Aprilia, Veriani
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Porang flour with and without soaking of keji beling extract increased ureum level on toxicity test Astuti, Ratna Dwi; Prastowo, Agus; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 5, NOMOR 3, 2017
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.596 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2017.5(3).93-97

Abstract

Background: The porang tuber (Amorphophallus oncophyllus) is a functional food containing glucomannan that has many advantages in health. However, porang flour can not be consumed, because the high content of calcium oxalate that have the risk on kidney disease. It can be reduced by physical or chemical treatment. Keji beling (Strobilanthes crispa L. Blume) has been proved for its function in dissolving the calcium oxalate, but its uses in decreasing of calcium oxalate has not been studied yet.Objectives: To evaluate the effect of porang flour on ureum levels of wistar rat blood in acute toxicity test.Methods: The research was experimental with pre and post without control group design. The samples were 20 female Wistar rats, aged 8-10 weeks with body weight of 100-180 grams. Rats were divided into 4 groups of treatment those were native porang with the dose of 2000, 5000 mg/kg of body weight, porang flour with soaking of extract at the dose 2000 and 5000 mg/kg of body weight. Porang was incorporated orally into the mouth of rats after 18 hours of adaptation. At the 24th and  72nd hours after treatment, the bloods were collected and analyzed for their ureum levels.Results: The statistical test showed that there was an effect of porang flour with and without soaking of keji beling extract before and after treatment on ureum level at the dose of 2000 and 5000 mg/kg body weight, however there was no significant difference ureum level of the same dose at 24th or 72nd hours, except on the dose of 2000 mg / kg weight at the 72nd hour. Results of observation between the 24th hour compared to the 72nd hour showed that there was no significant difference of urea value (p> 0.05). Increased levels of ureum was influenced by the calcium oxalate content contained in porang flour. In TPM, ureum level was higher than that in TPK.Conclusions : The increase in urea levels was still in normal range, therefore porang flour is still safe for consumption.KEYWORDS: acute toxicity, porang flour, urea, keji beling
Ketahanan pangan rumah tangga berhubungan dengan stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan Masrin, Masrin; Paratmanitya, Yhona; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 2, NOMOR 3, SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.129 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2014.2(3).103-115

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ABSTRACTBackground: Food is one of human basic needs. If it is not fullfilled, both in their number and quality in the individual and household level will disturb the achievement of the life quality that are health, active, and sustainable and able to rise various health and nutrition problems. Stunting in children 6-23 monthswas one of chronical nutrition problems that was caused by access and afford to the food still low.Objectives: To analyze the correlation between food security of the household and stunting incidence in children aged 6-23 months in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Methods: This was an observational study with case-control design. The samples of the study were 126 children aged 6-23 months, each for case, and control group. The samples were chosen by total sampling method. Data were analyzed by using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate. Statistic test in bivariate analysis used chi-square test and in multivariate analysis used logistic regression test.Results: Bivariate analysis showed that food security of the household had correlation with stunting incidence in children aged 6-23 months (p=0.04, OR=2.70, 95% CI:0.94-8.77). The confounding variable which had significant correlation with stunting incidence in children aged 6-23 months were mother height (p=0.00, OR=2.03, 95% CI:1.14-3.65) and low birth weigth history (p=0.03, OR=3.02, 95% CI:0.98-11.04). Multivariate analysis by controlling mother height and low birth weigth history in children aged 6-23 months,showed that household food security had correlation with stunting incidence in children aged their 6-23 months (p=0.05, OR=2.62, 95% CI:0.97-7.12).Conclusions: There was significant correlation between household food security and stunting incidence in children aged at their 6-23 months in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul, Yogyakarta.KEYWORDS: household food security, stunting, children aged in 6-23 monthsABSTRAKLatar belakang: Pangan merupakan salah satu kebutuhan dasar manusia. Jika kebutuhan tersebut tidak terpenuhi, baik jumlah maupun mutunya pada tingkat individu dan rumah tangga akan mengganggu tercapainya kualitas hidup sehat, aktif, dan berkesinambungan serta dapat menimbulkan berbagai permasalahankesehatan dan gizi. Baduta stunting merupakan salah satu masalah gizi kronis yang disebabkan oleh akses dan keterjangkauan terhadap pangan masih rendah.Tujuan: Menganalisis hubungan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga dengan kejadian stunting pada balita usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan case-control. Sampel penelitian adalah baduta usia 6-23 bulan yang berjumlah 126 untuk masing-masing kelompok kasus dan kontrol dengan rasio 1:1. Teknik pengambilan sampel menggunakan metode total sampling. Analisis data secarabertahap, yaitu analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat. Uji statistik bivariat menggunakan chi-square dan multivariat menggunakan regresi logistik. Hasil: Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta usia 6-23 bulan (p=0,04, OR=2,70, 95% CI:0,94-8,77). Variabel luar yang berhubungan signifikan dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta usia 6-23 bulan yaitu tinggi badan ibu(p=0,00, OR=2,03, 95% CI:1,14-3,65) dan riwayat BBLR (p=0,03, OR=3,02, 95% CI:0,98-11,04). Hasil analisis multivariat dengan mengendalikan variabel tinggi badan ibu dan riwayat BBLR baduta menunjukkan ketahanan pangan rumah tangga berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta usia 6-23 bulan (p=0,05, OR=2,62, 95% CI:0,97-7,12).Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara ketahanan pangan rumah tangga dengan kejadian stunting pada baduta usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.KATA KUNCI: ketahanan pangan rumah tangga, stunting, baduta usia 6-23 bulan
Formulasi bubur bayi MPASI yang diperkaya hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus) Aprilia, Veriani; Hati, Febrina Suci
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 2, MEI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.909 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(2).88-96

