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RESPONS INTELEKTUAL MUSLIM TERHADAP TEORI EVOLUSI Hilal, Muhammad
AL-FIKRA Vol 17, No 2 (2018): Al-Fikra Jurnal Ilmiah Keislaman
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau

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Abstract

This research aims to inquire the response of Muslim intellectuals toward the theory of evolution. It will trace how the theory of evolution is responded and received from the beginning of the coming of this evolutionary ideas into Muslim world to the recent times. After explaining the responses, this research will make a typology in which be drawn the types of each responses. This research uses qualitative method with the type of library research. From the exploration of those responses, this paper finds three types of responses. The first one is literal response which refuse the whole idea of evolution. The second is apologetic response which accept the idea of evolution, but refuse it in the human domain. The third is liberal response which accept the idea of evolution, either in animal or human domain, but reconsider the idea of “randomness” and “chance”.
TUHAN DALAM FILSAFAT DIALOG MARTIN BUBER Hilal, Muhammad
JURNAL PUSAKA Vol 1 No 2 (2014): Edisi 2
Publisher : LP3M IAI Al-Qolam Malang

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Abstract

Martin Buber is one of those prominent philosophers who offer alternatives to the problem of the distanced or separated view of objects. This view has rooted in the Eastern world, thanks to the Cartesian modern philosophy and the increasingly development of science.The Philosophy of Dialogue is Buber’s proposal to overcome the problem of subject-object distancedness and separatedness. The Philosophy of Dialogue argues that reality is “relation”. There are two kind of relations, according to Buber: I-Thou and I-It relation. The I-Thou relation is human experience as a totality; an original, spontaneous, unpretended and uninterested one that gives effect to the subject and the object as such. The I-It relation, on the contrary, is a distanced and power-pretended relation. It is the later relation that dominates philosophy and science in nineteenth century.Human has a central and fundamental place in Buber’s metaphysical concept of “relation” because the whole beings exist in human’s encounter toward them. Buber’s view about human nature, therefore, is the most basic of his entire philosophical thought.This philosophical standpoint enables Buber to begin his formulation on philosophy of religion. Buber expresses God as The Eternal Thou. With this expression, The Eternal Thou, Buber wants to move beyond all manifestations of human’s belief of God because it is not the understanding about God that Buber is pointing at, but the dialogical moment between man and God. Buber also argues that the only way to express the encounter with The Eternal Thou is by using paradoxical language. Only this paradoxical language can touch the most sublime side of that encounter.Keywords: Martin Buber, Filsafat Dialog, Relasi I-Thou dan I-It, The Eternal Thou, Bahasa Paradox
HUBUNGAN SAINS DAN AGAMA MENURUT SYAIKH HUSAIN AFANDÃŽ AL-JASR Hilal, Muhammad
JURNAL PUSAKA Vol 3 No 1 (2015): Edisi 5
Publisher : LP3M IAI Al-Qolam Malang

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Abstract

This article is aimed to examine if pesantren as an Indonesian-rooted institution of education has a unique view on the relation between Science and religion. Inquiring Syaikh Husain Afandî Al-Jasr’s thought, the question that is into account here is whether the relation of Science and religion is answered in a fixed way that could become a unique perspective of pesantren. Even though Syaikh Husain Afandî Al-Jasr wrote his thoughts in terms of theologian “defending Muslim’s faith”, his opinion about the relation between Science and religion could be regarded as interesting because he did not prohibit Science to develop according to its nature. Keywords: Relationship, Science and Religion, Pesantren