Hidayah, Izhamil
Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

Published : 2 Documents
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Prevalence of Aflatoxin B1 in Commercial Dried Fish from Some Regions of Java

Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 12, No 3 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to study the prevalence of aflatoxin B1 in commercial dried salted fish and other related information. A total of 150 samples were classified into 3 groups, based on the salt content. Low salt content (0-5%) were dried anchovies (Stolephorus sp.) and commerson’s anchovy (Stolephorus commersonii); moderate salt content (6-10%) were medan anchovy (Stolephorus bataviensis) and  whipfin silverbiddy (Gerres filamentosus) while high salt content (>10%) were moonlight gouramy (Trichogaster microlepis) and snakehead fish (Channa striata). The samples were collected from different seller in Java Island and then determined for Aspergillus flavus, Aflatoxin B1, salt content, moisture content, pH, water activity and total mold count. Results showed that dried salted fish were contaminated with A. flavus at temperature of 25.2-32.2 oC, 65-84% humidity, 17-50% moisture content, 0.25-19.88% salt content, and 0.73-0.86 aw. The prevalence of A. flavus in dried salted fish was 9.33% (14/150) and the prevalence of aflatoxin B1 was 8% (12/150) with detectable concentrations of 10.71-33.6 ppb.

Risk Profile and Semi Quantitative Risk Probability of Aflatoxin B1 from Aspergillus flavus in a Dried Salted Fish in Several Regions of Java

Squalen, Buletin Pascapanen dan Bioteknologi Kelautan dan Perikanan Vol 13, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Research and Development Center for Marine and Fisheries Product Processing and Biotechnol

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Abstract

This study presents a semi-quantitative risk analysis, which determines the probability of aflatoxin B1 exposure from Aspergillus flavus in dried salted fish from the results of research conducted by Indriati about  the prevalence of aflatoxin  B1 in commercial dried fish from some regions of Java. Samples were randomly collected from retailers in Java, such as Banten, DKI Jakarta, West Java, Central Java and East Java, to obtain an approximate level of aflatoxin B1 exposure into Indonesian consumers. The occurrence of the probability of aflatoxin B1 risk from Aspergillus flavus was calculated by statistical, probability approach in @risk version 7.0 software with Monte Carlo simulation. The results of this study showed that the consumption of salted fish was about 3.7 g/capita/day. Hence  there are risks of 7.74 cfu/g A. flavus exposure and 0.7291 ppb aflatoxin B1 exposure in 1 g of a salted fish taken from sampling locations. However this value is still categorized as low risk level.