Ikawati, Kartika
STIKES Cendekia Utama Kudus

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HUBUNGAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP KECACINGAN PADA PEMULUNG Ikawati, Kartika; Rahadi, Wahyu; Ariani, Luky; Adi, M. Sakundarno
Jurnal Keperawatan dan Kesehatan Masyarakat Cendekia Utama Vol 5, No 1 (2016): Edisi Maret 2016
Publisher : STIKES Cendekia Utama Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1413.518 KB) | DOI: 10.31596/jcu.v2i4.102

Abstract

Kecacingan merupakan penyakit yang masih sering terjadi di masyarakat. Infeksi cacing pada manusia dipengaruhi oleh perilaku dan lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui prevalensi dan faktor risiko kecacingan pada pemulung di TPA Jatibarang, Mijen, Semarang. Penelitian bersifat survay analitik dengan desain case control. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah pemulung TPA Jatibarang Semarang. Sampel adalah seluruh anggota populasi sebanyak 120 pemulung. Pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner, observasi dan pemeriksaan di laboratorium. Hasil penelitian mendapatkan ; prevalensi kecacingan 47,5 %, prevalensitertinggi Ascariasis  52,6 %. Variabel yang menjadi faktor resiko kecacingan ;  buang air besar di jamban (OR : 3.748, 95%  CI : 1.372-10.234, P : 0.001),  cuci tangan pakai sabun yang mengandung antiseptik sebelum makan (OR : 3.684, 95  % CI : 1.516-8.965, P : 0.004) dan cuci tangan pakai sabun yang mengandung antiseptik setelah BAB (OR 2.132, CI: 1.661-6.877, P : 0.025). Variabel yang terbukti tidak menjadi faktor risiko, yaitu; memakai alas kaki di sekitar rumah, kecukupan air  bersih, memakai sarung tangan, memotong kuku, dan  memakai sepatu boot ( P>0.05). Disarankan kepada pemulung untuk buang air besar di jamban dan cuci tangan pakai sabun yang mengandung antiseptik.Kata Kunci : Soil transmitted helminth, Perilaku, Sanitasi Lingkungan, Pemulung TPA
Komponen Sindrom Metabolik sebagai Faktor Risiko Penyakit Ginjal Kronik Stadium Terminal (Studi di RSUP Dr.Kariadi dan RSUD Kota Semarang) Ikawati, Kartika; Chasani, Shofa; Suhartono, Suhartono; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Budijitno, Selamat
Jurnal Epidemiologi Kesehatan Komunitas Vol 3, No 1: Februari 2018
Publisher : Master of Epidemiology, School of Postgraduate Studies, Diponegoro University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.439 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jekk.v3i1.3123

Abstract

Background: End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) has been among the top ten list of non infectious diseases frequently found at RSUP dr. Kariadi and RSUD Kota Semarang. Risk factors for ESRD are metabolic syndrome components, which are having an upward trend. This study had an objective to provided an evidence of metabolic syndrome factors that became risk factors for ESRD.Method: This study applied an analytical observational method with a case control study design. The study used 90 respondents as samples, divided into two different groups: 45 respondents as case samples and 45 respondents as control samples with consecutive sampling. Variables in this study ware the individual characteristics and history of suffering from metabolic syndrome components. Data were collected by interview, medical record, and indepth interview. These data were subject to analyses using univariat, bivariate, and multivariate tests.Results: The study found the risk factors for ESRD as the followings: hypertension term of> 5 years (OR=10,89 and 95% CI=3,08-38,59; p=0,000), diabetes mellitus term of > 5 years (OR=3,84; 95% CI=1,20-12,30; p=0,023), and low HDL-cholesterol history of < 35 mg/dL(men) and < 40 mg/dL(women) with (OR=3.123, 95% CI=1.08-9.04; p=0,04). The indepth interview resulted in adequate knowledge of the respondents about the risk factors for ESRD.Conclusion: Risk factors for ESRD found during the observation were hypertension term of >5 years, diabetes mellitus term of >5 years, and low cholesterol HDL. To prevent theprogression of chronik kidney disease required strict control of metabolic syndrome.