Paramashanti, Bunga Astria
Alma Ata University Press

Published : 6 Documents
Articles

Found 6 Documents
Search

Dukungan Keluarga Berhubungan dengan Asupan Energi Anak Retardasi Mental di SLB Negeri 01 Kabupaten Bantul Paramashanti, Bunga Astria; Rakhman, Arief; Endriyani, Lia
Jurnal Ners dan Kebidanan Indonesia Vol 4, No 3 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (119.093 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/jnki.2016.4(3).163-168

Abstract

People with Mental Retardation mostly do not get proper support and care from their families, it is likely that families keep distance from public due to embarrasement of having a family member with such condition. Family support in this term plays an essential role in terms of child growth, which may be influential to physical aspect, self-care, communication, socialization, mentality, and emotion. Children will be malnourished if the nutrition necessary to support growth process is not fulfilled appropriately. The purpose of this research is to identify the relation between family support and energy intake in children with mental retardation in SLB N 01 of Bantul, Yogyakarta. This research was a quantitative research with cross sectional design. Population in this research was all children with mental retardation since the age of elementary school until senior high school. Samples in this research were 66 subjects. Data collection used questionnaires and systematic random sampling. Data was analyzed by using Kendal Tau statistical test. Results found that respondents who had good family support and sufficient energy intake were 27 subjects (40.9%), subjects who had fair family support and sufficient energy intake were 13 subjects (19.7%), subjects with sufficient family support and insufficient energy intake were 10 subjects (15,2%). According to Kendal Tau analysis, it was showed that p-value was 0.001 (p<0.05) which described that there was a significant relation betweeen family support and energy intake in children with mental retardation in SLB N 01 of Bantul, Yogyakarta. Therefore, it is essential to provide motivation and education for parents with mentally retarded children, especially on child food intake.
Waktu pemberian makanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu Khasanah, Dwi Puji; Hadi, Hamam; Paramashanti, Bunga Astria
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 2, MEI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.379 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(2).105-111

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Stunting in children 6-23 months old was not directly realized and can be looked after they are 2 years old. Almost 18.08% in District Bantul suffered from stunting. Stunting in children 6-23 months, may be correlated with the first time of complementary feeding introduction and inadequate intake of nutrients (energy and protein).Objectives: To know the association between time of complementary feeding introduction, energy and protein intake with stunting in children 6-23 months old in Sedayu.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. Research locations was in District of Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.The subject of study was children 6-23 months old in Sedayu. Samples were 190 children aged 6-23 months selected by using technique probability proportional to size (pps). The status of stunting in children was measured based on body length/age and used to analyze the risk of complementary feeding with stunting.Results: The results of the analysis bivariat showed that early complementary feeding was significantly associated with stunting (OR=2.867, 95% CI:1.453-5.656). Intake of energy and proteins had no association with stunting (p=0.005).Conclusions: There were association between time of complementary feeding introduction with stunting. Intake of energy and protein were not risk factors of stunting in children aged 6-23 months in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul, Yogyakarta.KEYWORDS: complementary feeding, intake of energy, intake of protein, stuntingABSTRACTLatar belakang: Terjadinya stunting pada baduta seringkali tidak disadari, dan setelah dua tahun baru terlihat ternyata balita tersebut pendek. Sebesar 18,08% balita di Kabupaten Bantul menderita stunting. Penyebab terjadinya stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan erat kaitannya dengan waktu pertama pemberianmakanan pendamping ASI (MP-ASI) serta asupan zat gizi (energi dan protein) pada makanan yang kurang memadai.Tujuan: Mengetahui hubungan antara waktu memulai pemberian serta jumlah asupan energi dan protein dari MP-ASI dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu.Metode: Jenis penelitian adalah observasional dengan desain studi cross sectional. Lokasi penelitian di Kecamatan Sedayu Kabupaten Bantul Yogyakarta. Subjek penelitian adalah anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu. Besar sampel yang dibutuhkan adalah 190 anak usia 6-23 bulan. Pemilihan subjekpenelitian menggunakan teknik probability proportional to size (PPS). Untuk mengetahui status stunting pada anak dilakukan pengukuran panjang badan menurut umur (PB/U) dan digunakan analisis besarnya risiko pemberian MP-ASI terhadap kejadian stunting.Hasil: Hasil analisis bivariat menunjukan waktu pertama kali pemberian MP-ASI berhubungan signifikan dengan kejadian stunting (OR=2,867, 95%CI:1,453-5,656). Asupan energi dan protein tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting (p>0,005).Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara waktu pertama pemberian MP-ASI yang terlalu dini terhadap kejadian stunting. Asupan energi dan protein yang kurang tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.KATA KUNCI: pemberian MP-ASI, asupan energi, asupan protein, stunting
Pemberian ASI eksklusif tidak berhubungan dengan stunting pada anak usia 6–23 bulan di Indonesia Paramashanti, Bunga Astria; Hadi, Hamam; Gunawan, I Made Alit
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 3, NOMOR 3, SEPTEMBER 2015
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (151.557 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2015.3(3).162-174

