Afifah, Effatul
Alma Ata University Press

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Pemberian ekstrak air buah sawo (Manilkara zapota L.) menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tikus (rattus norvegicus) diabetes mellitus Afifah, Effatul
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 3, NOMOR 3, SEPTEMBER 2015
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (129.309 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2015.3(3).180-186

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a chronic metabolic problem disorder characterized by hyperglicemia which is caused by insulin deficiency produced by β-pancreas cells, thus causing abnormalities of carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, and tend to cause complications. Objectives: To know the effect of sapodilla extract water on blood glucose level of diabetic induce mice. Methods: This was an experimental study with pre-post control group design. Sapodilla extract water (EABS) was fed to group of mice with alloxan diabetes induction. Twenty four DM induced mice were separated into 4 groups, e.g. control without and with medication of glibenclamide, EABS 1 (treated with 3.6 mL/200 g body weight), and EABS 2 (treated with 7.2 mL/200 g body weight). Mice were then measured for their blood glucose level at the day of 3, 14, and 30. Results: EABS 1 and EABS 2 decreased blood glucose levels at week of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd after induction. The greatest reduction was shown by EABS 2 at the 3rd week. EABS decreased blood glucose level of mice induced DM and signifi cantly shown at glibenclamide group, followed by EABS 2 and EABS 1.Conclusions: EABS reduced blood glucose levels of diabetic mice and signifi cantly shown for glibenclamide group, followed by EABS 2 and EABS 1.KEYWORDS: diabetes mellitus, sapodilla extract water, blood glucoseABSTRAKLatar belakang: Diabetes mellitus (DM) merupakan penyakit gangguan metabolik kronis yang ditandai dengan hiperglikemia yang disebabkan oleh kekurangan insulin yang dihasilkan oleh sel β-pankreas sehingga menimbulkan kelainan metabolisme karbohidrat, protein dan lemak, dan cenderung menimbulkan komplikasi.Tujuan: Mengetahui efek pemberian ekstrak buah air sawo terhadap kadar glukosa darah tikus yang diinduksi DM.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental murni dengan rancangan pre-post test control group design dengan memberikan intervensi ekstrak buah air sawo (EABS) pada kelompok tikus yang diberikan induksi DM menggunakan aloksan. Sebanyak 24 tikus yang diinduksi DM dikelompokkan ke dalam 4 perlakuan, antara lain kontrol tanpa dan dengan pengobatan glienclamide, EABS 1 (diberi 3,6 mL/200 g berat badan), dan EABS 2 (7,2 mL/200 g berat badan). Tikus diukur kadar gula darahnya pada hari ke-3, 14, dan 30. Hasil: EABS mampu menurunkan kadar glukosa darah pada tikus, baik pada kelompok EABS 1 maupun EABS 2 pada minggu ke-1, ke-2, dan ke-3 setelah induksi. Hasil penurunan kadar glukosa yang paling besar terjadi pada kelompok EABS 2 pada minggu ke-3 perlakuan. EABS dapat menurunkan kadar glukosa darah tikus yang diinduksi DM dan paling signifi kan terjadi pada kelompok glibenclamide diikuti oleh EABS 2 dan EABS 1.Kesimpulan: EABS mampu menurunkan kadar glukosa darah pada tikus yang diinduksi alloxan.KATA KUNCI: diabetes mellitus, ekstrak air buah sawo, glukosa darah
Asupan kalium-natrium dan status obesitas sebagai faktor risiko kejadian hipertensi pasien rawat jalan di RS Panembahan Senopati Bantul Yogyakarta Afifah, Effatul
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 1, JANUARI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.213 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(1).41-48

