Ridfah, Ahmad
Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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TERAPI TAWA TERHADAP PENURUNAN TINGKAT STRES AKADEMIK PADA MAHASISWA STRATA 1 Juhamzah, Sulfiani; widyastuti, Widyastuti; Ridfah, Ahmad
Jurnal Psikologi TALENTA Vol 4, No 1 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Abstract

Students are future leaders who are expected to have academic success as their primary goal. However,  academic demands  can  lead to students experiencing academic stress.This study aims to determine the effect of laughter therapy on reducing stress levels in students. Research subjects amounted to (N = 10), which is a force of 2015 that fall into the category of high and medium stress. The researchers used the experimental design of the one group pretest-posttest design using a double pretest. The measuring tool used is the scale of academic stress. Reliability of the measuring scale by calculating the Cronbach Alpha coefficient with a value of 0.822 which signifies high reliability. This research uses Friedman Test data analysis technique that is processed with SPSS version 22. The results showed that the value of Asymp. Sig. 0.000 then 0.000 <0,01, so there is influence of laughter therapy which is very significant to decrease level of academic stress in student of Strata 1 Faculty of Psychology Universitas Negeri Makassar. This study provides a new alternative to the decrease of academic stress level in the students.
EFEKTIVITAS PELATIHAN ADVERSITY QUOTIENT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI SISWA Hasan, Nabilah Panandrang; Dewi, Eva Meizara Puspita; Ridfah, Ahmad
Lentera Pendidikan : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah dan Keguruan Vol 20, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Tarbiyah and Teacher Training Universitas Islam Negeri Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

Abstrak:Motivasi berprestasi adalah dorongan yang dapat menggerakkan individu untuk ber­­tingkah-laku mencapai suatu prestasi atau suatu kesuksesan sebagai tujuan yang diharapkan. Salah satu metode yang digunakan dalam meningkatkan mo­ti­vasi berprestasi adalah pelatihan adversity quotient. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk me­nguji efektivitas pelatihan adversity quotient dalam meningkatkan motivasi ber­prestasi siswa SMK X di Kota Makassar. Materi pelatihan yang diberikan adalah kon­sep diri, apa itu adversity quotient, konsep ABCDE dan CORE, problem solving dan analisis SWOT, tipe adversity quotient, serta aku bisa. Responden penelitian di­pilih menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Rancangan eksperimen meng­gu­na­kan one group pre-test post-test design. Subjek penelitian ini berjumlah 15 orang. Pe­nelitian ini menggunakan skala motivasi berprestasi yang didasarkan pada teori Mc Clelland dengan reliabilitas 0,820. Penelitian ini menggunakan teknik ana­lisis data Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test yang kemudian diolah dengan SPSS version 20. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pelatihan adversity quotient efek­tif dalam meningkatkan motivasi berprestasi siswa SMK X di Kota Makassar, de­ngan signifikansi sebesar 0,005.Abstract:Achievement motivation is the drive that can move the individual to behave to achieve an achievement or a success as an expected goal. One of the methods used in improving achievement motivation is adversity quotient training. This study aims to test the effectiveness of adversity quotient training in improving the achievement motivation of students of SMK X in Makassar City. The training materials provided are self-concept, what is adversity quotient, ABCDE and CORE concept, problem solving and SWOT analysis, adversity quotient type, and I can. The respondents were chosen by using purposive sampling technique. The experimental design uses one group pre-test post-test design. Subjects of this study were 15 students. This research uses achievement motivation scale based on Mc Clelland theory with reliability 0,820. This study uses Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test data analysis techniques which is then processed with SPSS version 20. The results of this study indicate that training adversity quotient is effective in im­proving student achievement motivation at SMK X Makassar at 0.005 level of significance.
Properti Psikometrik Alat Ukur Shyness Ridfah, Ahmad; Murdiana, Sitti
Jurnal Psikologi TALENTA Vol 4, No 1 (2018): September
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Abstract

Research on shyness began to be widely performed, for it is deemed necessary to conduct a study of psychometric property of shyness scale, this scales made by researchers. This scale consists of four aspects, namely: cognitive, physiological, affective, and behavioral. Each aspect contains six items. This study aims to obtain a description of the aitem-total correlation, reliability, validity, and norms of shyness scale. The research respondents consisted of 690 college students. This study shows that the aitem-total correlatin range from 0.345 to 0.541. This study also shows that the shyness scale is reliable with Alpha Cronbach coefficient of 0.858. This study also shows that the shyness measuring instrument is valid in terms of concurrent validity, unidimensionality, and that the choice of answers given can be understood and can be distinguished by the subject of research. The study norms obtained from this study can be used with respect to the characteristics of the sample.Penelitian tentang shyness mulai banyak dilakukan, untuk itu dipandang perlu untuk melakukan kajian mengenai properti psikometrik yang dimiliki oleh alat ukur shyness yang dibuat oleh peneliti. Alat ukur tersebut terdiri atas empat aspek yaitu: kognitif, fisiologis, afektif, dan perilaku. Masing-masing aspek berisi enam aitem. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran daya diskriminasi aitem, reliabilitas, validitas, dan norma dari alat ukur shyness. Responden penelitian terdiri atas 690 mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa daya diskriminasi aitem bergerak dari 0,345 hingga 0,541. Penelitian ini menunjukkan pula bahwa alat ukur shyness tergolong reliabel dengan koefisien Alpha Cronbach sebesar 0,858. Penelitian ini juga menunjukkan bahwa alat ukur shyness tergolong valid ditinjau dari validitas konkuren, unidimensionalitas alat ukur, dan bahwa pilihan jawaban yang diberikan dapat dimengerti serta dapat dibedakan oleh subjek penelitian. Norma penelitian yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini dapat digunakan dengan memperhatikan karakteristik sampel.