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Malnutrition become the problem in Indonesia. Complementary feeding has the role in solving it. Most of commercial complementary feeding are enriched by vegetable protein, whereas animal protein has more complete amino acid and better digestibility. Unfortunately, consuming animal proteinoften raises concern because of its allergenicity. Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) can be used as a source of high animal protein in the diet that may solve the nutritional problem after reduction of its allergen.Objectives: To develope formulate of complementary feeding porridge enriched with hydrolized protein from catfish muscle.Methods: This was experimental study. HPIL and HPIK was enzymatic hydrolized products of catfish using crude and commercial papain, respectively. Overall and partial hedonic test used 23 mothers as panelists, then selected formula were tested its acceptance by 9 babies using face scale. Nutrient content of porridge were analyzed for protein, carbohydrate, fat, protein, and water.Results: Hydrolysis of catfish using papain made the changes in color, taste, and aroma. The bitter taste limited the uses, maximum amount was 25%. Porridge with the addition of HPIK were chosen by mothers and babies panelists, whereas HPIL did not. Protein content of formulated product were lower than commercial product, but carbohydrate and fat content were higher.Conclusions: Porridge formula with addition of 25% HPIK my be developed as alternative product of complementary feeding.KEYWORDS: protein, papain, catfish, protein hydrolisate, complementary feedingABSTRAKLatar belakang: Kekurangan gizi masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia. MPASI memiliki peran penting dalam mengatasi masalah tersebut. MPASI pada umumnya diperkaya oleh protein nabati, padahal protein hewani mengandung asam amino dan daya cerna yang lebih baik. Namun demikian, protein hewanimeningkatkan risiko alergi pada bayi. Lele (Clarias gariepinus) dapat dijadikan alternatif sumber protein hewani karena ketersediaan yang banyak dan harganya yang murah. Diperlukan suatu teknologi untuk mengurangi tingkat alerginya dan formulasi yang tepat dibutuhkan agar dapat diterima oleh bayi.Tujuan: Formulasi bubur bayi MPASI yang diperkaya hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimental. HPIL dan HPIK merupakan hidrolisat protein ikan lele dumbo yang masing-masing dihidrolisis secara enzimatis menggunakan enzim papain kasar dan papain komersial. Uji kesukaan keseluruhan dan parsial menggunakan 23 panelis ibu, kemudian formula terpilihdiujikan daya terimanya oleh 9 bayi menggunakan skala raut muka. Uji nilai gizi bubur bayi meliputi kadar protein, karbohidrat, lemak, protein, dan air.Hasil: Proses hidrolisis kimiawi protein ikan lele dumbo menggunakan enzim papain menyebabkan perubahan warna, rasa, dan aroma produk. Adanya perubahan sifat tersebut menyebabkan penambahannya ke dalam formulasi bubur MPASI hanya sampai kadar 25%. Di atas kadar tersebut, produk berasa pahit. Hasil uji sensoris produk formulasi HPIK dapat diterima oleh panelis ibu dan bayi, sedangkan produk HPIL tidak. Kandungan protein produk formulasi lebih rendah dibanding bubur komersial, namun kandungan karbohidrat dan lemak lebih tinggi.Kesimpulan: Formula bubur bayi dengan penambahan 25% HPIK dapat dikembangkan menjadi alternatif produk MPASI.KATA KUNCI: protein, papain, lele dumbo, hidrolisat protein, MPASI
Kandungan bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya pada makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Bantul Paratmanitya, Yhona; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.377 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).49-55