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Hypertension is one of the problems in the medical and public health area. Based on National Health Research Association in 2013, hypertension is the third leading cause of death of all ages patterns, after stroke and TB, with the proportion of deaths was 6.8%. The prevalence of hypertension in DIY was 25.7%. The risk factors of diet containing high fat, high sodium, and low potassium to elevate blood pressure.Objectives: To know the effect of the intake of sodium-potassium and the status of obesity as a risk factor for hypertension.Methods: This study used analytic observational study design with control-case design. Samples were 104 and divided into 52 cases and 52 controls. Data were collected using a questionnaire include: name, age, gender, address, education level, the type of work, and form of food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to inquire patterns of food intake (intake of sodium-potassium) for 3 months with food models. Obesity status was measured using body mass index (BMI), and merqurial sphygmomanometer hypertension wasused to measure blood pressure. Analysis of data used statistical test independent t-test, chi-square.Results: No significant correlation between age and the incidence of hypertension (OR=2.448), neither did sodium intake with hypertension, potassium intake with hypertension, and nutritional status (obesity) associated with the incidence of hypertension.Conclusions: Age was the risk factor for hypertension, while the intake of sodium-potassium and status of obesity were not.KEYWORDS: hypertension, sodium intake, potassium intake, obesityABSTRAKLatar belakang: Hipertensi merupakan salah satu masalah dalam dunia medis dan kesehatan masyarakat. Dalam riset kesehatan dasar nasional tahun 2013, hipertensi merupakan penyebab kematian semua umur yang ketiga, setelah stroke dan tuberculosis (TB), dengan proporsi kematian sebesar 6,8%. Prevalensi hipertensi untuk wilayah DIY 25,7% termasuk angka yang tinggi. Faktor risiko pola makan yang mengandung tinggi lemak, tinggi natrium dan rendah kalium memiliki kontribusi terhadap peningkatantekanan darah.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui pengaruh asupan natrium, kalium, dan status obesitas sebagai faktor risiko hipertensi.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi observasional analitik dengan rancangan kasus kontrol dengan jumlah total sampel 104 yang terbagi dalam 52 kasus dan 52 kontrol. Pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner meliputi: nama, umur, jenis kelamin, alamat, tingkat pendidikan, dan jenis pekerjaan dan formulir food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) untuk menanyakan pola asupan makanan (asupan natrium, kalium) selama 3 bulan menggunakan food model. Status obesitas diukur dengan menggunakan indek massa tubuh (IMT) dan hipertensi diukur menggunakan merqurial sphygmomanometer. Analisis data menggunakan uji statistik independent t-test, chi-square.Hasil: Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara usia dengan kejadian hipertensi (OR=2,448). Asupan natrium tidak berhubungan signifi kan dengan hipertensi. Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara asupan kalium dengan hipertensi dan status gizi (obesitas) tidak berhubungan secara signifikan dengan kejadian hipertensi.Kesimpulan: Usia merupakan faktor risiko kejadian hipertensi, sedangkan asupan natrium, kalium, dan status obesitas bukan merupakan faktor risiko hipertensi.KATA KUNCI: hipertensi, asupan natrium, asupan kalium, obesitas
Kebiasaan jajan dan pola makan serta hubungannya dengan status gizi anak usia sekolah di SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta Noviani, Kurnia; Afifah, Effatul; Astiti, Dewi
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 4, NOMOR 2, MEI 2016
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.923 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2016.4(2).97-104

