% LDPE merupakan yang terbaik yaitu 95,88%. Hasil tersebut memenuhi spesifikasi yang ditentukan Bina Marga tahun 2014 yaitu ≥ 90%. Penambahan LDPE dalam campuran aspal dengan cara kering  pada rendaman kotoran sapi berpengaruh pada nilai stabilitas.
PEMILIHAN BAHAN MATERIAL KONSTRUKSI BAHU JALAN BERDASARKAN JENIS KERUSAKAN DAN ANALISA EKONOMINYA (STUDI KASUS JALAN BATAS KOTA TAKENGON - UWAK) Usman, Usman; M. Saleh, Sofyan; Yunus, Yuhanis
Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan (Journal of Archive in Civil Engineering and Planning) Vol 2, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Arsip Rekayasa Sipil dan Perencanaan
Publisher : Prodi Magister Teknik Sipil Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (343.476 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jarsp.v2i1.13201

Abstract

This research is located in Takengon - Uwak City boundary section. The benefit of this research is to figure out the proper type of road construction for investment based on financial feasibility with respect to Vehicle Operational Cost (VOC), Benefit Cost Ratio (BCR), Net Present Value (NPV), and Internal Rate of Return (IRR). The data used in this study was secondary data obtained from related institutions. The research method used in this research was economic indicators with two scenarios, that is; 1. Road improvement with no handling/ existing (Do Nothing), and 2. Road improvement. From the calculation results, it was obtained the price of construction and maintenance for each shoulder of the road construction, that is, the shoulder using Material Class B was IDR 5.493.388.958, the material class B shoulder with Geocel IDR. 4.946.201.289, and road construction using concrete IDR. 6.162.438.275. The saving of VOC produced was IDR. 23,006,00. The results of the economic analysis performed for the three types of construction with the Net Present Value (NVP) method resulted in Road Construction by Shoulder Using Materials Class B and Geocell is the best alternative to make an investment because it produces the largest NPV Value, that is, NPV=IDR 1,808,869,588,00. The highest BCR value is BCR = 1.49, with IRR value = 14.855%
PENILAIAN KONDISI JALAN PADA RUAS JALAN KM. 77 (BATAS PIDIE) - BATAS KOTA SIGLI Zulfan, Evi; Saleh, Sofyan M.; Yunus, Yuhanis
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 1, No 3 (2018): Volume 1 Special Issue, Nomor 3, Januari 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (968.589 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jts.v1i3.9997

Abstract

Abstract : Road maintenance activities is one part of the road management and road organizer shall prioritize road maintenance to maintain the level of services in accordance with defined minimum service standards. Assessment of road conditions resulting from the survey activities. Km.77 (Batas Pidie) - Batas Kota Sigli is a national road with a length of 29.34 Km. Rating national road refers Free Road Condition Survey, No. SMD-03 / RC (relationship International Roughness Index, IRI-Surface Distress Index, SDI), which is only capable of supporting votes to traffic lanes. This research is assessed road conditions and a comparative analysis (IRI-SDI indicators and per-percentage area of damage) on the carriageway. The method used in the study, refers to the Minister of Public Works  No. 15 / PRT / M / 2007 and No. 13 / PRT / M / 2013, which is able to support the assessment of traffic lanes, shoulders, and complementary buildings (BPLK) with elements: median, ditches, culverts, retaining walls, island roads and sidewalks. The condition of the road is done through a detailed survey of road conditions with the visual method followed by processing and analyzing data, producing road conditions, type of treatment and allocation of the required budget requirements. The results show the value of the condition is above 60% steady-state condition and needs maintenance budget of Rp. 113,645,850,000.00 for all elements of the road. From the results of a comparative analysis of known value of a deviation of 4.77% for the stability of the road and -Rp.98.825.850.000,00 for road maintenance budget requirements.Abstrak: Kegiatan pemeliharaan jalan merupakan salah satu bagian dari penyelenggaraan jalan dan penyelenggara jalan wajib memperioritaskan pemeliharaan jalan untuk mempertahankan tingkat pelayanan sesuai dengan standar pelayanan minimal yang ditetapkan. Kegiatan penilaian kondisi jalan dihasilkan dari kegiatan survei jalan. Ruas jalan Km.77 (Batas Pidie) - Batas Kota Sigli merupakan ruas jalan nasional dengan panjang 29,34 Km. Penilaian ruas jalan nasional mengacu pada Panduan Survei Kondisi Jalan, No. SMD-03/RC (hubungan International Roughness Index, IRI - Surface Distress Index, SDI), yang hanya mampu mendukung penilaian untuk jalur lalu lintas. Penilitian ini dilakukan untuk menilai kondisi jalan dan analisis perbandingan (Indikator IRI - SDI dan persentase luasan kerusakan) pada jalur lalu lintas. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian, mengacu pada Peraturan Menteri Pekerjaan Umum (Permen PU) Nomor : 15/PRT/M/2007 dan Nomor : 13/PRT/M/2013, yang mampu mendukung penilaian jalur lalu lintas, bahu jalan, dan bangunan pelengkap (BPLK) dengan elemen : median, saluran samping, gorong-gorong, tembok penahan tanah, pulau jalan dan trotoar. Penilaian kondisi jalan dilakukan melalui survei kondisi rinci jalan dengan metode visual dilanjutkan dengan pengolahan dan analisis data, yang menghasilkan kondisi jalan, jenis penanganan dan alokasi kebutuhan anggaran yang dibutuhkan. Dari hasil penelitian diketahui nilai kondisi berada diatas 60 % kondisi mantap dan kebutuhan anggaran pemeliharaan Rp. 113.645.850.000,00 untuk seluruh elemen jalan. Dari hasil analisis perbandingan diketahui nilai deviasi sebesar 4,77 % untuk kemantapan jalan dan -Rp. 98.825.850.000,00 untuk kebutuhan anggaran pemeliharaan jalan.