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Stunting in children is one of public health problem in Indonesia. Stunting is a serious problem because it is linked with the quality of human capital in future. Objectives: To determine the association between exclusive breastfeeding practice and stunting in young children 6 – 23 months in Indonesia.Methods: This study used a cross-sectional design. Data was obtained from Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2013. Riskesdas 2013 used multistage cluster sampling. Subject in this study was 6.956 young children 6 – 23 months in Indonesia which was selected purposively. Data was analyzed by using descriptive analysis, chi-square, and multiple logistic regression by adjusting the sampling weight for survey analysis.Results: Exclusive breastfeeding was protective against stunting, but the result was not significant both for exclusive breastfeeding >6 months (OR=0,99, 95% CI: 0,63–1,59) and exclusive breastfeeding 4-<6 bulan (OR=0,93, 95% CI: 0,63–1,39). Young children with low birth weight history had higher risk to become stunting (OR=1,77, 95% CI: 1,33–2,37). Household economic status which were very poor (OR=1,96, CI: 1,53–2,52), poor (OR=1,62, 95% CI:1,30–2,03) and middle (OR=1,32, 95% CI: 1,06–1,64) were also associated with the risk of stunting.Conclusions: Exclusive breastfeeding is not the only factor contributing to stunting in children. Optimal complementary feeding practice should also be the focus of intervention. Improvement in nutritional status since the preconception and during the pregnancy, and household economy status may reduce stunting problem in children.KEYWORDS: stunting, exclusive breastfeeding, feeding practice, growth ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Stunting pada anak-anak merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang utama di Indonesia. Stunting menjadi masalah yang serius karena dikaitkan dengan kualitas sumber daya manusia di kemudian hari.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara praktik pemberian ASI eksklusif dan stunting pada anak usia 6 – 23 bulan di Indonesia.Metode: Desain penelitian ini adalah cross-sectional. Data didapatkan dari hasil riset kesehatan dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Teknik pengambilan sampel pada Riskesdas 2013 adalah multistage cluster sampling. Subjek pada penelitian ini berjumlah 6.956 anak usia 6 – 23 bulan di Indonesia yang dipilih secara purposive. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis deskriptif, chi-square dan regresi logistik berganda dengan mempertimbangkan sampling weight untuk analisis survei.Hasil: ASI eksklusif bersifat protektif terhadap kejadian stunting pada anak, namun hasilnya tidak signifikan, baik untuk ASI eksklusif >6 bulan (OR=0,99, 95% CI 0,63–1,59) maupun ASI eksklusif 4-<6 bulan OR=0,93, 95% CI: 0,63–1,39). Anak yang lahir dengan berat badan lahir rendah (BBLR) memiliki risiko yang lebih tinggi untuk menjadi anak yang stunting (OR=1,77, 95% CI: 1,33–2,37). Status ekonomi rumah tangga sangat miskin (OR=1,96, 95% CI: 1,53–2,52), miskin (OR=1,62, 95% CI: 1,30–2,03) danmenengah (OR=1,32, 95% CI: 1,06–1,64) masing-masing berkontribusi terhadap peningkatan risiko stunting pada anak.Kesimpulan: ASI eksklusif bukanlah satu-satunya faktor yang berkontribusi terhadap kejadian stunting pada anak. Pemberian MPASI yang optimal juga harus diperhatikan. Perbaikan status gizi sejak masa prekonsepsi dan selama kehamilan, serta status ekonomi rumah tangga diharapkan mampu menurunkan kejadian stunting pada anak.KATA KUNCI: stunting, ASI eksklusif, praktik makan, pertumbuhan
Berat badan lahir rendah berhubungan dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan Supriyanto, Yeyen; Paramashanti, Bunga Astria; Astiti, Dewi
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 5, NOMOR 1, 2017
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (956.173 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2017.5(1).23-30

