Hastami, Yunia
Departemen Anatomi, Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Konsensus Dokter Umum Mengenai Materi Inti Anatomi Sistem Reproduksi Wanita Untuk Mahasiswa Kedokteran PRATIWI, INTAN; HASTAMI, YUNIA; WIYONO, NANANG; MUNAWAROH, SITI
Smart Medical Journal Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Smart Medical Journal
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Introduction: The anatomy of the female reproductive system is one of the basic sciences of medical clinical practice needed by general practitioners. Until now there has been no standardization regarding anatomical material of the female reproductive system that medical students need to know. Meanwhile, the medical curriculum has undergone many changes that have impacted on reduced learning time resulting in a reduction in anatomical material given to students. This causes the different emphasis on anatomical material given to be different for each medical institution. This study aims to compile the subject matter of the anatomy of the female reproductive system in order to facilitate anatomical learning for medical students. Methods: This research is a qualitative research with Delphi method two rounds. The subjects were general practitioners from 9 institutions in Indonesia selected through purposive sampling as many as 20 people. The initial Delphi questionnaire was compiled based on three anatomical textbooks, one anatomic terminology, and one study on the anatomical core material. Delphi round I panel is asked to choose material that are important and can add material if it doesn't already exist. Delphi round II panel was asked to rank 1-4 in each material. Researchers set a consensus level of 53%.Results: The results of Delphi round I obtained 176 materials from a total of 178 materials and no additional material was obtained. Delphi round II obtained 84 (47.72%) core anatomical materials from 176 material.Conclusion: General practitioners consensus of core materials of female reproductive system anatomy is 84 materials.
Alternatif Metode Pembelajaran Anatomi Kedokteran Wiyono, Nanang; Hastami, Yunia
ANATOMICA MEDICAL JOURNAL | AMJ Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Anatomica Medical Journal
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Abstrak: Perubahan kurikulum pendidikan kedokteran dari metode konvensional ke pendekatan kurikulum berbasis kompetensi (KBK) berdampak pada pembelajaran anatomi baik dalam pengurangan alokasi waktu maupun model pembelajaran. Sampai sekarang belum ada keseragaman secara nasional dalam kurikulum materi dan model pembelajaran anatomi di Indonesia. Mata kuliah anatomi yang dahulu diberikan melalui kuliah dan praktikum diseksi atau proseksi dengan cadaver semakin menurun alokasi waktunya dalam sistem PBL ini. Selain itu juga tidak ada kurikulum nasional untuk pengajaran anatomi. Metode pembelajaranpun bervariasi pada masing-masing institusi. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk memberikan pandangan baru tentang berbagai metode mengajar anatomi yang dapat diterapkan pada mahasiswa S1 fakultas kedokteran di Indonesia yang menggunakan sistem KBK, yang telah dipraktekkan di beberapa fakultas kedokteran di berbagai negara. Penulisan naskah ini merupakan studi pustaka Seiring dengan diterapkannya pendidikan kedokteran berbasis kompetensi, pendidik dituntut untuk memperkaya model pembelajaran anatomi. Beberapa model pembelejaran dikembangkan antara lain: preparat plastinasi, “surface and living anatomy”, “radioimaging”, anatomi artificial dan virtual. Simpulan, anatomi merupakan mata kuliah dasar dan penting untuk mahasiswa kedokteran. Ada beberapa pendekatan yang dapat digunakan untuk mempelajari anatomi selain dengan cadaver, yakni spesimen plastinasi, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging, dan anatomi artificial dan virtual.Kata kunci: anatomi, plastinasi, living anatomy, radioimaging. Alternative Method in Medical Anatomy Learning Abstract: Anatomy is the basic science of medicine that must be given to medical students. The changes in the curriculum of medical education from the conventional method approach to competency-based curriculum (CBC) impact on learning anatomy in both the reduction of the allocation of time and learning model. Until now there has been no national uniformity in curriculum materials and teaching models anatomy in Indonesia and cadaver is still a major learning tool for medical students in Indonesia. This objective of this paper is to provide new insights about using alternative methods in teaching and learning anatomy that can be applied to undergraduate medical school students in Indonesian. Literature review. Some learning models developed include: plastinated specimen, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging,artificial and virtual anatomy. Conclusions, Anatomy is a basic and important course for medical students. We can use alternatif method in teachng anatomy,  i.e using plastination specimen, surface and living anatomy, radioimaging, artificial and virtual anatomy for medical anatomy educationKeywords: anatomy, plastination, living anatomy, radioimaging. 
DELPHI TECHNIQUE: CONSENSUS OF ANATOMY CIRCULATORY SYSTEM CORE SYLLABUS FOR MEDICAL STUDENT Munawaroh, Siti; Hanifa, Farhah Millata; Wiyono, Nanang; Hastami, Yunia; Kartikasari, Nur Dewi; Hermasari, Bulan Kakanita
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 7, No 2 (2018): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

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Background: Anatomy is a very important basic science in medical education. However, the advance of science and technology affected medical curriculum. One of the changes is the decreased time available for anatomy learning. Therefore, an anatomy lecturer needs to sort and choose from many existing anatomical materials to adjust with time allocation. The purpose of this study is to gain consensus on what minimum anatomical knowledge is for a physician candidate in order to practice safely. Method: This study was design in qualitative approach with two round Delphi Technique. Using purposive sampling method, the subjects of the study were 20 general-physicians in Indonesia. The questionnare was arranged based on anatomy text book and the research about anatomic core syllabus. The firts Delphi aimed to select the anatomical course material and additional course material. The second Delphi round intended to provide level range from 1-4. The consensus level established by researcher at 60% point.Results: There is not any additional topics in the first Delphi round. So the number of first and second round topics is 270 topics. The Delphi second round agree that anatomic core syllabus of circulation system is 110 of 270 topics. There are 30 topics of cor, 3 topics of pericardium, 10 topics of mediastinum, 37 topics of artery, 9 topics of vena, 9 topics of lymphathic system, 4 topics of postnatal circulation, 5 topics of prenatal circulation, and 3 topics of portal hepatic system.Conclusion: The anatomy core syllabus consists of 110 of the 270 anatomical circulatory system topics.