Kusumawati, Eko
Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Published : 5 Documents
Articles

Found 5 Documents
Search

IDENTIFIKASI SENYAWA METABOLIT SEKUNDER DAN UJI AKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETANOL HERBA MENIRAN (Phyllanthus niruri L.) TERHADAP CANDIDA ALBICANS MENGGUNAKAN METODE DIFUSI CAKRAM Apriliana, Anita; Kusumawati, Eko; Selvitawati, Selvitawati
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 3 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (102.797 KB)

Abstract

The aim of this research is to know the ability of meniran ethanol extract (Phyllanthus niruri L.) in inhibiting the growth of Candida albicans. The research design is an experimental study. The extract used was herbal meniran extract made by maceration using 70% ethanol solvent, the content of ethanol extract of meniran tested against Candida albicans using disc diffusion method were 5%, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. Activity test conducted on Sabaraound Dextrose agar media that has been smeared with Candida albicans culture which has been standardized with Mc Farland standard. The pre-tested disc paper is first dipped into the extract with various concentrations. Incubated at 30 ° C for 24 hours and the inhibit zone formed was measured. The result showed that herbal ethanol extract of meniran resulted in drag zone diameter at Candida albicans ie 8,5 mm; 10.3 mm; 12.6 mm; 14.1 mm and 14.3 mm, for negative control 0 mm and positive control 20.1 mm. Data obtained from the results of the study were analyzed using one way anova method showed p - value <0,05, it was concluded that there was significant difference between negative control, 5%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and positive control.
PENGARUH LAMA PEREBUSAN SIMPLISIA DAUN APAH (Albertisia papuana Becc.) YANG DIGUNAKAN SEBAGAI PENYEDAP MAKANAN OLEH MASYARAKAT KAB. TANA TIDUNG TERHADAP ANGKA CEMARAN MIKROBA Rosnah, Rosnah; Hendra, Medi; Kusumawati, Eko
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.159 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of long simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) that’s used as a food’s flavoring by people of Kab. Tana Tidung against microbial contamination numbers. The design of research used a pattern completely randomized design (RAL), with a dilution series of samples 10-8, 10-9 and 10-10 and different boiling’s level (5, 10, 15, 20 and 25 minutes). The results obtained that the longer of boiling process is used, then the less the number of microbial contamination of colony growth. Average number of microbial contamination in samples in the boiling of 5 minutes is 92 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 10 minutes is 87 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 15 minutes is 56 x 1010 microbial colonies, in boiling 20 min is 44 x 1010 colonies of microbes and the boiling simplicia infuse for 25 minutes is 33 x 1010 colonies of microbes. Based of Analysis variance variety in each treatment showed that in boiling 20 minutes and 25 minutes showed real significant difference (p <0.05), but the boiling 5, 10 and 15 minutes there was no significant difference (P> 0.05). The results of the Anova, showed that in boiling treatment of simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) significantly affects the growth of microbial colonies. Analysis of Least Significant Difference (LSD) at the level of 95%, the result that the effects of long boiling the simplicia Apah’s leaves (Albertisia papuana Becc.) which is used as a food flavoring by people of Kab. Tana Tidung, significant effect on the numbers of microbial contamination
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN KECOMBRANG Etlingera elatior (Jack) R.M.Sm TERHADAP Salmonella typhi Kusumawati, Eko; Supriningrum, Risa; Rozadi, Reza
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 1 No 1 (2015): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (90.69 KB)

Abstract

Research Test Antibacterial Activity of Ethanol Extracts of Leaves kecombrang against Salmonella typhi aims to determine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of leaves kecombrang against Salmonella typhi. The extract used is kecombrang leaf extract prepared by maceration using ethanol 95%, extracts obtained test chemical classes of compounds to determine the content of the active compound. Antibacterial activity test conducted at five concentrations of the extract is 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100%. Inhibition zone measurement results are then analyzed using One Way ANOVA with SPSS 20 to determine whether there is a difference at each concentration. The results showed kecombrang leaf ethanol extract 20%, 40%, 60%, 80%, and 100% produce inhibition zone diameter 3.9 mm; 6.5 mm; 6.75 mm; 7:45 mm; and 9:28 mm, 0 mm for the negative control and positive control 32.61 mm. The test results show the class of secondary metabolites kecombrang leaf ethanol extract contains tannin, saponin, and flavonoids. Of statistical tests concluded there were significant differences of treatment results in inhibition of the respective concentrations of ethanol extracts of leaves kecombrang
UJI AKTIVITAS ANTIBAKTERI EKSTRAK ETANOL DAUN KEREHAU (Callicarpa longifolia Lam) TERHADAP Escherichia coli dan Staphylococcus aureus Kusumawati, Eko; Apriliana, Anita; Khatimah, Khusnul
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.314 KB)

Abstract

Kerehau (Callicarpa longifolia Lam) is a plant that has traditionally efficacious as a cure colds and diarrhea. Part used as medicine are the leaves. This study aims to determine the antibacterial activity of ethanol extract of leaves kerehau on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Kerehau leaf extract prepared by maceration method using ethanol 70%, with a test concentration of 10%, 25%, 50%, and 100% and chloramphenicol 0.1% (w / v) as a positive control and dimethyl sulfoxide 1% (v / v) as a negative control. The results of antibacterial activity test with extract concentrations of 25%, 50% and 100% in Escherichia coli is 9.45 mm, 12.21 mm and 17.38 mm, for the positive control is 21.85 mm. The results of antibacterial activity test with extract concentrations of 10%, 25%, 50% and 100% in Staphylococcus aureus was 7.3 mm, 9.85 mm, 13.65 mm and 20.58 mm, for the positive control was 24.05 mm. The antibacterial activity was analyzed by One Way ANOVA showed significant differences between treatments
UJI CEMARAN BAKTERI COLIFORM PADA MINUMAN AIR TEBU Sukawaty, Yullia; Kamil, Muhammad; Kusumawati, Eko
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 2 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : Akademi Farmasi Samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (237.962 KB)

Abstract

Sugarcane juice beverage is a beverage that is found along the village Sempaja and Pelita roads. Contamination in processed beverages derived from sugarcane juice and equipment used allow for contamination by coliform bacteria. The purpose of this study to investigate the contamination of coliform bacteria in water beverage sugar circulating in the village Sempaja and Pelita. Tests using the Most Probable Number (MPN) includes test estimators using lactose broth as the presumptive medium and Brillian Green Lactose Bile Broth as the confirmad medium. The results showed that eight samples tested positive for coliform contaminated with a high of 2800×101 MPN / mL (sample H) and the lowest value 170×101 MPN/mL (sample D). The results obtained show that the sugarcane juice drinks that supply does not meet the standards of Rule Head POM HK.00.06.1.52.4011 No. 2009 with standard quality requirements of 2×101colonies/mL.