Hati, Febrina Suci
Alma Ata University Press

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Gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Bantul, Yogyakarta Siolimbona, Asriyanti; Ridwan, Edi Sampurno; Hati, Febrina Suci
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).57-62

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Undernutrition problem could be happened in young children above 6 months old because only breastmilk intake is not suffi cient for the physiological need of baby, especially growth and developmental. Therefore, they must be given the complementary feeding that are produced according to the baby’s stomach ability to digest. Giving complementary feeding and breast milk to the baby until the age of 2 years old is very important.Objectives: To know the description of knowledge level of mothers about complementary feeding in young children 6-24 months old in Pedes, Argomulyo, Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: This was quantitative descriptive research with cross sectional design. Samples were 39 mothers having young children 6-24 months old. Questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data were then analyzed in univariate.Results: Most of mothers had good category knowledge level about definition, function, role, the way and the risk of complementary feeding. The percentage of these knowledge levels were 92.3% (36 mothers), 87.1% (34 mothers), 61.5% (24 mothers), 74.3% (29 mothers), and 43.5% (17 mothers), respectively.Conclusions: Knowledge level of mothers about complementary feeding in young children 6-24 months old in Pedes, Argomulyo, Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta were categorized as good. KEYWORDS: knowledge level, complementary feeding, young children 6-24 months old, mother ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Masalah gizi kurang pada bayi dapat terjadi setelah bayi berumur di atas 6 bulan akibat air susu ibu (ASI) yang diberikan tidak lagi mencukupi kebutuhan fisiologi bayi untuk tumbuh dan berkembang. Selain ASI, bayi pada umur 6 bulan juga perlu diberi makanan tambahan yang disesuaikan dengan kemampuan lambung bayi untuk mencerna makanan. Pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) dan ASI hingga bayi berumur 2 tahun sangat penting bagi bayi.Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Desa Argomulyo, Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini deskriptif kuantitatif dengan rancangan cross sectional. Sampel diambil dengan teknik total sampling yaitu seluruh ibu yang mempunyai anak umur 6-24 bulan yang berjumlah 39 orang. Instrumen penelitian adalah kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan univariat.Hasil: Secara keseluruhan, tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI sebagian besar baik yaitu 71,7% (28 orang). Secara parsial, tingkat pengetahuan ibu sebagian besar tentang pengertian, manfaat, peranan, cara pemberian, dan risiko pemberian MP-ASI tergolong baik berturut-turut dengan persentase 92,3% (36 orang), 87,1% (34 orang), 61,5% (24 orang), 74,3% (29 orang), dan 43,5% (17 orang). Kesimpulan: Tingkat pengetahuan ibu tentang MP-ASI anak umur 6-24 bulan di Dusun Pedes, Desa Argomulyo, Kecamatan Sedayu, Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta termasuk dalam kategori baik.KATA KUNCI: tingkat pengetahuan, makanan pendamping ASI, bayi usia 6-24 bulan, ibu
Gambaran status gizi anak 12-24 bulan di Puskesmas Mergangsan Kota Yogyakarta tahun 2015: tinjauan riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif dan kejadian penyakit infeksi T. Hi. Abdullah, Nurlisa; Paratmanitya, Yhona; Hati, Febrina Suci
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 3, NOMOR 3, SEPTEMBER 2015
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2015.3(3).149-154

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malnutrition and severe undernutrition is one of the main health problems faced in developing countries. In Indonesia, health problems and the child’s growth are influenced by two main issues , namely a state of good nutrition and the prevalence of infectious diseases . Worsening child malnutrition can occur because of ignorance of the mother about the manner of breastfeeding to their children. Yogyakarta city still has the highest prevalence of malnutrition (W/A) , as compared to four other districts in the amount of 1.04 % (exceeding the target of the action plan for food and nutrition is < 1%).Objectives: To know the nutritional status of children (12-24 months) in terms of the history of exclusive breastfeeding and the incidence of infectious diseases at the Mergangsan health center in Yogyakarta. Methods: This research used quantitative descriptive method with cross sectional approach. Subjects were children aged 12-24 who months were recorded in four villages Kaparakan Integrated Health Centre (RW III , VII , IX , and XII) in Puskesmas Mergangsan, Yogyakarta. The sampling technique of this study used total sampling, the number of samples were 34 respondents. Data were collected by using a questionnaire.Results: Most children did not receive exclusive breastfeeding (55.9%). All of the children had infectious diseases (diarrhea, respiratory infection) in the last one month. Most of children had good nutrition (58.8%), and 86.7% children received exclusive breastfeeding. Meanwhile, 36.8% children did not. Most of children who had infectious diseases history were included in good nutritional status. Conclusion: Children who had a history of exclusive breastfeeding was 86.7%, while those who had not breastfeeding exclusively was 36.8%. Most of children with good nutritional status had experiences of infectious diseases (diarrhea, respiratory infection). KEYWORDS: exclusive breastfeeding, infectious disease, nutritional statusABSTRAKLatar belakang: Gizi kurang dan buruk merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan utama yang dihadapi oleh negara berkembang. Di Indonesia, masalah kesehatan dan pertumbuhan anak sangat dipengaruhi oleh dua persoalan utama yaitu keadaan gizi yang tidak baik dan merajalelanya penyakit infeksi. Memburuknya gizi anak dapat terjadi karena ketidaktahuan ibu mengenai tata cara pemberian ASI kepada anaknya. Kota Yogyakarta masih memiliki prevalensi gizi buruk tertinggi (BB/U) dibandingkan empat kabupaten lainnya, yaitu sebesar 1,04% (melebihi target rencana aksi daerah pangan dan gizi.Tujuan: Mengetahui gambaran status gizi anak (12-24 bulan) ditinjau dari riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif dan kejadian penyakit infeksi di Puskesmas Mergangsan Kota Yogyakarta. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Subjek penelitian adalah anak usia 12-24 bulan yang tercatat di 4 Posyandu Kelurahan Kaparakan (RW III, VII, IX, dan XII) di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Mergangsan, Kota Yogyakarta. Teknik pengambilan sampel pada penelitian ini menggunakan total sampling, dengan jumlah sampel 34 responden. Alat ukur dalam penelitian ini menggunakan kuesioner. Hasil: Sebagian besar anak tidak mendapat ASI eksklusif (55,9%). Semua anak pernah mengalami penyakit infeksi (diare, ISPA) dalam 1 bulan terakhir. Mayoritas anak memiliki gizi baik (58,8%) dengan jumlah anak yang mendapat ASI eksklusif sebesar 86,7%, sedangkan yang tidak mendapat ASI ekslusif sebesar 36,8%. Mayoritas anak yang pernah mengalami penyakit infeksi berstatus gizi baik (58,8%).Kesimpulan: Sebagian besar anak memiliki riwayat pemberian ASI eksklusif. Terdapat lebih dari sebagian anak dengan status gizi baik pernah mengalami penyakit infeksi (diare, ISPA). KATA KUNCI: ASI eksklusif, penyakit infeksi, status gizi
Formulasi bubur bayi MPASI yang diperkaya hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) Aprilia, Veriani; Hati, Febrina Suci
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 2, MEI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(2).88-96