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground: Elementary school children are in the developmental age, thus need nutritions with good and proper quality and quantity. Nutrient needs can be fulfilled through eating habits. Snacking habit can also contribute to nutritional status in children if the snack consumed has good quality in term of the typeand quantity.Objectives: To understand the relationship between snacking habit and diet with nutritional status of elementary school children in SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta.Methods: This study was an observational research with cross sectional approach. This study population was all students in SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta grades III, IV, V, that were 160 respondents. The sample used in this study was 65 people selected by using simple random sampling. The process ofselecting a random sample was based on the random number table. The research instruments used were questionnaires, form of 24 -hour food recall for 1 day, bathroom scales, and microtoise. The collected data was analyzed by using a statistical test chi-square.Results: Respondents who had frequent snacking habit with a normal nutritional status was 27 respondents (81%), whereas those who had less frequent snacking habit with wasting nutritional status was 7 respondents (21.9%). Respondents with a good diet (>80% RDA) with wasting nutritional status was 9 respondents (75%) and respondents who had bad diet with normal nutritional status was 34 respondents (66%). Chi-Square analysis in the relationship between snacking habit and nutritional status obtained 0.781 p value (p>0.05) which mean that there was no statistically significant of relationship between snacking habits and child’s nutritional status. Whereas Chi-Square analysis of diet and nutritional status showed a significant relationship with 0.008 p value (p<0.05) means that there was a relationship between diet and nutritional status.Conclusions: There was a relationship between diet and nutritional status of elementary school children, but there was no relationship between snacking habits and nutritional status of them.KEYWORDS: snacking habit, diet, nutritional status, elementary school childrenABSTRAKLatar belakang: Anak usia sekolah dasar termasuk usia perkembangan sehingga membutuhkan nutrisi dengan kualitas maupun kuantitas yang baik dan benar. Kebutuhan gizi tersebut di antaranya dapat dipenuhi melalui kebiasaan makan. Pola jajan juga dapat memberikan kontribusi terhadap status gizi anak apabila jenis jajan yang dikonsumsi berkualitas dari segi jenis dan kandungan gizinya.Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui hubungan kebiasaan jajan dan pola makan dengan status gizi di SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa dari kelas III, IV, V yang berjumlah 160 siswa di SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta. Sampel dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 65 yang diambil dengan teknik simple random sampling. Proses memilih sejumlah sampel secara random berdasarkan tabel bilangan random. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan yaitu kuesioner, formulir food recall 24 jam selama 1 hari, timbangan injak, dan microtois. Data yang telah dikumpulkan kemudian dianalisis menggunakan uji statistic chi-square.Hasil: Responden yang memiliki kebiasaan jajan sering dengan status gizi normal yaitu sebanyak 27 responden (81%), dan yang tidak sering jajan dengan status gizi kurus berjumlah 7 responden (21,9%). Responden dengan pola makan yang baik >80% AKG dengan status gizi kurus sebesar 9 responden (75%) dan responden yang memiliki pola makan tidak baik dengan status gizi normal sebesar 34 responden (66%). Hasil analisis chi-square hubungan kebiasaan jajan dengan status gizi diperoleh p 0,781 (p>0,05) yang berarti bahwa tidak ada hubungan antara kebiasaan jajan dengan status gizi. Hasil analisis Chi-Square hubungan pola makan dengan status gizi diperoleh p 0,008 (p<0,05) yang berarti bahwa ada hubungan antara pola makan dengan status gizi.Kesimpulan: Tidak ada hubungan kebiasaan jajan dengan status gizi di SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta. Ada hubungan pola makan dengan status gizi di SD Sonosewu Bantul Yogyakarta.KATA KUNCI: kebiasaan jajan, pola makan, status gizi, anak sekolah dasar
Dietary magnesium intake and risk of hypertension among adult outpatients Hasanah, Umi; Afifah, Effatul; Nurwanti, Esti
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics) VOLUME 5, NOMOR 3, 2017
Publisher : Alma Ata University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (104.118 KB) | DOI: 10.21927/ijnd.2017.5(3).119-126

Abstract

ABSTRACTBackground : Hypertension still has been a great health problem in indonesia. In Indonesia, the prevalence of hypertension in 2013 was as many as 28.5 %, and in The Yogyakarta special was as many as 25,7 %. Several factors that can affect hypertension, some unavoidable as aging and sex, but some  can  as  lifestyle  very  closely  related  to  nutrition  as  deficiency  intake  calcium  and magnesium[LAL1] . Calcium may affect blood pressure because it inhibits the effects of the intake of salt naci high on blood pressure. And if less magnesium it can increase levels of sodium intracellular and sent down the potassium intracellular. [LAL2] Objectives : To know the relationship between calcium and magnesium intake with the genesis hypertension in outpatients at RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Yogyakarta.Methods : The research was observational with  case-control[LAL3]  design.  Research  was carried  out  in  February  2016  and  population  research was outpatients RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul Yogyakarta. Sample case was outpatients the age of 30-60 years with the diagnosis hypertension. Control is outpatients with the age of 30-60 years who do not hypertension. The sample of the 45 patients with comparison cases control 1: 1, so the total sample was 90 patients with 45 patients hypertension and 45 a patient was not hypertension .Sampling method was by purposive sampling. Variable dependent was hypertension and independent variable was calcium and magnesium intake.[LAL4]  An instrument was form food frequency  questionary  (FFQ) form that was taken by  means  of  interview.  Data  analysis  using  analysis univariate ( descriptive with the spss version 19 and bivariat (test chi-square).Result : Bivariat analysis showed that calcium intake (p = 0.827; or = 0.909; el 95 % = 0.385 – 2.143) no significant relationship with the occurrence of hypertension .While intake of magnesium (p = 0.035; or = 2.471; el 95%= 1.058 - 5.768) had significant  relationship   with  the  occurrence  of  hypertension.Conclusion : A significant relation was between magnesium and the genesis hypertension. Was proven but intake calcium did not prove the  relationship with the genesis hypertension[LAL5] . KEYWORDS : hypertension, calcium and magnesium intake