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Stunting is a growth impairment resulting from chronic malnutrition condition or prolonged infectious diseases. It may cause growth retardation, low endurance, lack of intelligence and productivity. Stunting prevalence in Indonesia reached 37.2% where Special Region of Yogyakarta reached 27% and Bantul District was 18.08%. Low birth weight babies have a life chance, however, when they survive they are still vulnerable to diseases, growth retardation, and developmental disorders. Statistics showed that 90% low birth weight cases found in developing countries and the mortality rate was 35 times higher in infants with low birth weight compared to infants with normal birth weight. Objectives: To understand the relationship between weight low birth (BBLR) and stunting in children 6-23 month in Sedayu District Bantul Yogyakarta.Methods: This study used observational research with cross-sectional design. The population in this study were parents and children from 6-23 months which were 1217 subjects. The sample used in this study as many as 190 subjects were selected by using proportional probability to size techniques. Data were analyzed by using chi-square test. Results: Bivariate analysis showed that low birth weight infants was significantly related with stunting (OR= 6.16; 95% CI: 3.007-12.656). In other words, children born with low birth weight status had a chance 6.16 times greater to become stunting than the children who birth weight normal Conclusion: There was a relationship between low birth weight infants and stunting in children 6-23 months in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul District, Yogyakarta. KEYWORDS: low birth weight, stunting, children aged 6-23 months ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Stunting adalah gangguan pertumbuhan yang terjadi akibat kondisi kekurangan gizi kronis atau penyakit infeksi kronis. Dampak yang ditimbulkan antara lain lambatnya pertumbuhan anak, daya tahan tubuh yang rendah, kurang kecerdasan dan produktivitas yang rendah. Prevalensi balita stunting di Indonesia mencapai 37,2%, sementara di Provinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY) sebesar 27%, di Kabupaten Bantul sebesar 18,08%. Bayi BBLR memiliki kesempatan hidup dan ketika bertahan mereka mudah terkena penyakit, retardasi pertumbuhan dan gangguan perkembangan mental. Statistik menunjukan bahwa 90% dari kejadian BBLR didapatkan di negara berkembang dan angka kematian 35 kali lebih tinggi dibandingkan pada bayi dengan bayi berat badan lahir lebih dari 2.500 gram. Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara BBLR dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu Kabupaten Bantul Yogyakarta. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah orang tua dan anak yang berumur 6-23 bulan yang berjumlah 1217 responden. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 190 yang diambil dengan teknik proporsional probability to size yaitu prosedur penarikan sampel dimana peluang terpilihnya suatu unit sampel sebanding dengan ukuran. Data yang telah dikumpulkan kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji statistik chi-square.Hasil: Berdasarkan analisis Chi-Square menunjukkan anak yang BBLR memiliki hubungan yang signifikan dengan kejadian stunting (p value <0,000) dengan nilai OR 6,16 (95% Cl: 3,007-12,656), dengan kata lain anak yang lahir dengan berpeluang 6,16 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami stunting dari pada anak yang memiliki berat badan lahir normal. Kesimpulan: Ada hubungan antara BBLR dengan kejadian stunting pada anak usia 6-23 bulan di Kecamatan Sedayu Kabupaten Bantul, Yogyakarta. KATA KUNCI: stunting, berat badan bayi lahir rendah (BBLR), anak usia 6-23 bulan 
Tingkat sosial ekonomi tidak berhubungan dengan kurang energi kronis (KEK) pada ibu hamil Indriany, Indriany; Helmyati, Siti; Paramashanti, Bunga Astria
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 2, NOMOR 3, SEPTEMBER 2014
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.043 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2014.2(3).116-125

