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Confucius Institute at Universitas Al Azhar, Jakarta The unseen power of China Lan, Thung Ju
Wacana Vol 18, No 1 (2017): Chinese Indonesians in historical perspective I
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4994.318 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wacana.v18i1.576

Abstract

China’s soft power is a difficult concept to measure if the Confucius Institute is the only source relied on. Joseph Nye’s concept of soft power puts a strong emphasis on “the power of attraction” as a tool to persuade or “to shape the preferences of others” in the worlds of business and politics. To understand how this soft power - or the Confucius Institute - works, we have to determine the “observable” power of the “intangible” attraction embedded in it. This observable but intangible attraction is assumed to be “embedded”in the language and culture offered by the Institute, namely so-called “shared values”. However, without having attended its classes, it is difficult to see which values are being shared with the local students. Despite this handicap, it is very apparent that the image of China itself has acted as an attraction. An attraction to China was visible already, even before the Confucius Institute was established. For Indonesians, China is a big country which has exerted its power there for a long time through its diaspora and/or exports. Therefore, the Confucius Institute is just one of the many forms of Chinese-ness within their purview. Certainly, the Confucius Institute might have assisted in adjusting negative impressions and expelling some of the reservations the Indonesians have about China. Nevertheless, its influence extends to only a limited number of people who are closely engaged with the Institute.
Heterogeneity, politics of ethnicity, and multiculturalism What is a viable framework for Indonesia? Lan, Thung Ju
Wacana Vol 13, No 2 (2011): Multiculturalism
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (245.783 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wjhi.v13i2.24

Abstract

Indonesia is a plural society that consists of several hundred ethnic and sub-ethnic groups. One of its generic characteristics is heterogeneity. In the last ten years after the implementation of regional autonomy, we have witnessed the emergence of strong ethnic and religiously flavoured local identity politics in various places in Indonesia that created open and vicious conflicts. This periodical violence exploded especially during the election of district and provincial heads. The intimate relation multiculturalism, with the actual political praxis of everyday life as an alternative to the existing paradigm of the “homogenization” of nationhood, has not been discussed. I believe it is time to discuss the strategic junctures between heterogeneity, politics of ethnicity (and religion) and multiculturalism as well as their possible realization at the local and national levels in order to find a viable framework for a future Indonesia.
Munawir Aziz, Lasem kota Tiongkok kecil; Interaksi Tionghoa, Arab, dan Jawa dalam silang budaya pesisiran. Yogyakarta: Ombak, 2014, 212 pp. ISBN: 9786022581666. Price: IDR 50,000 (soft cover). Lan, Thung Ju
Wacana Vol 16, No 2 (2015): From languages to cultures in Indonesia II
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (412.417 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wacana.v16i2.390

Abstract

The Chinese in Indonesia Lan, Thung Ju
Wacana Vol 12, No 2 (2010): Lexicon and Semantics
Publisher : Faculty of Humanities, University of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2981.739 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/wjhi.v12i2.130

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Heterogenitas Orang Keturunan Cina (Tionghoa) di Indonesia Dalam Perspektif Sosial-Budaya Lan, Thung Ju
Paradigma, Jurnal Kajian Budaya Vol 3, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pengetahuan Budaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.658 KB) | DOI: 10.17510/paradigma.v3i1.32

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The issue of heterogeneity of Chinese Indonesians is often seen as something simple, because the general view tends to focus on traditional categorization such as race/ethnic group, religion and occupation. In fact, the development of the society which was supported by technological development has produced the variable of ‘class’ and global influences that diversify various social and economic activities so that the world of business and life within the ‘local’ and/or ‘national’ realms as a whole becomes very complex. As a result, the heterogeneity of Chinese Indonesians should be seen, not only through traditional categorization, but also according to the political history of Indonesian nation-state, the dynamics of relations between China, as the country of origin, and Indonesia as the country of settlement, the scattering of Chinese in Indonesian territory that consists of a number of big and small islands, as well as the Chinese individual’s perspective on how the Chinese should be located in the Indonesian society.
REDEFINISI ETNISITAS DALAM KONTEKS KEBUDAYAAN NASIONAL Lan, Thung Ju
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (70.461 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v8i1.184