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malnutrition become the problem in Indonesia. Complementary feeding has the role in solving it. Most of commercial complementary feeding are enriched by vegetable protein, whereas animal protein has more complete amino acid and better digestibility. Unfortunately, consuming animal proteinoften raises concern because of its allergenicity. Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) can be used as a source of high animal protein in the diet that may solve the nutritional problem after reduction of its allergen.Objectives: To develope formulate of complementary feeding porridge enriched with hydrolized protein from catfish muscle.Methods: This was experimental study. HPIL and HPIK was enzymatic hydrolized products of catfish using crude and commercial papain, respectively. Overall and partial hedonic test used 23 mothers as panelists, then selected formula were tested its acceptance by 9 babies using face scale. Nutrient content of porridge were analyzed for protein, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and water.Results: Hydrolysis of catfish using papain made the changes in color, taste, and aroma. The bitter taste limited the uses, maximum amount was 25%. Porridge with the addition of HPIK were chosen by mothers and babies panelists, whereas HPIL did not. Protein content of formulated product were lower than commercial product, but carbohydrate and fat content were higher.Conclusions: Porridge formula with addition of 25% HPIK my be developed as alternative product of complementary feeding.KEYWORDS: protein, papain, catfish, protein hydrolisate, complementary feedingABSTRAKLatar belakang: Kekurangan gizi masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia. MPASI memiliki peran penting dalam mengatasi masalah tersebut. MPASI pada umumnya diperkaya oleh protein nabati, padahal protein hewani mengandung asam amino dan daya cerna yang lebih baik. Namun demikian, protein hewanimeningkatkan risiko alergi pada bayi. Lele (Clarias gariepinus) dapat dijadikan alternatif sumber protein hewani karena ketersediaan yang banyak dan harganya yang murah. Diperlukan suatu teknologi untuk mengurangi tingkat alerginya dan formulasi yang tepat dibutuhkan agar dapat diterima oleh bayi.Tujuan: Formulasi bubur bayi MPASI yang diperkaya hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental. HPIL dan HPIK merupakan hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo yang masing-masing dihidrolisis secara enzimatis menggunakan enzim papain kasar dan papain komersial. Uji kesukaan keseluruhan dan parsial menggunakan 23 panelis ibu, kemudian formula terpilihdiujikan daya terimanya oleh 9 bayi menggunakan skala raut muka. Uji nilai gizi bubur bayi meliputi kadar protein, karbohidrat, lemak, protein, dan air.Hasil: Proses hidrolisis kimiawi protein ikan lele dumbo menggunakan enzim papain menyebabkan perubahan warna, rasa, dan aroma produk. Adanya perubahan sifat tersebut menyebabkan penambahannya ke dalam formulasi bubur MPASI hanya sampai kadar 25%. Di atas kadar tersebut, produk berasa pahit. Hasil uji sensoris produk formulasi HPIK dapat diterima oleh panelis ibu dan bayi, sedangkan produk HPIL tidak. Kandungan protein produk formulasi lebih rendah dibanding bubur komersial, namun kandungan karbohidrat dan lemak lebih tinggi.Kesimpulan: Formula bubur bayi dengan penambahan 25% HPIK dapat dikembangkan menjadi alternatif produk MPASI.KATA KUNCI: protein, papain, lele dumbo, hidrolisat protein, MPASI
Pengaruh Pemberian Stimulasi pada Perkembangan Anak Usia 12-36 Bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul Hati, Febrina Suci; Lestari, Prasetya
Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Maret 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21927/jnki.2016.4(1).44-48

Abstract

The important period during the growth of children is the fi rst fi ve years which is the golden period of life. Stimulation has important roles to improve child growth and development, especially cognitive function, psychomotor and affective. The lack of stimulation will result in the loss of function of the brain cells. Stimulations from parents and nutritional status are two factors which influence children’s growth. The purpose of this study was to identify the relation between development stimulation in 1-3 years old children. The research used analitic prospectif cohort in 1-3 year old children in Sedayu Sub-District, Bantul Regency from February until May 2015. The sampling technique used was cluster sampling. The instruments used were questionnaire, and KPSP form. Univariate data analysis technique used frequency distribution, bivariate analysis used Spearman’s rank, There was a signifi cant relation between stimulation and development children in 1-3 years old (p=0,001; CI 95% ;OR=3,37).