Barubu, Enilistia
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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THE EFFECT OF ROLE PLAY ACTIVITY ON SPEAKING ABILITY OF THE FIRST YEAR SCIENCE STUDENTS AT SMAN 8 PEKANBARU Barubu, Enilistia; Masyhur, Masyhur; Afrianto, Afrianto
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan Vol 5: Edisi 2 Juli-Desember 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan

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Abstract

Abstract: This research is aimed at finding out the effect of role-play activity on students’ speaking ability of the first year science students of SMAN 8 Pekanbaru academic year 2017/2018. The total of the population of the first year science students at SMAN 8 Pekanbaru is 323 students. This number of the students is large enough to be taken as the sample, it is selected by using cluster random sampling technique. The selected sample was 10 science students 4 which consist of 36 students. The instrument of this research is speaking test form focusing on the oral narrative text. The test used role-play activity for both pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed by using five components of speaking as inferred by Brown (2004). They are pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension. The results show that the mean score of the speaking test of the first year students in pre-test is 68,86 while in post-test is 74,25. The highest score in pre-test is 54,17 for pronunciation while the lowest score is 48,19 for grammar. The highest score in post-test is 57,5 for comprehension and the lowest score is 53,89 for vocabulary. Therefore, it can be concluded that there is an effect of role-play activity on the first year science students’ speaking ability. In other words, the alternative hypothesis of this research, “There is an effect of role-play activity on the speaking ability of the first year science students at SMAN 8 Pekanbaru ” is accepted and the null hypothesis is rejected. It can be inferred that teaching speaking by using role play activity as one of the alternative speaking activities has an effect on the students’ speaking ability.Keyword: Role Play, Speaking Ability