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: The National Agency of Drug and Food Control (BPOM) showed that in 2012, consuming of food is the highest caused of poisoning incidence (66.7%) among others (drug, cosmetics, etc). One of factors influence it was chemical contamination in food, such as borax (sodium tetraborate), formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B. Based on this data, there were 2.93% of borax, 1.34% of formaldehyde, and 1.02% of rhodamine-B detected in the snack foods of elementary school children. Their accumulation may have negative impact on body health.Objectives: To know the content of food additive substances contamination (borax, formaldehyde, rhodamin-B) in the snack food of elementary school children in Bantul. Methods: This was an observational research with survey design. The research was done in 68 of elementary schools in District of Bantul. All suspected snack food samples inside and outside the school were analyzed for their chemical contaminations. Qualitative analysis of borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamin-B were done by using curcumin, KMnO4, and test kit methods, respectively. Results: There were 107 samples collected from 68 elementary schools in Bantul. The most sold sample suspecting of chemical contamination was meatball (22.4%). Among 98 analyzed samples, there were 15 (15.3%) and 25 (25.5%) samples that were proven to have borax and formaldehyde. Meanwhile, there were 7 (46.7%) samples of 15 samples were proven to have rhodamine-B. From the data, there were 34 elementary schools (50%) that have no harmful chemical contamination in their snack food.Conclusions: The percentage of snack food containing borax, formaldehyde, and rhodamine-B in elementary school in Bantul was still high enough.KEYWORDS: snack food, borax, formaldehyde, rhodamine-BABSTRAKLatar belakang: Data Badan Pengawas Obat dan Makanan (BPOM) menunjukkan bahwa sepanjang tahun 2012, insiden keracunan akibat mengkonsumsi makanan menduduki posisi paling tinggi, yaitu 66,7%, dibandingkan dengan keracunan akibat penyebab lain, misalnya obat, kosmetika, dan lain-lain. Salah satu penyebab keracunan makanan adalah adanya cemaran kimia dalam makanan tersebut, seperti boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Dalam data tersebut, diketahui 2,93% sampel makanan jajanan pada anak sekolah mengandung boraks, 1,34% mengandung formalin, dan 1,02% mengandung rhodamin-B. Akumulasi bahan-bahan tersebut di dalam tubuh dapat berdampak negatif bagi kesehatan.Tujuan: Mengetahui persentase makanan jajanan anak sekolah dasar (SD) yang tercemar bahan tambahan pangan berbahaya (boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B) di Kabupaten Bantul. Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan rancangan survei. Penelitian dilaksanakan dengan melibatkan 68 SD di Kabupaten Bantul sebagai sampel. Seluruh makanan jajanan yang dijajakan baik di luar maupun di kantin sekolah dan diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya diuji kandungan cemaran kimianya yaitu kandungan boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B. Pengujian kualitatif kandungan boraks menggunakan kurkumin, formalin menggunakan KMnO4, dan rhodamin-B menggunakan test kit Rhodamin-B. Hasil: Terdapat 107 sampel makanan dari 68 SD yang diuji. Jenis makanan jajanan yang diduga mengandung bahan kimia berbahaya yang paling banyak dijajakan di SD adalah jenis bakso (bakso, bakso tusuk, bakso goreng) yaitu sejumlah 22,4% dari seluruh sampel jajanan. Di antara 98 sampel yang diuji kandungan boraks dan formalinnya, 15 sampel (15,3%) positif mengandung boraks dan 25 sampel (25,5%) positif mengandung formalin. Di antara 15 sampel yang diuji kandungan rhodamin-B-nya,7 sampel (46,7%) positif mengandung rhodamin-B. Terdapat 34 SD (50%) yang tidak terdapat jajanan yang tercemar bahan kimia berbahaya. Kesimpulan: Persentase makanan jajanan anak SD yang mengandung boraks, formalin dan rhodamin-B masih cukup tinggi.KATA KUNCI: makanan jajanan, boraks, formalin, rhodamin-B
Kepatuhan Kunjungan Posyandu dan Status Gizi Balita di Posyandu Karangbendo Banguntapan, Bantul, Yogyakarta Sugiyarti, Retno; Aprilia, Veriani; Suci Hati, Febriana
Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia Vol 2, No 3 (2014): November 2014
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.191 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/jnki.2014.2(3).141-146