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Chronic energy deficiency (CED) has been experienced in almost all countries, especially in developing countries such as Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Srilanka, and Thailand. There are several cause factors of CED, one of them is socioeconomic level such as education, employment, knowledge, and family income.Objectives: To analyze the relationship between socioeconomic level and CED in Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul,Yogyakarta.Methods: This was an observational study with cross sectional design. Population were all pregnant women in Sedayu Subdistrict. Samples were selected by using total sampling methods with total sample 201 pregnant women. Data were analyzed by using univariate analysis (descriptive), bivariat (chi-square), and multivariat (multiple logistic regression).Results: There were no significant relationship between maternal education (p=0.167, RP=1.55, 95% CI:0.84-2.87), maternal employment (p=0.360, RP=1.33, 95% CI:0.72-2.44), maternal knowledge (p=0.892, RP=0.96, 95% CI:0.49-1.85) and CED in pregnant women at Sedayu Subdistrict. However, there was significant relationship between family income with CED in pregnant woman (p=0.004, RP=2.73, 95% CI:1.31-5.68). Multivariat analysis showed that there was significant relationship between family income with CED in pregnant women (R2=0.08, OR=3.22, 95% CI:1.28-8.11). Low family income had a 3.22 times higher chance to incidence of CED in pregnant women.Conclusions: Sosioeconomic status such as education, employment, knowledge did not associate with CED in pregnant women. However, there was significant association in family income of pregnant women with CED and non CED.KEYWORDS: chronic energy deficiency, maternal education, employment, maternal knowledge, family income ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Kurang energi kronis (KEK) dialami oleh hampir semua negara khususnya di negara-negara berkembang seperti Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Srilanka, dan Thailand. Salah satu faktor yang dapat mempengaruhi KEK pada ibu hamil adalah tingkat sosial ekonomi seperti pendidikan ibu, pengetahuan ibu, pekerjaan ibu, dan pendapatan keluarga.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui hubungan antara tingkat sosial ekonomi dengan kejadian KEK pada ibu hamil di Kecamatan Sedayu, Bantul, Yogyakarta.Metode: Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional dengan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh ibu hamil yang ada di Kecamatan Sedayu. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan total sampling dengan jumlah sampel 201 ibu hamil. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis univariat (deskriptif), bivariat (chi-square), dan multivariat (regresi logistik).Hasil: Hasil analisis menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara pendidikan ibu (p=0,17, RP=1,55, 95% CI:0,84-2,87), pekerjaan ibu (p=0,36, RP=1,33, 95% CI:0,72-2,44), dan pengetahuan ibu (p=0,83, RP=0,96, 95% CI:0,49-1,85) dengan kejadian KEK pada Ibu hamil. Namun demikian, terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pendapatan keluarga dengan KEK ibu hamil (p=0,004, RP=2,73, 95% CI:1,31-5,68). Analisis multivariat menunjukkan bahwa pendapatan keluarga mempunyai hubungan dengan kejadian KEK pada ibu hamil (R2=0,08, OR=3,22, 95% CI:1,28-8,11), pendapatan keluarga yang rendah memiliki peluang 3,22 kali untuk mengalami kejadian KEK pada ibu hamil.Kesimpulan: Tingkat sosial ekonomi seperti pendidikan, pekerjaan, pengetahuan ibu tidak berhubungan dengan KEK pada ibu hamil, namun pendapatan keluarga memiliki hubungan yang bermakna secara signifikan antara ibu hamil KEK dan tidak KEK.KATA KUNCI: kurang energi kronis, pendidikan, pekerjaan, pengetahuan, pendapatan keluarga
Stunting was not associated with overweight among children aged 24-59 months Hidayati, Adityas Afifah; Gunawan, I Made Alit; Paramashanti, Bunga Astria
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 5, NOMOR 3, 2017
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.562 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2017.5(3).113-118

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Stunting was associated with cognitive development, morbidity and productivity in later life. Several studies and analysis also showed that stunting was related to overweight. In Indonesia, prevalence of stunted-overweight in children was 7.4% in 2007, then increased to 7.6% in 2010.Objective: To understand the relationship between stunting and overweight among children aged 24-59 months.Methods: Cross-sectional design was used in this study. Study location was Sedayu Subdistrict, Bantul District.   Participants were a total of 185 children selected by probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling technique. Main variables included nutritional status of stunting, overweight, and energy, protein and fat intakes. Analysis used was chi-square test with the level of significance 0.05.Results: The prevalence of stunting was 30.8%, whereas overweight prevalence was 10.3%. Bivariate analysis indicated that there was no significant relationship between stunting and overweight among children aged 24-59 months (OR= 1.3; 95%CI: 0.5-3.6). Energy, protein and fats intakes were not confounding variables, but effect modifier in the association between stunting and overweight.Conclusion: There was no relationship between stunting and overweight in children aged 24-59 months.KEYWORDS: stunting, overweight, children