Abstract

Ethnicity is a very important issue for the pluralistic Indonesian society, but before ethnic violences exploded in various places of Indonesia, not many social scientists were interested in studying the topic, and their understanding of ethnicity was mostly limited to the classic meaning of “an ethnic group’s identity” introduced by Fredrik Barth in 1969. This classic meaning has obviously failed to help us understand the dynamics of ethnic violences that occurred in Indonesia during the 7-8 years after the 1996 Sanggauledo conflict because it implied “old histories, local rivalries, and deep hatred” that could be traced back to the beginning of tribalism, but had no real connection to contemporary occurrences such as how ethnicity (of the Acehnese and the Papuan) was mobilized as ‘identity politics’ at the level of nation-state which led to state’s violences against those (ethnic) groups. Therefore, I think it is quite critical to discuss the new definition of ethnicity as ‘a new cultural dimension of difference’ and/or ‘the question of culturalism’, as well as its significance within the present socio-political context of Indonesia. For instance, is the (re)construction of ethnicity by the Acehnese, the Papuan, the Dayak, the Riau-Malay, and others in mobilizing ethnic solidarity really ‘the (re)making of ethno(local)-nationalism’ as some people have suggested? Keywords: etnicity, ethnic violence, difference, culturalism, ethno(local)- nationalism.
Memahami Konsep Etnisitas di Perkotaan: Politik Inter-ruang di Kota Multikultural Lan, Thung Ju
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 19, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (288.214 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v19i3.534

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Tulisan ini membahas pemaknaan konsep etnisitas di perkotaan yang berbeda dengan konsep ‘kelompok etnik’ di perdesaan. Pemaknaan etnisitas di perkotaan, seperti dikatakan Hirschman, tidak terkait dengan sifat asalnya yang primordial, melainkan karena etnisitas menjadi dasar dari organisasi politik dan ekonomi di masa lalu dan masa kini yang dapat diproyeksikan ke masa depan. Perspektif Hirschman menjadi penting untuk memahami dinamika etnisitas di perkotaan yang diterjemahkan dan diartikulasikan melalui “strategi komunikasi dan diferensiasi yang sangat dinamis”, dan terkait erat dengan fungsi baru etnisitas sebagai sumber daya bagi proses negosiasi politik di perkotaan untuk membangun apa yang dikatakan Ojeda sebagai “skenario pengakuan baru oleh negara”; seperti pada kasus Pilkada 2017 yang sepertinya membelah masyarakat Jakarta atas dasar etnisitas (pribumi Islam-non-pribumi non-Islam). This article discusses the reinterpretation of urban ethnicity which differs to the concept of ethnic groups introduced by classical anthropologists. Urban ethnicity, as Hirschman suggested, could be defined as the foundation of economic and political organizations in the past and present which might be projected to the future; it is totally unrelated to its primordial characteristics. Hirschman’s perspective becomes significant to understand the dynamics of urban ethnicity which has been interpreted or articulated through “highly dynamic communication and differentiation strategies, when ethnicity works as a resource for political negotiation process in urban life to build what Ojeda called “new recognition scenario by the state”. The case of 2017 Regional Election of Jakarta Governor-Vice Governor -which is seen as dividing Jakarta people into indigenous Islams and non-indigenous non-Islams- might provide an interesting example of how to construe urban ethnicity in the present context
Hubungan Sosial Ekonomi Nelayan Lokal dan Nelayan Pendatang di Indonesia Bagian Timur Lan, Thung Ju
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 2, No.1 (1998)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (999.418 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v2i1.717

Abstract

The Competition between local fisherman and new comers is mostly assumed to create conflicts. By comparing fisherman of Bebalang & Beo in North Sulawesi with those of Hitu & Sathean in Maluku and those of Tobati & Enggros in Teluk Yotefa, Iran Jaya. We can see that it is not always the case. Homogenety-Heterogenetiy as well as openness-closeness of a fishing community plays an important role in developing competition into (physical) conflicts.