Abstract

Malnutrition infants incidence in Indonesia is high about 17.9%. Karangbendo in the last three years has a case of malnutrition infants. The scope of children weighing affect nutritional status of infants. Attendance of health visits in puskesmas Banguntapan III was 63.9% and Karangbendo was 48%. The purpose of this study was to know relationship between health post visits compliance and nutritional status of infants at Karangbendo Banguntapan Bantul, Yogyakarta 2014. This study used descriptive analytic with cross sectional approach. The samples were 40 infants aged 1-5 years that visit Karangbendo health post on 2nd july 2014. The data of health post compliance and nutritional status were obtained by secondary data from KMS. Data were analyzed by Kendall Tau test. The results showed that most of infants aged was 13-36 months about 70% and infants women was 57.5%. The average of health post visits compliance was 70% and category of nutritional status was 72.5% good. The results of the analysis statistics showed that kendall tau value were 0.614 it means that there was a relationship between health post visits compliance and nutritional status of infants. In conclusion, there was a relationship between health post visits compliance and nutritional status of infants at Karangbendo Banguntapan Bantul, Yogyakarta 2014.
Konsumsi Junk Food dan Hipertensi pada Lansia di Kecamatan Kasihan, Bantul, Yogyakarta Sumarni, Rantiningsih; Sampurno, Edi; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia Vol 3, No 2 (2015): Juli 2015
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.669 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/jnki.2015.3(2).59-63

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The risk of hypertension increases in line with a changes in modern lifestyle. Elderly tends to select food such as junk food with high calories, and fat, but low in fi ber and other nutrients. Junk food contains high amounts of sodium that can increase the volume of blood in the body, so make stronger heart blood pumps and cause the higher blood pressure (hypertension). The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between junk food consumption and hypertension in elderly in Kasihan sub-district Bantul, Yogyakarta. This was an observational analytic study with cross sectional design. The samples were 100 elderly lives in Kasihan sub-district Bantul, Yogyakarta. The results showed that there was relationship between the consumption of junk food and hypertension. Respondents who suffered from hypertension were 49 (67.1%) who often consumed junk food and 24 respondents (32.9%) who rarely consumed junk food. Respondents who did not undergo hypertension were 9 respondents (33.3%) that often consumed junk food and 18 respondents (66.7%) that rarely consumed junk food. In conclusion, there was a relationship between junk food consumption and hypertension in elderly. Risk of hypertension in respondents who consumed more often junk food were 4.083 times higher than them who rarely consumed junk food.
Pola Asuh Orang Tua Sebagai Faktor Penentu Kualitas Pemenuhan Kebutuhan Dasar Personal Hygiene Anak Usia 6-12 Tahun Mardliyah, Umi; Yugistyowati, Anafrin; Aprilia, Veriani
Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia Vol 2, No 2 (2014): Juli 2014
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (149.617 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/jnki.2014.2(2).86-92

Abstract

Health problems that often occur in children of primary school age (6-12 years) are diseases associated with personal hygiene of the children. This study aimed to determine the relationship of parenting pattern with quality fulfi llment of basic personal hygiene needs of children aged 6-12 years in SDN Asem Little Kulon Progo Yogyakarta. This analytic observational used cross-sectional study design. Sampling was determined with simple random sampling technique and obtained 86 students as respondents. Analysis using test Kendal Tau (τ) showed no association between parenting pattern with quality fulfi llment of basic personal hygiene needs of children aged 6-12 years in SDN Asem Little Kulon Progo Yogyakarta (p<0.05). The results provide input for health services to improve health education to the community, especially school-age children about personal hygiene associated with the prevention of disease through School Health Unit (UKS).